ANNUAL REPORT By S M T . G U L E S T A N R. B. BILLIMORIA Hon. Gen....
S M T . G U L E S T A N R. B. BILLIMORIA
Hon. Gen. Secretary,
With the present report we complete nine
As decided by the Central Executive Com-
years of an eventful career. During this period
mittee, a detailed M e m o r a n d u m on the
we have made a humble effort to promote subject was prepared and a deputation con-
knowledge, information and understanding sisting of the following waited on the Prime
of social problems that face our country as Minister, Shri Jawaharlal Nehru on 12th
also to stimulate the development of social May, 1956:-—
welfare services on progressive lines. While
1. Smt. H a n s a M e h t a (President) (Leader
a full appraisal of our work will be done at of the deputation)
the 10th anniversary session, it may be
2. Smt. H a n n a h Sen (Vic-President)
mentioned here that the organisation has
3. Smt. M. C. J a d h a v (Vice-President),
received national and international recogni-
4. Smt. Gulestan R. B. Billimoria (Hon.
tion during this short period of its existence. Gen. Secretary), and
So far we have organised 14 State
5. Shri M. S. Gore (Hon. Associate
Branches: in Andhra, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Secretary),
Hyderabad, Madhya Pradesh, M a d h y a 6. Shri B. Chatterjee (Executive
Bharat, Madras, Mysore, Orissa, Rajasthan, Secretary).
Travancore-Cochin, U t t a r Pradesh and West
T h e Prime Minister gave a very patient
Bengal; most of these have rendered useful hearing to the deputationists and agreed to
service. However, consequent on the reorga-
circulate the M e m o r a n d u m to his colleagues
nisation of the administrative boundaries in the Cabinet and all the State Governments
of various States, we will now have to re-
for their opinion. We are hoping that as a
organise our branches and we hope this will result of this a number of State Govern-
strengthen the functions of State and district ments will support our proposal and create
branches, thus promoting voluntary effort in State Departments of Social Welfare, thus
this vital field of social work. With greater paving the way for the creation of a Ministry
need for co-ordination of welfare activities at of Social Welfare at the centre. In this con-
the local, state and national level, the Indian nection, it is heartening to note that a
Conference of Social Work must strengthen Ministry for Community Development has
welfare activities at all levels along with the been created at the centre and that out of
reorganisation of State branches.
the total 13 re-organised States, there are
2. Memorandum on Ministry for Social
Departments of Social Welfare in 8 States,
—During the past sessions of the namely, Andhra, Bombay, West Bengal,
Conference, we have been insistently passing Madhya Pradesh, Mysore, Punjab, Rajasthan
resolutions advocating the creation of a and U t t a r Pradesh. A nucleus of a Depart-
Ministry of Social Welfare at the Centre and ment of Social Welfare also exists in the
Departments of Social Welfare in the States, Bihar Government. Thus, we will have to
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S M T . G U L E S T A N R. B. BILLIMORIA
make efforts for the creation of State Depart-
10. Shri B. Chatterjee, Executive Secretary
ments of Social Welfare in Madras, Travan-
core-Cochin, Assam and Orissa as also in the
11. Smt. Shirin Dastur Patel, Asst. Secre-
centrally administered areas. T h e next task tary (Ex-officio).
in this matter for Governments would be to
Subsequently Smt. A. Wahabuddin Ahmed,
standardise the objectives, functions and Hon. Treasurer, who now resides in Bombay
organisational set up of all these departments.
was co-opted as a member of the Working
3. Recommendations of the Bangalore
—1500 copies of the Recommenda-
tions a n d Reports of three Sub-Committees
6. Nomination to the Central Executive
and the Panel were printed and sent to all Committee.
—According to the Constitution
the Central and State Government depart-
of the Conference by Section 6 ( a ) , sub-
ments and other bodies and agencies, in-
clause ( v ) , the President is empowered to
cluding Municipalities, covered by the Re-
nominate not more than five representatives
commendations of the Bangalore Session.
of departments concerned with social welfare
in the Union or State Governments as
4. Proceedings of the Bangalore Session.
— members of the CEC every year and the
T h e proceedings of the Bangalore Session following were nominated accordingly: —
were published in the M a r c h 1956 issue of
the Indian Journal of Social Work, p u b -
1. Shri K. G. Saiyidain, Ministry of
l i s h e d by the Department of Publications Education, Government of India, New Delhi.
of the T a t a Institute of Social Sciences,
2. Shri N. S. Mankiker, Chief Adviser
Bombay and were sent to all those who had Factories, Ministry of Labour, Government
participated in the programme and those of India, New Delhi.
who had booked orders.
3. Dr. Mrs. S. Bhatia, Adviser on
5. Appointment of a Working Committee.
Maternity and Child Welfare, Ministry of
— T h e President, who was authorised to Health, Government of India, New Delhi.
appoint a Working Committee, nominated
4. A. G. R a m a c h a n d r a R a o , Minister,
the following members for the current Government of Mysore, Bangalore.
5. Shri H. Banerji, Development Com-
1. Smt. H a n s a M e h t a (President)
missioner, Government of West Bengal,
2. Dr. Jivraj N. Mehta, Bombay
3. Smt. Zarina E. G. Currimbhoy, Bombay
T h e President was pleased to nominate the
following members for the 3 seats vacant on
4. Shri F. R. Surti, Bombay (Hon. the CEC for the term ending 31st December,
1958 for the States mentioned below: —
5. Prof. A. R. Wadia, Bombay
—Shri S. C. Pandit, Director, Depart-
6. Prof. R. Choksi, Bombay (President's ment of Social Welfare, Government of
7. Shri N. F. Kaikobad, Bombay (Presi-
—Shri V. R. R u t h n a m , H o n . Asso-
ciate Secretary, Mysore State Branch, I C S W ,
8. Dr. M. S. Sabnis, Bombay (President's Bangalore.
9. Smt. Gulestan R. B. Billimoria (Hon. Assam
—Shri O. K. Das, Minister for Edu-
cation, Government of Assam, Shillong.
A N N U A L R E P O R T
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7. Observance of Social Welfare Day.
— International Conference of Social Work was
As usual "Social Welfare Day" was observed held in Munich, Germany from August 5
throughout the country on 20th February.
to 10, 1956. Approximately 2600 persons
8. Report of Seminar on Casteism and
were present, representing 56 countries and
—The Report of the Seminar 25 international organizations, both govern-
on Casteism and Removal of Untouchability mental and non-governmental. This was the
was printed in the early part of the year and
largest and most representative Conference
was sent to all the participants, Central and in the history of the organisation. T h e theme
State Governments, newspapers and our was "Industrialisation and Social Work—
branches. It may be mentioned here that Industrialisation and Its Effects on Social
the Report has been very well received by Work for family and community Welfare."
various State Governments and newspapers There were 6 plenary sessions and one of
in India and abroad. Editorials on the these was addressed by our President,
Report also appeared in the Statesman, Smt. Hansa Mehta, the subject being:
Calcutta, and Manchester Guardian, London. "Social Work and Industrialisation. New
Tasks in Developing Structures of Commu-
It is interesting to note that reports on nity Life," and she received great approbation.
the Seminar also appeared in the London In addition four Commissions (composed of
Times, which goes to prove the high calibre two representatives of each National Com-
of the deliberations of the Seminar held in mittee) and 20 Study Groups met during
Delhi in October, 1955.
the Conference. In the Exhibition that was
organised, 21 governments, National com-
9. Meetings of the Working and Central
mittees and international organisations had
—In all three meetings exhibits and provided consultation service.
of the Working Committee and three In addition, books from many countries were
meetings of the C E C were held during the displayed in the International Library.
year. In May, the C E C meeting was held Besides, Film Shows and Agency visits were
in New Delhi. At this meeting the programme
arranged. A number of meetings of related
for the Jaipur Conference was finalised. groups were held before and after the
Plans for a Seminar on Slum Clearance were opening of the Conference. The proceedings
when printed will add to our knowledge of
10. Reports to the International Con-
social work problems. T h e following
ference of Social Work.
—In response to the members represented the Indian National
request of the International Conference of Committee on the four Commissions:
Social Work, the ICSW prepared a National
1. Smt. Hansa Mehta
Committee Report on the theme of the 2. Smt. G. R. B. Billimoria
Conference which has been published in the 3. Shri B. P. Singh
I C S W Bulletin, June 1956 issue. We were 4. Dr. Miss P. Vakharia
also requested to prepare a Report on 5. Shri P. T. Thomas
Terminology in Social work and a small 6. Smt. Shanti Kabir
committee was appointed at the last annual 7. Shri L. C. Joshi
session in Bangalore. T h e Report was 8. Dr. M. S. Modi
discussed by the C E C and forwarded to the Besides, Smt. P. Jakatdar and Shri B. P.
Pathak were the Chairman and Vice-
11. Munich Session of the International
Chairman of the Study Group, "Maintenance
Conference of Social Work.
—The Eighth of R u r a l Population; Contribution of H o m e
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SMT. GULESTAN R. B. BILLIMORIA
and Village Industries," and Shri J. Datt
10. National Youth Hostels Conference,
was the Secretary of this group. Shri L. S. New Delhi—October 1956—ICSW repre-
Kudchedkar was the Secretary of the Indian sented by Shri M. C. Nanavatty, Delhi
School of Social Work.
The 9th International Conference of
11. Seminar—World Assembly of Youth—
Social Work is scheduled to be held in Delhi—ICSW represented by Shri M. C.
Tokyo, Japan in 1958 to discuss the main Nanavatty, Delhi School of Social Work.
theme: "Developing Resources for Social
12. UNESCO Conference—November-
December 1956, Delhi—International Con-
12. Representation of the ICSW.
—The ference of Social Work represented by
following office-bearers of the ICSW parti-
Shri M. S. Gore, Principal, Delhi School of
cipated in or represented the ICSW at Social Work.
various Committees and Conferences: —
13. International T. B. Conference, New
1. UNESCO General Conference—Smt. Delhi—January 1957—Mrs. Billimoria will
Hansa Mehta, President ICSW, attended as represent the organisation.
an alternate delegate on behalf of India.
14. International Red Cross Conference,
2. Meals for Millions Association of India New Delhi—January to February 1957
—Smt. Gulestan R. B. Billimoria, Hon. Gen. Mrs. Billimoria will represent the Interna-
Secretary, was nominated a representative of tional Conference of Social Work.
the ICSW on the organisation.
15. Harijan Welfare Week at Jabalpur on
3. 17th Conference of Bombay State Social Welfare Day—Shri B. Chatterjee,
Women's Council, February 1956—Smt. Executive Secretary, ICSW inaugurated.
Billimoria represented the ICSW.
13. International Social Service.
4. All India Conference of the Association International Social Service is an agency to
for Moral and Social Hygiene, January 1956 look after the welfare of immigrants and
—Shri B. Chatterjee, Executive Secretary, other nationals in foreign countries who
undergo various difficulties. In 1952, the ISS
5. National Conference on Child Welfare, requested the ICSW to help them with
May 1956—New Delhi—Shri B. Chatterjee, cases where a reference has to be made in
Executive Secretary, ICSW, represented.
India. At the moment with the help of the
6. "Probation-India", Lucknow, (Journal Family Welfare Agency in Bombay and
of Social Defence and Reconstruction) —
various State Branches throughout India, we
Shri B. Chatterjee, Executive Secretary, are dealing with various problems like
ICSW—A member of the Editorial Advisory Adoption, Marital Disorder, Foster Care,
Repatriation, etc. So far we have handled
14 such cases.
7. U. N. Regional Conference of Non-
Governmental Organisations, Ceylon, October
14. U. N. Fellowships.
1956—Shri S. R. Venkataraman, Madras.
Nations Organisation has announced four
8. Unesco Research Centre, Calcutta— Fellowships for Indian nationals under their
Shri B. Chatterjee, Executive Secretary, Social Welfare Fellowships and Scholarships
Programme, 1957 through the Ministry of
9. All India Children's Day, Bombay— Education.
ICSW represented by Miss N. B. Sidhwa,
The Executive Secretary wrote to Branches
Bombay City Branch, ICSW.
asking them for suitable suggestions and the
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President was pleased to suggest the following
5. Shri S. D. Gokhale, Bombay
6. Dr. M. S. Sabnis, Bombay
1. Miss R. Balwally, Case Worker, Family
7. Shri A. V. Nadkarni, Bombay
Welfare Agency, Bombay-1.
8. Shri T. L. Kochavara, Bombay
9. Smt. N. B. Sidhwa, Bombay
2. Shri R. C. Das, Hon. Gen. Secretary,
10. Dr. Miss M. S. Modi, Bombay
Assam Branch, ICSW, Gauhati.
3. Shri Shanti Kumar Khinduka, Lecturer,
l1. Shri B. Chatterjee, Executive Secretary,
Department of Sociology and Social Work,
Lucknow University, Lucknow.
12. Smt. Shirin Dastur Patel, Asstt. Secretary
15. Pamphlets on Social Work subject.
As decided at the last meeting of the CEC,
13. Dr. J. F. Bulsara, Bombay (by
the ICSW is engaged in preparing pamphlets
on various subjects of practical value to social
14. Smt. P. L. Deodhar, Bombay (co-
workers in their expanded field of activity.
The following persons have been entrusted
with the subjects mentioned against their
The Committee authorised the Chairman,
Dr. Moorthy to be the Director of the Sur-
vey. We have appointed one Supervisor and
1. Outline Plan of a Beggars Home—-
two investigators for the Project.
Shri M. S. Gore, Principal, Delhi School
of Social Work.
A questionnaire has been already finalised
and the work of interviewing cases has
2. Outline Plan of a Women's Home— begun. We are hoping to complete the
Smt. T. Bastikar, Superintendent, Shraddha-
Report of the pilot project by March, 1957.
nand Anath Mahilashram, Bombay.
3. Outline Plan of an Aftercare Home—
We have also received another grant of
Dr. M. S. Sabnis, Chief Officer, Children's Rs. 8,000/- from the Education Ministry for
Aid Society, Bombay.
setting up a Social Research Division. We
are in correspondence with the Ministry, with
4. Outline Plan of a Children's Home— a view to increasing the grant, in the alter-
Shri S. C. Pandit, Director of Social Welfare, native, we have requested for permission to
use the amount for a research project on:
16. Research Survey of Beggar Problem in
"The study concerning prevention of certain
—As a result of a grant-in-aid types of delinquency resulting from social
of Rs. 8,000/- received from the Ministry changes and accompanying community
of Education, Government of India, a development", prepared by M. S. Sabnis,
Committee was appointed by the President Chief Officer, Children's Aid Society,
to undertake a pilot research survey Bombay.
of the Beggar Problem in Bombay City:
17. A National Child Care Code.
The Committee consisted of the following the recommendation of the Sub-Committee
on "A National Child Care Code", we have
1. Dr. M. V. Moorthy (Chairman)
requested the Government of India to ap-
2. Dr. Paul Neurath, Bombay
point a Committee to prepare a report on
3. Dr. D. Cortadellas, Bombay
the subject. We have not heard anything in
4. Dr. Miss P. Cabinetmaker, Bombay
the matter so far.
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S M T . G U L E S T A N R. B. BILLIMORIA
18. Report of the Backward Classes Com-
T h e report is now ready. T h e Committee
—With the publication of the Report has suggested the immediate appointment of
of the Backward Classes Commission, it a Central Council for Legal Aid to the Poor
becomes necessary to examine its findings and
under the presidentship of the Attorney
to make some concrete suggestions as regards General with an adequate Legal Aid F u n d
the criterion of backwardness and the present
to provide free legal aid to the poor. It
approach to the problems based on caste has also suggested State Councils under the
chairmanship of the Advocate General and
the setting up of Legal Aid Committees and
19. Sub-Committee on Mental Hygiene
Sub-Committees in each District and Taluka
and Social Welfare.
—Pursuant to the recom-
respectively. We have already forwarded the
mendations of the Panel on "Mental recommendations of the Bangalore Session
Hygiene and Social Welfare", a Sub-
as well as the above report to the Law
Committee was appointed to prepare a Commission appointed by the Government
report on the subject consisting of the of India for their consideration.
following members: —
21. Seminar on Slum Clearance.
1. Dr. K. R. Masani (Chairman)
Central Executive Committee, which met in
2. Smt. S. Panandikar, Bombay
May 1956 in Delhi decided to organise a
3. Dr. J. C. Marfatia, Bombay
Seminar on Slum Clearance with a view
4. Dr. Mrs. K a m a l a Bhoota, Bombay
to discussing the question from the social,
5. Dr. Miss G. R. Banerji, Bombay
economic, educational, psychological, legal
6. Dr. H. P. Dastur, Bombay
and welfare angles so as to analyse the
problem, evaluate existing efforts to meet
7. Dr. M. S. Sabnis, Bombay (co-opted)
it and to evolve concrete suggestions to
8. Smt. B. M. Batliwala (Secretary).
counteract and eradicate slum conditions in
T h e work of the Committee has been the shortest possible time.
held up in the absence of Dr. K. R. Masani
Shri P. R. Nayak, I.C.S., Municipal Com-
(Chairman) who is now abroad. However, missioner, Bombay has agreed to be the
we are hoping that the Report will be ready Director and Shri B. K. Chandiwala of the
shortly and will be presented to the C E C .
Bharat Sevak Samaj, Delhi will be the
20. Report on Legal Aid to the Poor.
— Associate Director.
As recommended at the Bangalore Session
Owing to unforeseen reasons, the Seminar
of the Conference a Sub-Committee to will now be held in Bombay from 14th to
prepare a Report on Legal Aid to the Poor, 20th May, 1957.
consisting of the following, was appointed
22. Jaipur Session Arrangements.
by the President: —
year we have organised 3 sectional meetings,
1. Dr. Jivraj N. M e h t a (Chairman)
discussions by two panels and three sub-
2. Smt. Mithan J. Lam, Bombay (Vice-
committees, besides meetings of Workshops
on various subjects. T h e subjects have been
3. Shri N. H. Pandia, Bombay (Secretary)
chosen with a view to meeting current needs
4. Shri K. J. Dubash, Bombay
and I am confident we will have a successful
5. Shri N. C. N. Acharya, Bombay
session this year.
6. Dr. P. N. Daruwala, Bombay
—Subsequent to the present-
7. Shri K. T. Pathak, Bombay
ation of the last Annual Report, the
following grants were received for the year
1955-56 during the period 1-1-1956 to
Our total budget for the
year 1956-57 is 81,840 0 0
as given in Appendix
The total estimated income is 77,600 6 2
The Statement of accounts for the year
1955-1956, as audited by our Hon. Auditors
Messrs P. C. Hansotia and Co. and a State-
ment of accounts for the period 1-4-1955 to
1-12-1956 are given below.
—I take this op-
portunity to place on record our gratitude to
Smt. Hansa Mehta who has guided the work
of the Conference during the year with great
interest and enthusiasm. We are also extre-
mely grateful to Dr. Jivraj N. Mehta for the
valuable help and assistance he so ungrudg-
ingly gave us from time to time. In fact
without his support it would have been very
difficult to find adequate finances to run
We sincerely thank all those who have
rendered financial assistance during the year
specially the Government of India, the Gov-
ernments of Andhra, Bombay, Bihar, Uttar
Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan as
also the Sir Dorabji Tata and Sir Ratan Tata
SMT. G U L E S T A N R. B. BlLLIMORIA
2 4 0
Our thanks are also due to the Office-
P. C. Hansotia & Co., our Hon. Auditors and
bearers and members of the Central Execu-
to the staff of the Central Office and all
tive and Working Committees and the members of the ICSW.
various sub-committees that functioned
Last but not the least we are extremely
during the year. We also thank Dr. M. V. thankful to Shri M. L. Sukhadia, Chief
Moorthy of the Tata Institute of Social Minister of Rajasthan, Shri B. L. Pandia,
Sciences, Chairman of the Sub-Committee Minister for Social Welfare, Shri G. C.
on Beggar Research and Director of the Chatterjee, Vice-Chancellor of Rajasthan,
Survey and other members of the said Shri Ram Singh, Secretary, and members
of the Reception Committee for their kind
We are indebted to Shri M. J. Gazdar, interest and efforts in helping us to hold the
our Hon. Constitutional Referee and Messrs. Conference in Jaipur.