ANNUAL REPORT S m t . GULESTAN R. B. BlLLIMORIA (Hon. General...
S m t . GULESTAN R. B. BlLLIMORIA
(Hon. General Secretary, ICSW)
I deem it a privilege to present to you Madhya Bharat, Madhya Pradesh, Madras,
the Annual Report of the Indian Con-
Mysore, Orissa, Rajasthan, Travancore-
ference of Social Work for the year 1955, Cochin, Uttar Pradesh and. West Bengal—
a year which marks the end of a and these have been consolidating their work
historic period of the first five years of the generally during the twelve months under
national plan. During this period, we have review.
not only witnessed large-scale and almost
unprecedented development in the field of
New District Branches have been esta-
agricultural production, hydro-electric pro-
blished by various State Branches of the
jects, improvement in health and educational ICSW. Four State Conferences—viz.,
standards, but it has ushered in a new era Patna, Kozhikode, Trivandrum and Delhi
of awareness for the need for systematic and have been organized very successfully this year.
large-scale social work. This can be attributed It will be seen that several of them have
to the declaration of a Welfare State and a ventured out in new directions and done
socialistic pattern of society to which we commendable work in initiating the Citizens
are committed and, last but not least, to the Advisory Bureaux Movement, in organizing
efforts of the Indian Conference of Social a Beggars* Home and a Hostel for unattached
Work. The Government, very rightly, has working boys. One of our branches has been
allocated large sums of money for social authorized by the State Government to
welfare projects and a substantial amount conduct a second Raffle in aid of a Radium
out of these is set aside for welfare work in Institute and Cancer Hospital, recently
opened by the Prime Minister, Pandit
Jawarharlal Nehru. The first Raffle was
In this exciting journey towards a Welfare drawn this year, and approximately Rs. 9
State, the Indian Conference of Social Work lakhs were collected and Rs. 3 lakhs given
has a definite role to play and we offer our away as prize money. One of the District
fullest co-operation in that direction. Our Branches has recently opened a magnificent
achievements during the year under review Kala Mandir built at a cost of Rs. 1,60,000.
will reveal our humble contribution to that In addition, a Leprosy Relief Workers' Con-
ference, a socio-economic survey of riskshaw-
pullers, in-service training courses, the
organization of a Symposium and Seminars
With the impending re-organization of —all these have been undertaken by our
States in a short while, we have not con-
branches and carried to a successful conclu-
sidered it advisable to start new State sion during the past year. It may also interest
Branches of the ICSW this year. There are you all to know that four of our State
already 14 State Branches in existence, viz.,
in Andhra, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Hyderabad, Cochin, Bombay City and Delhi, have
ANNUAL REPORT 2 2 9
secured the services of professionally trained needs, priorities and targets for the Second
social workers as their paid Executive Five-Year Plan. The deputation consisted
Secretaries. This is a very encouraging of the following members:
feature and is worthy of emulation by the
1. Smt. Hansa Mehta (President).
remaining State Branches, if they wish to
2. Smt. Hannah Sen (Vice-President).
organize their work more systematically.
3. Smt. K. Vellodi.
We may also record in this connection,
4. Prof. A. R. Wadia, M.P.
our gratification at the award of Padma Shri
Another deputation led by Smt. Hansa
to Smt. Zarina Currimbhoy, President, Mehta and consisting of Smt. Hannah Sen,
Bombay City Branch, and Honorary Smt. K. Vellodi, Smt. Gulestan R. B.
Treasurer, ICSW, and Smt. Mary Clubwala Billimoria and Shri M. S. Gore, met Smt.
Jadhav, Honorary General Secretary, Madras Durgabai Deshmukh in order to seek avenues
State Branch, and Vice-President, ICSW.
of closer co-operation between the ICSW and
Recommendations of the Lucknow Session
the Central Social Welfare Board and the
One thousand copies of the recommenda-
State Social Welfare Advisory Boards.
tions, passed at the last Annual Session at Social Welfare Day
Lucknow in December 1954, were printed
and circulated to the Central and State
Once again, the Social Welfare Day was
Governments as well as semi-official bodies observed on February 20, 1955, with a great
and voluntary all-India social welfare orga-
deal of interest and enthusiasm all over India.
nisations particularly concerned with these Organized meetings, radio talks, articles in
recommendations. The response from the the Press, cleanliness and recreational cam-
various Governmental and voluntary agencies paigns, all served to focus public attention
has been very gratifying.
upon the current social problems as well as
Several other steps for implementing these on the recommendations of the previous
recommendations were taken during the year. Annual Session at Lucknow. Smt. Hansa
A Memorandum was circulated to the Union Mehta's broadcast talk on the occasion of
and State Governments regarding the setting the Social Welfare Day was relayed through-
up of an All-India Cadre of Social Welfare out the country.
Officers. Most of the State Governments,
however, are not in favour of such a move The Central Executive Committee
at this juncture.
In consonance with Section 6 (a), Sub-
Regarding the recommendations of the Clause (v)
of the Constitution, the President
Panel on "Medical Social Work", we wrote nominated the following five representatives
to the President, All-India Medical Associa-
of Government Departments on the Central
tion, suggesting that a Section on Medical Executive Committee:
Social Work be set up at the next Conference
1. Shri K. G. Saiyidain,
of the Association and assuring him, of our
Ministry of Education, Govt. of India,
fullest co-operation in the matter.
A deputation waited upon the Planning
2. Shri N. S. Mankiker,
Commission, in order to urge the immediate
Chief Adviser (Factories),
appointment of a high-powered Advisory
Ministry of Labour, Govt. of India,
Committee on Social Welfare to work out the
2 3 0 ANNUAL REPORT
3. Dr. Smt. S. Bhatia,
4. To draw up common programmes like
Adviser in Maternal and Child Wel-
holding joint-conferences, publishing
fare, Directorate-General of Health
a common Journal of Social work or
Services, Ministry of Health, Govt. of
a Newsletter, conducting research
India, New Delhi.
projects, finance campaigns, a central
4. Shri S. K. Dey, I.C.S.,
information bureau, planning a central
welfare secretariat for all social work
Govt. of West Bengal,
organizations, initiating social legisla-
tion and so on.
5. Shri K. A. Gafoor,
In pursuit of this object, the Central
Director, Department of Social Executive Committee of the ICSW, at its
Services, Govt. of Hyderabad,
meeting in Lucknow last December, set up a
Sub-Committee to forge better links with
For the first time in the history of the other all-India social welfare organizations.
ICSW, the mid-yearly CEC meeting was held The Sub-Committee comprised of Dr. Jivraj
outside Bombay. This precedent was broken N. Mehta (Chairman),
Smt. Hannah Sen
since many members had felt for some time and Shri M. S. Gore (Convenor).
that meetings of the CEC should be held in
different parts of India in order to mobilize
As a first step in this direction, a meeting
public interest all over the country in the of representatives of all-India social welfare
work of the ICSW. The meeting was held organizations located in Delhi was held on
at New Delhi on 9th April 1955, and mustered April 10, 1955. It was suggested there that
a large attendance which was very a Committee for Inter-Agency Co-operation
appointed by the ICSW, should undertake
co-ordination work at the outset. It was also
Two CEC Meetings will be held at the time felt that exchange of publications and invita-
of the Bangalore Session—the first of these tions to all-India agencies to participate in
will be on December 27, 1955, and the second each other's conferences and executive com-
on December 31, 1955.
mittees should be encouraged.
Liaison with Other All-India Social Welfare
The ICSW, with its eight years of
This year, we have published the entire
experience in the field of social welfare in proceedings of our Seventh Annual Confe-
India, has come to the conclusion that liaison rence, held at Lucknow last year, in the
with other all-India social welfare agencies March (1955) issue of the Indian Journal of
is extremely desirable and necessary for the Social Work.
We have also brought out two
issues (June and December 1955) of the
1. To foster closer co-operation among ICSW Bulletin.
We fervently hope more of
national social welfare organizations. our members and delegates will subscribe
2. To create a business forum for dis-
regularly to this six-monthly bulletin, for that
cussion of common problems facing would enable us to make it a quarterly! Then
all-India social welfare agencies.
too, we have published two Sub-Committee
3. To eliminate overlapping and dupli-
Reports—the one on "Minimum Standards
cation of effort, in short, to co-ordinate for Child-Care Institutions in India"; the
and promote social work in India.
other on "Family Planning and Social
ANNUAL REPORT 2 3 1
Welfare"—as well as the Recommendations
Prof. A. R. Wadia, M.P., and Director,
and the complete Report of the Seminar on Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Bombay,
Gasteism and Removal of Untouchability.
was appointed the Director of the Seminar.
He was mainly responsible for the preliminary
The South-East Asia Regional Office, work in connection with the Seminar. Un-
International Conference of Social Work, fortunately, he fell seriously ill a week before
which works in conjunction with the Indian the Seminar began and was thus prevented
Conference of Social Work, has recently from guiding its deliberations. In his stead,
published "Self-Help in Social Welfare"— Dr. M. N. Srinivas, Head of the Department
Proceedings of the Seventh International
of Sociology University of Baroda, steered the
Conference of Social Work,
Toronto, 1954. deliberations during the Seminar Week very
This volume has been edited by Smt. Gulestan ably.
R. B. Billimoria and Smt. Shirin Dastur Patel.
Seminar on Casteism and Removal of Un-
Shri P. L. Majmudar, President, Gujarat
Harijan Sevak Sangh, acted as the Associate
Director, and Dr. I. P. Desai, Reader in
With the independence of the country, new Sociology, University of Baroda, as the
forces of national development have been Seminar Recorder.
released and we have become more keenly
aware of the sentiments that foster narrow
The participants were limited to experts on
sectional loyalties and injustices, which divide various aspects of the problem, including
our social life. Casteism and Untouchability sociologists, psychologists, educationists, eco-
are two of the main obstacles to social pro-
nomists, legal experts and social workers.
gress. Though these institutions have existed Representatives of the Harijan Sevak Sangh,
for centuries and many laudable efforts have other scheduled classes' organizations, the
been made from time to time to eradicate Post-graduate Schools of Social Work and the
these evils, their pernicious effect seems to be Central and State Governments also parti-
more prevalent in recent years. It is obvious cipated in the deliberations of the Seminar.
that disrupting forces cannot be allowed to Altogether, there were approximately 45
continue, if we have to build a truly demo-
participants and this small compact body was
cratic, Welfare State enshrined in our very conducive to a friendly, informal atmos-
phere. The papers contributed as well as the
Hence it was that the ICSW planned and discussions that arose from each of these
organized a Seminar on Casteism and papers were of a relatively high order. The
Removal of Untouchability at Delhi from publicity received by the Seminar was
September 26 to October 2 this year. The excellent, and this was made possible through
purpose of the Seminar was to discuss the the unstinted co-operation given to us by the
topic of Casteism and Removal of Untouch-
Ministry of Information and Broadcasting,
ability from the social, economic, educational
Government of India.
psychological, legal, political and welfare
angles. We hoped to analyse the problem,
Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, Vice-President of
evaluate existing efforts to meet this problem India, set the ball rolling with a brilliant
as well as to formulate concrete suggestions Inaugural Address and Pandit Govind
for the eradication of the twin evils within a Ballabh Pant rounded off the Seminar with a
given period of time.
sober, thought-provoking, concluding speech.
232 ANNUAL REPORT
Our first attempt at organizing a National national Conference of Social Work, he
Seminar has, thus, been considered a resound-
inaugurated a Biennial Conference at
ing success. No small part of the credit is due Melbourne organized by the Australian Asso-
to the generous financial aid given us in this ciation of Social Workers in August 1955.*
connection by the Ministry of Home Affairs, During transit, he established useful contacts
Government of India, as well as by the States in Ceylon, Singapore and Thailand. In
of Andhra, Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Delhi, September 1955, he attended an Executive
Hyderabad, Madhya Pradesh, Madras, Committee Meeting of the International
Saurashtra and Uttar Pradesh. (For detailed Conference of Social Work in Athens, Greece.
grants, please refer to the Section Next, he participated in the First Pakistan
"FINANCE" in the latter part of the Conference of Social Work held at Karachi,
in November 1955. Thereafter, he attended
the Third Annual Conference of the All-India
Immediately after the Seminar, we had Labour and Welfare Officers at Nagpur and
1,000 copies of the Seminar conclusions the Meeting of the Advisory Committee for
printed and distributed to various Govern-
Asian Countries on Child Welfare, in Delhi,
ments and voluntary agencies concerned with and also the First Delhi State Conference of
Casteism and Removal of Untouchability. A Social Work, in December this year.
complete, detailed Report of the Seminar
Proceedings has now been published.
Smt. Shirin Dastur Patel, Assistant
Secretary, ICSW, was nominated, at the
Representation at Various Conferences, etc.
beginning of this year, a Member of the
Dr. Jivraj N. Mehta presided over the Bureau of Juvenile Delinquency Statistics and
State Conference organized by the Bihar State Research. This Bureau is conducted by the
Branch, ICSW, at Patna, in July 1955.
Children's Aid Society, Bombay, on the basis
of a grant made to it by the Central Social
Smt. Gulestan R. B. Billimoria, Hon. Gen. Welfare Board. The results of the research
Secretary, attended a meeting of the Advisory undertaken by this Bureau will be published
Board on Social Welfare of the Ministry of shortly.
Education, Government of India, at New
Delhi, on 6th September 1955. At this
Smt. Dastur Patel was also deputed to
meeting, courses were framed for the Indian attend a week's course on "Recreation
Administrative Service, the Indian Foreign Leadership Training" organized jointly by the
Service, and the Indian Police Service.
Tata Institute of Social Sciences, and the
Y.M.C.A. (Bombay). Prof. Harry D. Edgren,
Shri B. Chatterjee, Executive Secretary, a Fulbright Professor of Group Work, directed
ICSW, visited Poona on the Social Welfare this short-term course. She also attended the
Day—February 20, 1955, in connection with Third Convention of the Bharat Sewak Samaj
the organization of a Poona District Branch held at Nagpur from March 11-13, 1955.
of ICSW, in collaboration with the Poona
Co-ordinating Council. He also attended the The Bangalore Session of the ICSW,
Third Tribal Welfare Conference held at
Jagdalpur (M.P.) in March 1955.
The programme of our Eighth Annual
Further, as Assistant Secretary-General, Session at Bangalore is quite varied and will,
South-East Asia Regional Office, Inter-
we hope, cater to the needs and interests of
*The Education Ministry of India Government made a grant of Rs. 3,000 towards the
travel expenses of Shri B. Chatterjee in regard to the Australian trip.
ANNUAL REPORT 2 3 3
all our delegates and observers. Three special
Family and Child Welfare.
Sub-Committees have been appointed to
study, in a thorough and detailed manner, Meeting of Teachers of Schools of Social
"A National Child-Care Code", "A Model
Department of Social Welfare at the State-
Level" and "Emergency Relief" (including
In order to obviate extra expenditure, time
famines, floods, fires, earthquakes and other and energy, the Tata Institute of Social
disasters). These Sub-Committees began their Sciences, Bombay, and the ICSW will be
work some time ago with the objects of organizing, during the Bangalore Session, a
presenting authentic memoranda on their meeting of Teachers of Schools of Social
respective subjects at the Bangalore Session. Work in India to discuss training of social
workers at various levels. This is particularly
The Panel Discussion, adjudged a great significant at a time when the demand for
success last year, has been continued once trained social workers at different levels is
again, this time on a different subject, viz.,
ever on the increase.
"Mental Hygiene and Social Welfare".
Then too, we shall be having three
Sectional Meetings which will concern
The regular annual grants towards the
themselves with, (1) "Welfare Projects in work of the Indian Conference of Social
Rural Areas", (2) "Current Problems in Work have unfortunately been very few
Social Welfare", and(3) "Welfare of the indeed as can be seen from the following
Tribals and Other Backward Classes". The statement:
first subject of "Welfare Projects in Rural
Areas" has been specially selected in view
of the growing importance of community
welfare programmes, initiated in rural areas
by the Community Projects Administration
and the Welfare Extension Projects of the
Central Social Welfare Board. Two current
and significant problems have been chosen
for discussion in Section II. viz.,
Problem", and "Legal Aid for the Poor".
Two non-recurring special grants were
Section I I I will be divided into "Welfare received from the Ministry of Education,
of Socially Handicapped Tribes" (formerly Government of India:
known as 'ex-criminal'
tribes) and a discus-
sion on the recent "Seminar on Casteism
A Research Grant
and Removal of Untouchability".
A Grant towards the travel
expenses of the Executive
Aside of these items, we have also planned
Secretary for his visit to Aus-
a number of workshops where social workers,
tralia (in connection with the
working in a particular field, could assemble
Conference of the Austra-
and discuss their problems. The following
lian Association of Social
five fields have been specifically selected:
2 3 4 ANNUAL REPORT
However, a very encouraging response, for
1.: Smt. Hansa Mehta (President).
which we are most grateful, was forthcoming
2. Dr. Jivraj N. Mehta (Ex-officio).
to an appeal for funds towards the expenses
3. Smt. Zarina E. G. Currimbhoy (Hon.
of the Special Seminar on Casteism and
Removal of Untouchability. The grants are
4. Prof. A. R. Wadia.
5. Prof. R. D. Choksi.
6. Shri L. S. Kudchedkar.
7. Shri N. F. Kaikobad.
8. Smt. Gulestan R. B. Billimoria (Hon.
9. Shri B. Chatterjee, Executive Secre-
10. Smt. Shirin Dastur Patel, Assistant
Four meetings of the Working Committee
were held during the year—the first on
February 2nd, 1955, the second on June 2nd,
1955, the third on July 26, 1955, and the
fourth on December 13, 1955.
As the President was stationed out of
Bombay, a Sub-Committee with Dr. Mehta
[For detailed financial statements, please as Chairman, and Smt. Billimoria, Smt.
see pages 18-19.]
Zarina Currimbhoy, and Prof. R. D. Choksi
Staff and Establishment
as members was appointed to attend to any
urgent matters that needed instant decisions.
The Office of the ICSW is still located Needless to say, these were subject to
in the Government Hutments, 6/A, Coope-
confirmation by the President.
rage, Bombay, in spite of our best efforts
to get suitable accommodation elsewhere.
Smt. Hansa Mehta, our President, has
There has been no change as far as the rendered us considerable help during our
staff of the Central Office of the ICSW is work throughout the year, and for that we
concerned. Shri R. G. Bapat, our Accounts are very grateful to her. Our gratitude is
Clerk, has, however, been deputed to attend equally heartfelt to Dr. Jivraj N. Mehta, who,
one year's Librarianship course conducted in his inimitable way, has guided and sup-
by the Bombay University. On completion ported us at every turn. Our thanks are
of this course, Shri R. G. Bapat will attend also due to the members of the Cenrtal
to our expanding Library and Reading Room Executive and Working Committees, who
in addition to his other duties. Our peon, travel up and down the country to attend
Shri C. K. Karunakaran, has recently passed various meetings and take a keen interest in
S.S.C. Examination in the Second Division. the development of our organization. We
The Working Committee
are deeply appreciative of the timely financial
A Working Committee, comprising of the aid rendered us by the various Governments.
following members, was appointed at the We are also thankful to Shri M. J. Gazdar,
beginning of the year:
our Hon. Constitutional Referee, to our Hon.
ANNUAL REPORT 2 3 5
Auditors—Messrs. P. C. Hansotia & Co., to Secretaries, Shri A. N. Ram Rao and
our office-bearers, our colleagues at the Shri V. R. Ruthnam, as well as other mem-
Central Office and to every single member bers of its Executive Committee. To Shri
of the ICSW for his or her sustained interest T. Siddalingaiya, Chairman, and the
and enthusiasm during the year.
members and volunteers of the Reception
Committee, we are deeply indebted for the
Finally, our hearty thanks are due to the excellent work they have put in towards the
Mysore State Branch, its Chairman, Shri T. organization of hospitality arrangements for
Singaravelu Mudaliar, its hard-worked our Eighth Annual Session at Bangalore.
The Bombay Public Trusts Act,
1950, Registered No.
Name of the Public Trust: INDIAN
Income and Expenditure Account
ANNUAL REPORT 2 3 7