ANNUAL REPORT BY S H R I M A T I G U L E S T A N R. B. BILLIMORIA ...
BY S H R I M A T I G U L E S T A N R. B. BILLIMORIA
(Hony. General Secretary, Indian Conference of Social Work)
In reviewing the activities of the Indian national Social Work suffered a grievous loss
Conference of Social Work for the year 1953 in the demise of Dr. Sand in August this year.
we have to keep in mind the structure,
T h e International Conference at M a d r a s
functions and purposes of the organisation. was attended by over 1200 delegates. The
In seeking to promote the ideal of scientific programme and all the social and cultural
social work in the country a great amount activities provided an excellent opportunity
of the work of the Indian Conference of for us to know our co-workers in different
Social Work has to be of the nature of public parts of the world. The International Exhi-
education; its activities cannot be measured bition on Social Work was very much
in concrete terms over a short period of time appreciated. I would like to thank the office
nor can its achievements be spectacular. T h e bearers and all the volunteers of the various
Conference does not give direct material committees in Madras for the excellent
assistance to individuals or groups; this is a arrangments and their spirit of friendliness
task of many of its member organisations. and co-operation.
In its work of study, research, experimentation
and the organisation of Seminars and Con-
T h e proceedings of the Conference were
ferences, the Indian Conference of Social published and ready in August. Over one
Work seeks to foster high standards of social thousand copies have already been sold. Miss
work and to give a lead to t h e social welfare Shirin Dastur's help was invaluable to me in
movement in the country. With this objective the hard labour of editing the Proceedings.
in the background I present to you the Annual
Both the deluxe and the cheap editions have
Report of the Indian Conference of Social been appreciated for the contents, get-up and
Work for the year 1953.
printing. We have received messages of
acclaim from all concerned.
S I X T H INTERNATIONAL C O N F E R E N C E O F
SOCIAL W O R K
S O U T H E A S T A S I A REGIONAL O F F I C E
We started this year close upon the finish
At the meeting of the Permanent Commit-
of the Sixth International Conference of tee of the International Conference of Social
Social Work. I am clad to be able to inform Work held in Madras, it was decided to esta-
you t h a t the Madras Conference was blish the South East Asia Regional Office in
acclaimed a great success by the International
Bombay on a permanent basis. T h e South
Conference office bearers and t h e delegates East Asia Regional Office works in close co-
who came from all parts of the world. We operation with the Central Office of the
were indeed fortunate in having in our midst
Indian Conference of Social Work. It serves
Dr. Rene Sand, the founder of the Inter-
to maintain liaison with social work organisa-
national Conference of Social Work and one tions in the various countries in South East
of the leaders of our age in Social Work. He Asia. T h e first issue of "Social Welfare in
is no more with us today. T h e cause of Inter-
South East Asia", the bulletin of the South
A N N U A L R E P O R T
East Asia Regional Office was published in 6. Dr. M a r t h a Branscombe, Director,
November. It is proposed to bring out two
Elizabeth McCormick Memorial Fund,
numbers annually, in M a r c h and in
Chicago, Illinois, U. S. A.
November. We hope that the journal will 7. Mrs. Anna Hedgeman, Volunteer's
prove its use to social workers in the region.
Community Organisations, U. S. A.
T h e Regional Office is also entrusted with
T h e main theme of the Seminar was
the arrangements for the attendance of dele-
"Training Programmes for Professional Social
gates from Asia to the Seventh International Work in India". "Criteria for the admission of
Conference of Social Work which will be students to professional training institutes"
held in Toranto, C a n a d a from J u n e 27 to and "Criteria for Field Work" constituted the
July 2, 1954. If a sufficient number of Sections for discussion. This Seminar
persons from the Region wish to attend, it will provided for the first time, an avenue for the
be possible to make arrangements for low exchange of ideas and experience between
cost group travel which will include a tour institutions training social workers in India.
of Europe and Canada.
Prior to the Seminar the experts were
INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON SOCIAL W O R K able to tour the country extensively and
T E C H N I Q U E S
acquaint themselves with Indian conditions.
In February this year, the Indian Con-
They had an opportunity to meet Indian social
ference of Social Work organised in co-opera-
workers at the Madras International Con-
tion with the Faculty of Social Work, the ference of Social Work and the International
M. S. University of Baroda, a seminar on Conferences on Planned Parenthood and
"Training for Professional Social Work" to Child Welfare in Bombay. After the Con-
which representatives were sent by all the ference the Central Office, with the help of
the branches had arranged individual and
Schools of Social Work. This Seminar was
group study tours for all these experts.
conducted by a team of social welfare experts
whose services were m a d e available by the
Following a brief period of orientation in
Ford Foundation and the U. S. Technical Delhi, the members of the group visited
Co-operation Administration. T h e team various social service agencies in different
consisted of the following members:
parts of the country and undertook lecture
1. Dr. Lester B. Granger, Executive and other assignments in their fields of special
Director, National U r g a n League, New interest.
Mr. Rifa'at H a b b a b spoke to various groups
2. Mr. Ernest Neal, Director, Rural Life and studied the refugee rehabilitation p r o -
Council, Tuskeegee, Alabama.
gramme in Delhi. Dr. M a r t h a Branscombe
visited child welfare agencies and discussed
3. Mr. M. P. Goutos, Secretary-General,
Greek Ministry of Social Welfare, Athens. child welfare with various leaders of children's
groups. Mrs. Anna Arnold Hedgeman
4. M r . Rifa'at Habbab, Director, Social attended the Gandhian seminar.
Welfare & Education, U. N. Relief &
Works Agency for Palestine Refugees.
On January 8 and 9, Dr. Lester Granger
5. Miss Anne Wilkens, Faculty of Social addressed various meetings in K a n p u r under
Work, University of Texas, U. S. A.
the auspices of the International Centre.
A N N U A L R E P O R T
T h r e e members of the team went to Aligarh
EVELYN H E R S E Y S C H O L A R S H I P
on January 10, 1953, a n d met with a youth
group under the leadership of Shri H a r
Members might recall that at its last
Vishnu Tripathi, Secretary, United Students' annual general meeting held in M a d r a s it
Social Front, U t t a r Pradesh, 53 Tamoli Para, was announced by Mr. Donald S. Howard
(Leader of t h e American and Canadian
delegates who attended the Sixth Interna-
On Sunday, January 11, 1953, the entire tional Conference of Social Work as members
team (except Miss Anne Wilkens) met at a of the Assist study tour group) that as a
meeting called by t h e Delhi State Branch of token of their appreciation for the hospitality
the Indian Conference of Social Work and accorded to them in India the delegates had
m a d e a presentation of various types of social donated 400 dollars towards a Scholarship
work in their respective countries.
which would be known as the 'Evelyn Hersey
In Lucknow the team participated in a Scholarship', in recognition of the help
social welfare symposium on " H o w can rendered to them while in India by Miss
Social Service Help Raise the Standards of Hersey, Social Welfare Attache to the
Living" and " T h e Role of the Scientific Social U. S. Embassy, N e w Delhi.
Worker in Society" held on January 13 and
T h e framing of t h e Rules for the award of
this Scholarship was entrusted to the Indian
Mr. Rifa'at H a b b a b , M r . and Mrs. Michael Conference of Social Work. At present the
Goutos and Dr. Lester Granger went to Scholarship is available for one year only.
Calcutta and spoke to various groups and At the meeting of the Selection Committee
visited social agencies.
held to decide the award of the Scholarship
Two special assignments were m a d e by the it was agreed that the Scholarship should
Indian Conference of Social W o r k ; Dr. Ernest be divided equally among the three post-
E. Neal, at the request of the T C A and the graduate schools of social work. It was also
Government of India, was assigned t h e duties decided t h a t the Scholarship would be
of consultant on rural community organiza-
awarded on merit only. Accordingly the
tion and rural housing. He spent a major decision of the Committee was m a d e known
part of his stay in India on this job. to the Schools of Social Work and on
Miss Anne Wilkens was assigned as a member
receiving their recommendations the Scholar-
of the Reviewing Committee of the T a t a ship was awarded to the following four
Institute of Social Sciences.
students: — .
T h e team h a d a busy programme of work
T A T A I N S T I T U T E O F SOCIAL S C I E N C E S ,
in Hyderabad and in Indore. T h e services BOMBAY: Miss H. J. Abraham (Rs. 70/- per
of the experts were also m a d e available for month for 10 months)
lecture assignments to the Baroda School of
FACULTY OF SOCIAL W O R K , BARODA:
Social Work and the newly established Mr. M. B. Dixit (Rs. 70/- per month for
Madras School of Social Work.
My thanks are due to the Branch Offices ' D E L H I SCHOOL OF SOCIAL W O R K : 1. Miss
for the help they extended in arranging for Manorama Joshi, and 2. Mrs. Shakuntala
the hospitality and institutional visits of 'our
(Gokhale) Bodas (Rs. 3 5 / - each per month
for 10 months)
INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL SERVICE
various areas. We had hoped that if
The International Social Service, Geneva, satisfactory replies to this questionnaire were
Switzerland, through its Director Mr. William received we could compile the data into an
T. Kirk, who attended the Madras Con-
All India Report on Rural Welfare projects.
ference, sought the assistance of the Indian Unfortunately, however, very few replies were
Conference of Social Work in establishing forthcoming and the information received
an active unit of the International Social was not enough to form even a reasonably
Service in India. The Indian Conference of comprehensive publication. We earnestly
Social Work has been requested to collect appeal to our members to co-operate with us
case data regarding persons in South East in such ventures for within our limitations of
Asia referred to it. We are grateful to the finances and staff the Central Office cannot
International Social Service for their token by itself undertake country-wide projects. It
grant of Rs. 1,175/10/- (250 dollars).
must always seek the active interest and
co-operation of its members and must essen-
So far six cases have been referred to us tially distribute its work. The Social Welfare
of which two were handled successfully; we Day, itself, however, was enthusiastically
were able to obtain all the required infor-
celebrated by our various state branches. The
mation from Goa and forward it to the state and district branches of Hyderabad and
headquarters of the I. S. S. in Geneva.
Madras carried on a varied programme of
Mr. Kirk has suggested that as soon as activities. In Bombay a number of public
the volume of cases warrants it, the I. S. S. meetings were arranged; a Symposium on
will set up an Indian branch of the Inter-
Rural Reconstruction also was organised. We
national Social Service on an independent were fortunate in having in our midst on
basis. The plan is first to select a qualified Social Welfare Day some of the social welfare
Indian social worker who could be sent to experts who attended the Sixth International
some of the other branches for orientation Conference of Social Work in Madras. In
and then assume major responsibility for Calcutta an Exhibition on Social Welfare
handling I. S. S. cases; still being attached and an Exhibition of Films was arranged by
to the Indian Conference of Social Work the West Bengal State Branch.
and under its administrative direction. The
CONFERENCE OF LABOUR AND WELFARE
expenses of the training would be assumed
by the International Social Service.
In the first week of April, the Central
SOCIAL WELFARE DAY
Office organised the First All India Con-
As in the previous years Social Welfare ference of Labour and Welfare Officers in
Day was celebrated on February 20, 1953 all co-operation with the Indian Institute of
over the country. The central theme of Personnel Management, the National Institute
deliberation for Social Welfare Day was of Labour Management, the Industrial Wel-
"Rural Reconstruction and Welfare". A fare Association (India) and the Tata
questionnaire on Rural Welfare projects was Institute of Social Sciences. This Conference
circulated to all the branch offices and social received a very encouraging response from
service organisations in the country with a the central and the various state governments
view to drawing their attention to the signi-
and industries. The Organising Committee
ficant social welfare schemes operating in the of the Conference functioned under the
Presidentship of Shri Shantilal H. Shah, very valuable books on various aspects of
Minister for Labour and Health, Government social welfare. The books were formally
of Bombay. The Conference proceedings were presented to Dr. Jivraj N. Metha, President,
inaugurated by Shri V. V. Giri, Union Indian Conference of Social Work by Miss
Minister for Labour. It was the first time Evelyn W. Hersey, Social Welfare Attache,
that labour officers representing all sectors American Embassy, New Delhi at a small
of industry came together to discuss problems function organised for the purpose in Bombay
pertaining to Labour Welfare and Personnel on April 30 this year. Following upon the
Management. All the delegates present voted presentation ceremony, these books were dis-
the Conference of great value in enhancing played in an Exhibition for three days in the
their understanding of their common B. E. S. T. Hall in Bombay.
problems. It was decided to set up an All
It is now proposed to set up a permanent
India Council of Labour and Welfare Officers library in a central locality in Bombay. For
on a permanent basis, under the President-
the present we have been fortunate in securing
ship of Shri Shantilal H. Shah. Shri one additional room attached to the Central
Chatterjee, Executive Secretary of the Office premises at 6/A, Cooperage. This room
I. C. S. W. is one of the Jt. Secretaries of the is shared with the Women's Small Savings
Campaign Office. This room has been set
On April 5, the first day of the Conference, up as the nucleus of a full-fledged library.
the Free Press Journal issued a special
supplement on the All India Conference of PUBLICATION & DISTRIBUTION OF LITERATURE
Labour and Welfare Officers. We owe
(i) The Bulletin of the Central Office has
gratitude to the Government and the various now been registered and is now available for
industrial concerns who supported this general circulation at a nominal price of
Ans. 8/- to members and Re. 1/- to non-
members. You will recall that two issues of
We hope that increasingly the Indian the Bulletin were circulated in 1953 free of
Conference of Social Work will be entrusted charge. We only hope this Bulletin becomes
with the task of organising such specialised a regular feature of this office and we invite
conferences. This will help to focus attention your contributions to it.
on specialised problems in the various fields of
social work against the general background
(ii) The first edition of our publication
and perspective provided by the annual ses-
entitled "Social Work in India and a
sions of the Indian Conference of Social Work. Directory of National Welfare Agencies" is
rapidly selling out. In 1954 we may have to
publish a second edition, for which we have
You will be glad to hear that 1,000 volumes also started preliminary work. We would
of books that were displayed at the Inter-
very much like your suggestions for inclusion
national Social Welfare Exhibition in Madras in the second edition. I am glad to inform
last December have been presented to the you that this publication was very much
Indian Conference of Social Work by the appreciated by social workers from abroad
U. S. Committee of the International Con-
who visited our country and also by our own
ference of Social Work, and U. S. Department compatriots here and abroad. A large number
of State, Washington. This is a collection of of copies were purchased in bulk by the
A N N U A L R E P O R T
American Embassy in New Delhi and also co-ordination of the work of t h e various
by the External Affairs Ministry of our national social welfare agencies.
T h e I n d i a n Conference of Social Work,
(iii) T h e publication entitled "Social however, has no representative on Social
Work as a Career" for which the manuscript Welfare Advisory Board constituted by the
was furnished by the Central Office to the Union Cabinet.
Vocational Guidance Bureau of the Govern-
CO-OPERATION W I T H T H E P L A N N I N G
m e n t of Bombay is also running out of stock
C O M M I S S I O N
and we have been asked to submit t h e
material for the next edition. We have written
In February the Honorary General Secre-
to our contacts, well wishers and to all schools tary h a d occasion to meet Mrs. Deshmukh,
of social work in the country inviting their the Social Services Member on the Planning
comments and suggestions. We hope that the Commission who contemplated the under-
second issue will be an improvement on the taking of a survey of social services in the
earlier one which was the first effort of its country. Co-operation in every possible
kind in our country.
manner, from the I n d i a n Conference of
Social Work was offered. It is understood
D I S T R I B U T I O N OF LITERATURE
t h a t the Planning Commission is contempla-
With a view to starting nucleus Libraries ting the appointment of a Social Services
on Social Work in the offices of our various Mission consisting largely of lay voluntary
State branches we distributed this year to all personnel, to undertake survey work. In this
our branches a complete set of the literature connection the I n d i a n Conference of Social
published by the Central Office since its Work submitted a tentative budget and plan
inception. We also sent duplicates of as many for the Publication of a Social Work Year
publications as were available in the Central Book which would contain a review of social
Office. This literature, we hope, will provide welfare activities in India. It will be remem-
the branches with sufficient sample material bered that such a plan was submitted to the
for their own organisational work and also Social Advisory Board of t h e Ministry of
some reference on social services in India and Education as early as in 1950. We are now
informed that the Ministry of Education will
be publishing a Social Work Year Book
SOCIAL ADVISORY BOARD
sometime this year. Further, we have offered
A meeting of the Advisory Board on Social to co-operate with the Planning Commission
Welfare of the Ministry of Education was in publishing popular literature on social
held on M a r c h 12 and 13 this year in Delhi. work, undertaking studies on minimum
In the absence of Dr. Jivraj N. Mehta, standards of institutional management, spon-
member representing the Indian Conference soring social research projects and in
of social Work on the Board, Mrs. Gulestan organising community centres on an experi-
R. B. Billimoria, H o n . Gen. Secretary attend-
mental basis in different parts of the country.
ed the meeting which discussed, among other
things, the publication of a Social Work Year
S T A F F AND E S T A B L I S H M E N T
Book, the setting up of State Social Welfare
In January this year the Central Office
Advisory Boards to ensure co-ordination of shifted from Dinshaw W a c h h a R o a d to Room
the central and state welfare services and the No. 16, 6 / A . Cooperage. In September an
A N N U A L R E P O R T
additional room was allotted to the Indian EXECUTIVE SECRETARY FOR HYDERABAD STATE
Conference of Social Work for the use of the
B R A N C H
Women's Savings Campaign Committee. This
office space is rather inadequate for we have
You may recall that last year we had
to depend entirely on the generosity of the planned a Scheme for the appointment of
Government for it. Secondly, in view of the paid full-time Executive Secretaries by our
multifarious responsibilities undertaken by various State Branches. T h e Hyderabad
the Central Office, this office space is not Branch was the first to come forward in this
enough. In the premises of the Indian Con-
matter and after due advertisement of the
ference of Social Work now function the post and interview Miss R a m d a s was
South East Asia Regional Office of the appointed. Unfortunately, however, Miss
International Conference of Social Work, the Ramdas h a d to leave us in favour of a
All India Council of Labour and Welfare happier position as Mrs. Rathee. Miss Zakia
Officers and the Committee for the Women's K h a n has now been appointed as the Execu-
Savings Campaign in Bombay, as also the tive Secretary of the Hyderabad Branch on
Social Work Library and Reading Room.
probation for six months. We hope that with
t h e appointment of a new full time Executive
T h e Provident fund rules for the employees Secretary the work of the Hyderabad Branch
of the Central Office have now been finalised of the Indian Conference of Social Work
and approved by the President. A great deal will be strengthened and expanded further.
of thought and effort have been expended in We are also considering the request of the
the framing of these rules; we hope they will West Bengal Branch for the appointment of
become a model for our branches and welfare a full time Executive Secretary on the same
Shri P. D. K u l k a m i , Asstt. Secretary of the
Indian Conference of Social Work} resigned
B R A N C H E S
from the post on 15—6—52 as he had taken
Social workers in the State of Andhra,
up an appointment as a Research Officer in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Travancore-
the Social Services Division of the Planning Cochin have been taking active steps to form
Commission. Shri I. E. Soares who joined branches of the Indian Conference of Social
our office in November 1952 to fill the Work in their respective areas. The Branch
temporary vacancy caused by Shri Kulkarni's of the Indian Conference of Social Work
absence on leave without pay also secured in Andhra was formallly inaugurated on 9th
an appointment as Research Officer in the December 1953. Friends in the other states
Labour Division of the Planning Commission were very keen to establish their branches
and left the Central Office in June 1953. before the year was out but at the suggestion
Messrs. K u l k a m i and Soares have our very of the President, however, we thought it
good wishes for a successful future.
better to defer the formal sanction to the
We do not have any Assistant Secretary formation of these branches until after the
for the Indian Conference of Social Work at Hyderabad Conference, for we expected that
present. Miss Bani Q. Singh, the Assistant the Hyderabad Conference would provide an
Secretary of the South East Asia Regional opportunity for the various office bearers of
Office has been helping us with our office the new branches to meet the office bearers
work for the last few months.
and the staff of the central office and other
A N N U A L R E P O R T
established branches and acquaint themselves all possible help in arranging for the prelimi-
with the aims and objects as well as the nary meeting of interested social workers in
organisational work of the Conference. We Bombay and in creating interest in this
hope that early in 1954 our branches in scheme.
Rajasthan, M a d h y a Pradesh, A n d h r a and
Travancore-Cochin will start functioning on M E E T I N G S OF T H E CENTRAL EXECUTIVE AND
a permanent basis. T h e Hyderabad Branch
T H E W O R K I N G C O M M I T T E E S
has been authorised by the Government of
O n e meeting of the Central Executive
Hyderabad to conduct a raffle with a view Committee was held in April this year in
to collecting a sum of Rs. 10 lakhs for the Bombay when the quota for allocation to the
establishment of an Institute of Radiology.
Central Executive Committee was fixed and
the policy and programme of work for the
A N N U A L S E S S I O N S O F STATE B R A N C H E S
current year were laid down. Only one
State branches also held their annual state meeting of the Working Committee was held
conferences this year, the subjects discussed towards the end of November to finalise the
prepared the background material for the arrangements for the Hyderabad Conference.
We were fortunate throughout the year in
having the guidance of Dr. Jivraj N. M e h t a ,
T h e Bihar State Branch is contemplating our President whose presence in Bombay was
convening a conference in the near future. a great help to us.
T h e A n d h r a Council of Social Services was
formally inaugurated on 9th December by
F I N A N C E S
Shri Chandulal Trivedi, Governor of Andhra.
Rajasthan and Travancore-Cochin States
T h e financial position this year has not
may also organise conference as soon as they been very encouraging. With great difficulty
organise State Branches of the Indian Con-
and due to the persistent efforts of o u r
ference of Social Work.
President, we were able to receive a grant-in-
aid of Rs. 6,500/- from t h e Ministry of
R E P R E S E N T A T I O N AT V A R I O U S M E E T I N G S
Education of the Government of I n d i a for
Dr. B. H. Mehta, Professor, T a t a Institute the financial year 1952-53. We are very
of Social Sciences, represented the I n d i a n grateful to the following governments a n d
Conference of Social Work at the Inter-
organizations for their financial support: —
national Conference on Planned Parenthood
1. Government of Assam
held in Stockholm this September.
2. Government of Bombay
In the month of October this year, 3. Government of Mysore
Mrs. Gulestan R. B. Billimoria, the H o n .
4. Government of Saurashtra
Gen. Secretary of the Conference was 5. American Women's Club, Bombay
appointed a Member of the Central Advisory
6. Caltex, Bombay
Committee on Women's Small Savings C a m -
7. Dorabji T a t a Trust, Bombay
paign. Mrs. Billimoria is in charge of the
8. Jehangir Vakil Mills Ltd., Ahmedabad
Small Savings drive in Bombay. While not
9. Jehangir Vakil Mills Ltd., Bhavnagar
applying for recognition as an authorized 10. Navajivan Mills, Ahmedabad
agent for the sale of national certificates, the 11. Sir R a t a n T a t a Trust, Bombay
Indian Conference of Social Work rendered 12. N. M. Wadia Charities, Bombay
Donations amounting to Rs. 4,417/5/3 and donors who gave us timely support and
were also collected for the All India Con-
financial help. My thanks are due also to
ference of Labour and Welfare Officers.
Shri M. J. Gazdar, our Hon. Constitutional
Referee; to our Hon. Auditors, Messrs. P. C.
For the year 1953-54 we have secured a Hansotia & Co., to our office bearers, to my
non-recurring cash grant of Rs. 7,500/- from colleagues in the Central Office and to you
the Ministry of Health, Government of India. all members of the Indian Conference of
Social Work for your interest and support.
Our heartfelt thanks are due to Dr. Jivraj
Last but not the least my thanks are due
N. Mehta, for his continued help and support to the Hyderabad State branch, its energetic
throughout the year. Our thanks are also Chairman and Hon. Gen. Secretary, Mrs.
due to the members of the Central Executive Wahabuddin Ahmed and the members of the
and the Working Committees who travel Executive Committee. To all the members
long distances to attend the meetings and and volunteers of the Reception Committee,
take a keen interest in the work and progress we owe immense gratitude for the hard work
of the Central Office. On your behalf and they have put in towards the organisation of
my own I warmly thank the governments such excellent hospitality to the Sixth Session.