TATA INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES ANNUAL REPORT Fifty-Fourth...
TATA INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
Chairman, Mr. J.J. Bhabha, Chief Guest, Dr. M.G.K. Menon, Students, Faculty, Staff
It is my pleasure to present the annual report of the fifty-eighth academic year of the
Institute, a year that has seen an increasing number of responsibilities and activities.
The major responsibilities of the Institute — teaching, research, short-term training,
field action and documentation/dissemination — have been actively pursued and
continued from the previous year, with newer dimensions added during the current
Bharat Ratna, the late J.R.D. Tata, Chairman, Holding Trustees, Tata Institute of
It is with deep sorrow that we record the passing away of Bharat Ratna J.R.D. Tata,
for many years the Chairman of our Holding Trustees, who touched the lives of so
many in diverse ways and became a legend in his own life time. He upheld values
which our Institute, committed to training personnel to serve people as social
workers, personnel managers, health professionals, teachers and researchers,
would cherish and wish to nurture: humility that we do not know everything and we
have a lot to learn from even those whom we wish to serve; humaneness in our
dealings with others; integrity and a life which is based on sterling values and
principles; a sense of humour and quick repartee that lighten the burden of life;
caring attitude for others, consciousness of our responsibility to society; a noncom-
munal outlook and a deep loyalty to the country of which he was a citizen and to
which he contributed so greatly.
Mr. J.R.D. Tata gave a lot of support to the Institute and was very confident of its
capacities. He had endowed three scholarships on a need-cum-merit basis for the
three social work departments: Family and Child Welfare, Medical and Psychiatric
Social Work and Urban and Rural Community Development. As the Chairman of
the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust, he readily concurred with Mr. J.J. Bhabha, the Managing
Trustee and our Board Chairman, to meet our request for donating Rs. 20 lakhs to
the Institute to be used as a revolving fund, to soften the impact of inadequate cash
flow, due to the irregular receipt of funds from the University Grants Commission.
During his period as Chairman of the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust and our Holding Trustee,
we also received Rs. 30 lakhs towards the construction of the library and Rs. 5 lakhs
for construction on the Rural Campus. As Chairman of the Tata Relief Committee,
Mr. Tata released Rs. 38.25 lakhs for the riot relief work. The last meeting he
attended in Bombay House, before he left on a trip overseas, was for earthquake
relief where his inquiring mind was keen to understand the factors which led to such
434 Director's Report
a horrendous loss of life. His concern immediately went out to people whom he had
never seen and, possibly, an area he had never visited. The board room was
overflowing with the many representatives of the various companies in the Tata
Group, showing the same spirit of concern and readiness to help, which has
permeated the entire Tata ethos. J.R.D. Tata, and his illustrious forebear, Jamshetji
Tata, were not only captains of industry who created wealth, they were committed
to using it in the service of others — for education, welfare and amelioration of
About two years before he passed away, he sold off the property he owned at Pedder
Road, a flat in an affluent neighbourhood, and used the proceeds to set up a Trust
to reflect his belief that only the improvement in the status of women can make them
control those factors which impact on their lives, including the number of children
they want. To that end, he set up the J.R.D. and Thelma Tata Trust in the name of
himself and his wife. One of the first beneficiaries of the Trust was our Rural Campus.
An amount of Rs. 6 lakhs were donated for the involvement of women in watershed
development and, through it, to develop their economic and social status as equal
partners with men in the development of their village community. He also helped
our Department of Family and Child Welfare with their fund raising programmes for
the welfare agencies, and would be even present on the occasion, when his wife,
Thelma Tata, was the Chairperson of the Committee.
Mr. Tata was a great visionary. He was far ahead of his times. We have much to
learn from the life of this great man who was like a patriarch to the Tata family of
companies and the many trusts and institutions he helped to create.
On his death on November 29, 1993 last year, we, at the Tata Institute of Social
Sciences, passed a resolution at the condolence meeting held on December 3,
1993. The Institute faculty, staff and students assembled prayed to grant* the
bereaved family members and all the employees of the Tata family, strength to bear
the irreparable loss with courage and fortitude. May his soul rest in peace.
Degree/Diploma/Certificate Course Enrolment
There were 388 students enrolled in various degree, diploma and certificate pro-
grammes for the academic year 1993-94. The number increased by 27 since the
The enrolment for the M.A. degree programme was 255 students; 26 dropped out,
resulting in a student body of 229, of whom, 172 studied for the M.A. degree in Social
Work and 57 in Personnel Management and Industrial Relations. The students came
from 19 States of India and one student came from Germany. Out of the total number
of students in the M.A. programmes, 161 students (70 percent) stayed in the hostels.
Women students formed 69 per cent (158) of the student body and men students
were 31 percent (71).
Our Ph.D. programme has 66 scholars, of whom 51 are on part-time. There are 21
scholars registered for Ph.D. in Social Work and 45 in the Social Sciences. The
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scholars came from 11 States and 1 Union Territory; 1 student was from Sudan.
There were 19 students doing their M.Phil., of whom, 14 were part-time scholars.
Six students registered for M.Phil. in Social Work and 13 in the Social Sciences;
they were from 11 States and one Union Territory.
Two one-semester Certificate Courses are conducted at the Institute. For the
Certificate Course in Research Methodology, 9 scholars registered (2 men and 7
women), and for the Certificate Course in Social Welfare Administration, 11
candidates enrolled, out of whom 9 were deputed by welfare organisations. For the
three part-time Extra Mural Studies programmes, 52 students (44 men and 8
women) were enrolled — 19 students joined the Diploma in Hospital Administra-
tion, 28 joined the Diploma in Personnel Management and 5 joined the Certificate
in Social Work.
In the Department of Criminology and Correctional Administration two
courses were revised and amalgamated with a view to weed out overlapping among
courses. The revised and amalgamated course is known as 'Probation, Parole and
Aftercare'. A new syllabus, 'Communication in the Criminal Justice System' was
developed to introduce it as a specialisation course in Criminology and Correctional
Administration. This course aims to provide basic knowledge of communication in
the context of work in the criminal justice system and to develop attitudes and skills
for effective interpersonal communication.
A new course entitled 'Health Management for Social Workers' was introduced by
the Department of Medical and Psychiatric Social Work.
This was introduced to cater
to the present need for training our students for a knowledge of and skills in
management of NGOs work in the field of health. Formerly, the course was titled
'Organisation and Administration of Medical and Psychiatric Social Work' which
tended to focus mainly on the hospital system. The new course focuses on a wider
range of health service systems, including primary health care management —
urban and rural. 'Problems of the Disabled' was a course which was taught for
several years. In the evaluation, students had been giving the feedback that the
concepts were overlapping with those in the course on 'Social Aspects of Illness
and Disability' and hence, should be integrated with that course. It was thus felt that
there was a need to drop the course for a year or two and to devise another one on
disability in keeping with the new thinking in the field such as prevention of disability,
forming self-help associations and groups, advocacy and human rights issues. In
this period, interested students were encouraged to take the subject on working with
the families of the disabled offered by the Department of Family and Child Welfare.
The credit hours for the specialisation course 'Seminar on Advanced Psychiatry'
were increased to 4 hours, an amendment made in deference to the students' plea
that they were spending an entire morning for the subject, being graded for
presentations, attendance and assignments. Two students from the Department of
436 Director's Report
Family and Child Welfare opted for three specialisation courses in Medical and
Psychiatric Social Work totalling 6 credits.
A new Part-time Certificate in Social Work was commenced by the Department of
Extra Mural Studies.
Out of 20 students who applied for the course, 17 candidates
attended the interview, out of whom 12 were selected, and 6 students finally joined
the course. The timing of the course was from 2.30 to 5.30 p.m. Concurrent field
work was carried out by the students on Tuesdays and Wednesdays. Apart from
the faculty of the Department, the faculty from the Unit for Child and Youth Research,
Department of Urban and Rural Community Development, Unit for Women's Studies
and Unit for Rural Studies taught courses relevant to their fields of expertise. Field
work was supervised by the Department faculty and, two agency supervisors also
gave their support. Based on the feedback from this small batch of students, the
Department is planning to further clarify its objectives for students, specially with
regard to field work.
The Social Work Education and Practice Cell
introduced a new audit course titled
'Self-awareness, Self-help and Professional Growth' for providing an opportunity to
students to gain self-knowledge, and integrate the personal self with the profes-
An optional course titled 'Computer Application in Social Work' was offered by the
Computer Centre to senior students of Social Work with a view to (a) provide
knowledge about various concepts of Management Information System and com-
puter application in Social Work Practice: (b) demonstrate the available software
packages in social work practice; and (c) provide hands-on training to them on some
of the available packages.
The Ph.D./M.Phil. scholars presented a number of papers in part fulfilment of their
programme. The papers covered issues such as social development and the role
of adult education; the impact of new technology on human relations; an approach
towards job design and work organisation; social work intervention in the field of
maternal and child health in a slum; leadership in human services organisation;
crime prevention strategies; organisational culture and employee commitment: a
comparative study of the perceptions of managers and workers; a review of
concepts in mental health: Indian and western viewpoints; coping behaviour of
families with a schizophrenic member; analysis design in social science research;
methodological review of two books; and the effects of handicap on the subsystems
in the family and the coping methods used.
In the Department of Criminology and Correctional Administration two
placed, for the first time, at the V.T. Railway Police Station and the Byculla District
Prison, in order to study the problems of various categories of children and adults
Director's Report 437
reaching railway police stations, and to identify the possible role of social workers
with these groups.
The Department of Medical and Psychiatric Social Work
placed two students in
Mukti Sadan for the first time this year. The senior student conducted a programme
for volunteers of Mukti Sadan on how to communicate information on HIV/AIDS to
the community. A programme on 'Assertiveness training and resisting peer pres-
sure' for children from a Municipal Corporation school at Jogeshwari was also
organised by the students under faculty guidance. Two students placed at the
Samaritans were actively involved in the volunteer training programme for the
'Sahara' Centre — a helpline to provide telephonic counselling to those who are in
need of emotional and psychological support.
One student was placed at Kripa Foundation for the first time along with two students
from the Department of Criminology and Correctional Administration. They organ-
ised a two day workshop on 'Perspectives in Addiction Counselling'. It brought
together personnel from 15 NGOs who shared their experiences in working with
substance abusers. Students placed at Vartak Nagar Health Post (the Thane School
Health Project) organised immunisation and child health camps in the slum commu-
nities of Thane. They tried to establish a cooperative network between local
mandals, the health post and the Rotary Clubs which resulted in an effective
health/immunisation camp. The students motivated health functionaries at various
levels to work part-time on Sundays, so that the employed people from the
community can avail of the services for themselves and their children. This has been
one of their most outstanding achievements. The student placed at Mahindra and
Mahindra Ltd. organised a week long exhibition on mental health. This enabled the
staff and their families to gain knowledge and clarify doubts. Father Agnel's School,
Vashi, is also a new field work centre.
The students of the Department of Medical and Psychiatric Social Work
an exhibition, with a difference, at the K.E.M. Hospital on February 15. Its focus was
prevention, conducted in an informal manner, through games and competitions. It
also comprised stalls with posters, demonstrations and games on nutrition, child
mental health, addictions, prevention of accidents in the home and prevention of
diseases like cancer and AIDS. A video show and a street play on AIDS prevention
attracted a large crowd.
Efforts were made by a senior student placed for field work in the deaddiction centre
of KEM Hospital to start Yoga sessions for patients in the detoxification phase of
recovery from addiction. The student's contribution consisted of brainstorming with
the treatment team, preparing a proposal and mobilising resources to facilitate
HIV/AIDS Counselling Centre was initiated by the faculty supervisor and the student
social workers of the Department of Medical and Psychiatric Social Work
in the J.J.
Group of Hospitals and Grant Medical College in 1991. During the formative stage,
the pressing need for pre-test and post-test counselling services were felt not only
by doctors and administrators but also by the patient population and their families.
At present, the Centre renders services to 35 to 40 patients per week in the
out-patient department, where counsellors, doctors and nurses play a very vital role
438 Director's Report
in testing (ELISA) for HIV-I, HIV-II, pre-test, post-test counselling and other associ-
ated medical and psychiatric ailments. The Centre also lays great emphasis on
suicide prevention intervention in the HIV infected population by providing suppor-
tive psychotherapy, crisis-intervention and total case management services along
with psychiatric treatment, wherever necessary. The Centre organised various kinds
of out-reach community prevention programmes, such as:
(i) STD and HIV/AIDS Exhibition, street plays and films in the out-patient depart-
(ii) AIDS education programmes in school/colleges and industry;
(iii) AIDS awareness programme in the Government Remand Homes.
The total number of social work organisations utilised as concurrent field work
placements were 81, while 49 were utilised for block field work.
Personnel Management and Industrial Relations
This year 57 organisations were utilised for concurrent field work placements under
the direct supervision of the Department's faculty. For concurrent field work, they
were placed under 57 Personnel Officers or Training Officers who gave on the spot
guidance, while 16 were utilised for block field work.
Extra Mural Programmes
For students in the Diploma in Hospital Administration and in the Diploma in
Personnel Management, a total number of 15 hospitals and 25 industrial organisa-
tions were utilised for field work placements. For supervision in these organisations,
the assistance of personnel officers and hospital administrators was obtained.
For students in Certificate Course in Social Welfare Administration 9 organisa-
tions were utilised and for the Certificate Course in Social Welfare 5 organisations
were utilised. A total of 14 personnel assisted our students.
In the normal academic year study visits/tours are arranged at the end of the first
semester to enable students to have a better experience of the field. This year, due
to the tragic event of the earthquake taking place in September, 1993, it was decided
to cancel study visits/tours. Instead, students' work at the sites of the earthquake
affected were considered as an experience in lieu of the usual tour. Two depart-
ments managed shorter visits later on — The Department of Medical and Psychiatric
went to Ganeshpuri visiting Sevadhan Drug Rehabilitation Centre and
Vidhayuk Sansad at Usgaon and the Department of Urban and Community Devel-
went to Goa accompanied by 5 faculty members. The objective was to
integrate theory and field realities specific to the specialisation courses such as
Development Projects and Social Work Practice; Co-operation; Rural Community
Development and Panchayati Raj; Community Organisation; and its practice cov-
ering social and legal dimensions. The group visited NGOs in the area, the Nylon
Dupont plant, Konkan Railway and activities related to tourism in the State, such as
Director's Report 439
golf courses. Interaction with activists of Bailancho Saad and Peaceful Society
helped focused on women's issues and the social and legal aspects of the nature
of development. The Goa Bagayatdaar Society and a primary level dairy co-opera-
tive demonstrated the role of co-operatives in strengthening the economic activity
of small producers.
EARTHQUAKE RELIEF WORK
The Osmanabad-Latur earthquake of September 30,1993, ravaged over 80 villages
and reduced most of the houses to piles of stone and rubble. It left a large number
of people dead and injured. The dead left behind widows, widowers and orphans to
face the extremely uncertain future ahead. Massive relief and rescue work was
launched by the Government, the Army, the NGOs and the affected people
themselves. Material relief and volunteers for relief work poured into the area, not
only from Maharashtra, but from all over India and the world.
Our own Rural Campus at Tuljapur, located about 40 km from Sastur, swung into
relief work from the morning of September 30. The Rural Campus staff were among
the first to reach the seriously affected villages in Osmanabad. They concentrated
their efforts on distributing whatever relief materials they could mobilise from the
village communities where they had actively been working earlier. In the meantime,
a meeting was held at the Deonar campus of the Institute at Bombay with the
students, staff and faculty, to decide on their involvement in the crisis. A pilot team
of the Director, Deputy Director and faculty left the Deonar Campus on October 3
to explore the role of the Institute in the work of relief and rehabilitation. They also
carried medicines donated by the Tata Relief Committee for the affected people.
After seeing the affected areas, the pilot team felt that, while considerable aid was
pouring in, there was insufficient information for the rehabilitation of the affected
persons. Hence, a census was found necessary of the affected villages to generate
data covering all the parameters for rehabilitation. The office of the Chief Secretary,
Government of Maharashtra, was contacted before departure, and on return, the
Secretary, Relief and Rehabilitation, was appraised of the pilot visit. Encouraging
responses were received from both. Discussions were also held with one of the
Ministers, Mr. Padamsingh Patil, at Osmanabad, the Collectors of Osmanabad and
Latur districts, Mr. Anil Pawar and Mr. Pravin Pardeshi, and Mr. K.S. Sidhu,
Secretary and Special Commissioner, Earthquake Rehabilitation Cell. After receiv-
ing a positive response from all the concerned parties, the pilot team decided to
undertake the following tasks:
1. Conduct a comprehensive survey to assess the impact of the earthquake on
human lives, cattle and property, in order to develop the necessary parameters
for the massive rehabilitation programme.
2. Depute nine faculty members to help the Latur district administration to conduct
the 'panchanama' work in some affected villages, as requested by the Collector,
3. Depute three faculty members to coordinate the activities of the NGOs, from
the Central Coordination Centre at Latur, as requested by the Collector, Mr.
440 Director's Report
4. Assistance in processing the data collected for the Osmanabad district by the
Collector, Mr. Anil Pawar, and preparing the report, on his request.
Tasks 2 and 3 were rapidly completed within a fortnight between October 8 and 24,
1993. The first task, the survey, was completed on November 2, and Task 4 by
November 6, 1993.
The Survey of the Joint Action Group of Institutes for Social Work Education
The basic objective of the survey was to create an independent data base,
accessible to all organisations including the Government, to plan and effect
adequate resettlement and rehabilitation of the affected people. These data could
also be used for monitoring and evaluation of resettlement and rehabilitation at later
The selection of the villages for the survey was guided by the statistical data of the
Government of Maharashtra. Immediately after the earthquake, the Government
divided the affected villages into three categories for relief and rehabilitation activi-
ties, on the basis of extent of loss of human lives and damage to houses. The
(i) Category 'A': Village which had five or more deaths and complete destruction
(ii) Category 'B': Villages which had less than five deaths and more than 50% of
the houses damaged.
(iii) Category 'C: Villages which had no deaths and less than 50% of the houses
Policy statements by the Chief Minister and high level officials indicated that all the
villages in Category 'A' and "most in Category 'B' would be shifted to a new area
close to the original village. Since the people in the first two categories had suffered
serious loss of life and property, the activities of resettlement, rehabilitation and
development would be concentrated on them. Thus, the Institute decided to cover
all the households in the survey, in 69 villages placed under Categories 'A' and 'B'.
To initiate the survey, money had to be obtained to undertake the work. The Institute
received strong support from the Tata Relief Committee (TRC). TRC instantane-
ously granted Rs. 5 lakhs to commence the survey. The Indo-German Social Service
Society gave Rs. 50,000. TELCO, Pune, sent three buses for the transportation of
the volunteers to the villages from the base camp at the Rural Campus (TISS),
Tuljapur. CARE-lndia provided six jeeps (with drivers) to facilitate the movement of
the survey team leaders between villages allocated to them. CARE also bore the
entire cost of fuel, repairs and drivers' dearness allowances and overtime. They also
provided funds to hire a few matadors for the movement of the survey groups to
interior settlements where the larger buses could not reach. Titan Industries,
Bangalore, lent a car and a driver and a computer, and provided a grant of Rs. 1
lakh, out of which a fax machine was instantly installed at a cost of Rs. 25,000/- as
part of back up services for the entire operations, while Rs. 75,000/- were allocated
to Rajegaon village for relief. New equipment for the school was purchased and
Director's Report 441
seeds and pesticides were distributed to the farmers to start their agricultural
operations. (Rajegaon was allocated by the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Mr.
Sharad Pawar, to the Tata Relief Committee for the physical rehabilitation of the
village through construction of houses and infrastructure. Activities were initiated in
the village simultaneously during the period of the survey.) The Tata Consultancy
Services (TCS) provided funds to hire a number of computers at the Deonar Campus
for data processing. The survey work and the subsequent analysis of data would
not have been possible without the contributions made by these organisations and
the positive response of those who head them.
The survey work required professional skills to conduct the household interviews
and group discussions in a difficult and demanding situation in the villages. There-
fore, the Institute decided to utilise its post-graduate students and postponed the
semester examinations to December, thereby relieving the students, the faculty, and
the staff from administration, projects, library and service staff for the survey work.
Two hundred students, 74 faculty members and 67 administrative and project staff
volunteered to go to the affected areas for the survey work. The College of Social
Work, Nirmala Niketan (affiliated to Bombay University), readily agreed to mobilise
its students and faculty for the survey work. A total number of 149 students, 15
faculty and 11 other staff joined the TISS team. At a short notice of five days, the
first batch of 245 students, 56 faculty and other 45 administrative and project staff
were prepared to leave for the field from both these institutions. The College of Social
Work also mobilised another 57 professional staff from institutions associated with
it, many of whom joined the second survey team. The Walchand College of Social
Work, Solapur, and the Tripude College of Social Work, Nagpur, agreed to send
their Social Work faculty and students for the second batch. The Terna College at
Osmanabad, deputed its NSS students to join the survey work. Lastly, six volunteers
from Herdillia Chemicals, and one volunteer from the State Bank of India, also joined
the survey team. We were, indeed, overwhelmed by the splendid response of all those
who participated with great seriousness of purpose. No one complained of long hours
of work and limited facilities. The survey teams left the base camp for the villages by
7.30 a.m. and returned after 6.30 p.m. They worked well into the night checking and
finalising the survey forms with the team leaders. A central committee of students,
faculty and staff managed the requirements of the camp.
In Bombay, NSS volunteers from a number of colleges were mobilised by our NSS
Training, Orientation and Research Centre (NSS Unit) for computer data entry and the
checking of the schedules. The colleges which participated were the Smt. M.M.P. Shah
Women's College of Arts and Commerce, Matunga, and M.D. Shah Mahila College of
Arts and Commerce, Malad, both affiliated to the SNDT University. P.D. Doshi College,
Ghatkopar; Jhunjhunwala College, and Vivekananda Engineering College, Chembur,
all affiliated to the University of Bombay, deputed their students for data entry work. The
students and faculty of the Tata Institute of Social Sciences and the College of Social
Work, Nirmala Niketan, and stenographers and typists of the Institute, were also
engaged in the data entry and checking work. The survey staff from all institutions
specified above gave their time free of cost. A team of students shuttled between
Bombay-Tuljapur-Bombay to bring batches of the schedules as they were getting
printed and returning the completed ones for data processing. The Central Team at
the camp checked all the forms before they were despatched.
442 Director's Report
Enthusiastic and committed young men and women, along with their teachers and
other staff from all these institutions, worked with great commitment to make the
survey possible. We take this opportunity to acknowledge the contribution of so
many who responded to the appeal for undertaking this stupendous task in which
34,446 households, covering a population of 1,70,955 were covered.
The survey work started on October 14,1993, two weeks after the earthquake when
people were mostly settled in transit accommodation, and it was completed by
November 2, one month after the earthquake. A small group of survey staff stayed
back in the area up to the end of December, 1993, to recheck certain data. For
instance, the lists of deaths and injuries were sent to the villages for validation as
soon as the analysis for each village was completed. Some parallel inquiries, along
with the survey, were also undertaken. This included (1) a rapid survey of widows
and orphans as the Department of Women and Child Welfare, Government of
Maharashtra, wanted an immediate feedback; (2) survey of the medical and mental
health situation, and (3) survey of the aged affected by the earthquake.
Data entry and checking were completed by the end of November and, thereafter,
the tabulation of the data commenced. The results were being continuously sent to
the Government, the NGOs, and other interest groups working with the people. The
final statistical tables for individual villages, and the district as a whole, were made
available to the Government and the NGOs by mid-December 1993.
There are two types of end products of the survey:
1. The final comprehensive report.
2. Village specific data reports.
This massive effort will be meaningful as the data are utilised for rehabilitation.
Already, the data have been utilised by the Government of Maharashtra, the World
Bank and several international and Indian NGOs. We dedicate our entire work to
the earthquake affected people in the hope that it is one of the facilitating factors in
the final rehabilitation process.
Support for NGO-Government Collaboration for Relief and Rehabilitation
The Collectors of Osmanabad and Latur requested assistance to coordinate with
the NGOs in their earthquake affected areas. The services of Mr. Sanjay Ingle,
Lecturer, Rural Studies Unit, have been made available since November 1993 to
assist in organising meetings and facilitating the work of some 46 NGOs in the two
areas. His work has helped towards a more systematic approach to collaboration
between the Government and NGOs. CARE has offered a jeep to facilitate the
movement. A few workshops have been held for the NGOs.
STUDENT SERVICES CELL
To promote the special interests of the students in the reserved category, the
Institute had set up a Student Services Cell in August 1986, with financial assistance
from the Ministry of Welfare, Government of India. Since inception, the Cell has been
providing special inputs in areas where the students experience difficulties — inputs
such as the pre-selection and post-selection orientation programme for the new
Director's Report 443
candidates, briefing them about course requirements, tests, campus life, and such
other general information, assisting them in their daily studies, in the use of the
library, giving them need based tutorials and remedial courses in Special English,
and generally help their smooth integration into the mainstream of activities. Post
Matric Scholarships and other financial assistance were coordinated by the Cell for
SC/ST students. Through individual counselling and small group intervention, the
Cell encouraged and facilitated them to take active part in all curricular and
co-curricular activities of the Institute.
Sixty-two, out of 229 students, enrolled in the M.A. degree programmes belonged
to the reserved category (27 per cent). Of these, 38 students receive Government
of India Post Matric Scholarships to meet their expenses on tuition fee and. other
educational expenses. To cover the deficit in the Post Matric Scholarship, the
Institute advances additional funds out of its unassigned grants to help these
scholars to meet all expenses required for the degree programme. On an average
the Institute spends Rs. 13,120/- per SC/ST student, which is 67 per cent of the total
required by them. In certain cases, some State Governments have defaulted
altogether in paying their share. Last year (1992-93), the total expenditure on SC/ST
students was Rs. 4,46,090/- (including conveyance paid to all SC/ST candidates for
appearing in the entrance test), whereas the contributions from the Government
were Rs. 91,606/-.
The Cell also conducted four workshops: a ten hour workshop on 'Methods of
Learning', another ten hour workshop on Hindi spread over four weekends in the
first semester, and two workshops on 'How to select a job' and 'How to face an
Interview'. Through the job assistance scheme, the Cell found jobs for all the
students of the 1992-93 batch.
EIGHTH PLAN: NEW ACADEMIC PROGRAMMES
Social Work Education and Practice Cell
The establishment of the Social Work Education and Practice Cell in 1992 has
provided the base to systematically contribute and integrate the efforts for developing
social work education in the country. The identified functions of the Cell have been
curriculum building, indigenisation, preparing teaching-learning tools, acting as a
resource centre and providing consultancy to other centres of social work education.
In its tasks, the Cell is supported by faculty seconded by the Departments and Units
of the Institute. The Cell houses the activities of the Nodal Centre (Academic Staff
College) to offer refresher courses to social work educators through a UGC
A national workshop titled 'Social Work Practice and Teaching', conducted by the
Cell in May 1993, provided a platform for social work educators to deliberate on the
core area of the curriculum which needs strengthening. This workshop became
instrumental in rejuvenating the national association, the Indian Association of
Schools of Social Work. In November 1993, the Ceil provided the leadership in
hosting the Twenty Years' Celebration Conference of the Asian and Pacific Asso-
444 Director's Report
elation of Social Work Education. As a member country of the region, it was after
sixteen years that the conference returned to India.
Department of Health Services Studies
The Department of Health Services Studies started two Master's Degree Pro-
grammes from December 1, 1994. They are: (1) Master's Degree in Health Admini-
stration (MHA) and (2) Master's Degree in Hospital Administration (MHA). These
two programmes are meant for working administrators in the health sector and they
have been planned in such a way that the candidates can, with flexibility, take
advantage of the training programmes during their working life. Each semester is
divided into four modules of one month each. If a candidate spends one month in
the Institute, he/she will accumulate at least six credits. Working persons can
accumulate at least credits by making use of their annual leave, if they cannot avail
of continuous study leave. They will be able to complete the programme over a
period of five years, instead of the normal two year period. The programmes are
also organised in a step ladder fashion: that is, if students complete one semester,
they will be awarded a Certificate in Health/Hospital Administration (CHA). If they
complete two semesters (one year), they will be awarded a Diploma in Health/Hos-
pital Administration (DHA). When they complete the whole programme (four semes-
ters or two years), they will be awarded the Master's Degree in Health/Hospital
Administration (MHA). Therefore, even if a student drops out in the middle of the
programme due to unavoidable circumstances, he/she will have some qualification
to his/her credit. All the students have common courses in management and social
science in the first year, followed by specialisation courses in health administration
or hospital administration as the case may be, in the second year.
One hundred and twenty seven applications were received and 119 applicants were
called for selection tests, which included a written test, group discussion and an
interview. Ten candidates were selected for the Health Administration programme
and fifteen candidates were selected for the Hospital Administration programme. A
majority of the students are medical graduates, while the rest comprised of a
graduate each in nursing, nutrition, and commerce; a health care consultant, and a
marketing executive. The students come from all parts of the country. There are
candidates sponsored by the central and state governments and a public sector
In terms of resources, study materials have been prepared by the Department
faculty and resource persons have been drawn from other Departments of the
Institute as well as from institutions outside, mainly practitioners, who also teach in
these programmes. In terms of facilities, while the library has been strengthened to
provide support to these additional courses, hostel facilities remain inadequate.
Hopefully, these problems will be reduced with the new construction of hostel
buildings sanctioned by the UGC in our Eighth Plan budget.
The new training programmes have started and all efforts are channelised towards
infusing professionalism in the management of health services in the country.
Director's Report 445
Centre for Health Studies
The Centre for Health Studies was established by a grant from the Ford Foundation
to increase interdisciplinary work in the area of health related to training, research
and field action projects. The faculty across several teaching departments and
research units are involved in health related work.
The Centre started functioning from April 1, 1994. During the year, it undertook a
faculty development programme in the area of qualitative research methods,
organised in collaboration with the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Balti-
more, U.S.A. The programme was attended by 12 faculty members of TISS and 3
of the M.S. University of Baroda. Under its budget allocation of Rs. 50,000/- for
promoting research, three proposals were received this year. The subjects are
adolescent health, health of the aged and utilisation of maternal and child health
care. A Documentation Cell has been established.
Training in Social Development for Front-line Workers
This action project begun last year has proceeded into the first stage of fact finding
since the appointment of a full-time social worker in September, 1993. The proposed
strategy is to make a thorough study of the existing training and employment
situation of front-line workers. This involves studying the current training pro-
grammes being offered, interviewing organisations, employing such workers, and
lastly, interviewing the workers themselves. A study of the current training pro-
gramme has been completed resulting in a qualitative report, now being drafted. At
the end of the third stage, a regional seminar of schools of social work as well as of
NGOs involved with the training of front-line workers is proposed. The time frame
is two years. This Project is also supported through Institute funds.
This year, 96 seminars/workshops/training programmes were conducted by the
faculty and students. Resource persons were invited from international, national and
local organisations. This area of activity is increasingly becoming a central avenue
for not only exchange of ideas among faculty but also dissemination of information
among target groups with whom the Institute has been working during the year.
Among the major and national level seminars/workshops conducted at the Institute
were the following: The 20 Years Celebration Conference of Asian Pacific Associa-
tion for Social Work Education; National Consultation on Developing Perspectives
for the AIDS Cell sponsored by Ford Foundation; Workshop on Sexual Aspects of
AIDS sponsored by Ford Foundation/Johns Hopkins University; Meeting on the
International Year of the Family sponsored by Ministry of Social Welfare; and India's
Role in the Formulation and Implementation of the United Nations Mandates: Focus
on Children sponsored by UNICEF.
Refresher Courses for IAS/IPS Officers, sponsored by the respective Ministries, the
Annual Conference of the Indian Society of Criminology; RELATE programme on
marriage counselling sponsored by the British Council, Workshop on Sex Education
for School Counsellors sponsored by the Family Planning Association of India;
446 Director's Report
National Workshop on Local Level Institution Building for NGOs sponsored by
OXFAM, Basic Training in Community Health sponsored by ALERT India; Youth
Workshop in Health Education sponsored by WHO, a number of seminars and
workshops for personnel involved in National Social Services sponsored by the
Department of Youth Affairs, Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India,
Employee Development Programme sponsored by the City Industrial Development
Corporation (CIDCO), programmes on health for the Department of Atomic Energy,
and New Bombay Municipal Corporation.
Foreign agencies who funded the seminars/workshops at the Institute were the Ford
Foundation, UNICEF, Johns Hopkins University, OXFAM, British Council, Overseas
Development Assistance (UK) and the International Centre for Research on
This year a number of industrial organisations came forward with requests for
conducting appropriate seminars/workshops for target groups identified by them and
our faculty jointly. Among such private organisations are Merind India, and T.I.
Cycles. The voluntary organisations who requested for and sponsored semi-
nar/workshops at the Institute were the following: Bombay Institute for the Deaf,
Maneckji and Cooper Trust, Our Lady Home, Dr. P.B. Mandlik Trust, Vinimay, Stree
Chetna (Chembur), Rural Labour Association, SWADHAR, APNALAYA, Yashwan-
trao Chavan Prathishtan, Mumbai Shramik Sangh, Epidemiology and Health Man-
agement, Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya, CORO, Lions-Quest India,
and among private schools Chembur Karnataka School and Loyala High School.
We are most grateful to all the funding organisations for availing of our Institute
capability and experience and supporting with financial assistance.
RESEARCH AND REPORTS
Altogether 8 Research Units, 9 Departments, 4 Resource Units and 3 Resource
Cells undertook a total of 120 research projects during 1993-94. Interdepartmental
research was on the rise and sixteen projects were undertaken in collaboration, as
against last year's ten. While seven old projects were ongoing this year, 9 new
projects were commenced this year on the following themes: Resettlement and
rehabilitation of people affected by development projects; evaluation of forestry;
women in the minute sector; a study of socio economic, political and demographic
factors affecting the 1992-93 riots in Bombay; management and evaluation of the
Consumer Guidance Society of India; field perceptions of social group work prac-
tices; women's experience of mental cruelty in the marriage context; demographic
and socio-economic study of the households affected by a Super Thermal Power
Project; and assessment of community participation potential.
The total number of research projects undertaken by the departments/units of the
Institute were. 120, both joint and independent projects, of which 39 were new
projects started this year, 68 were carried over from last year, and 13 fresh proposals
were submitted for sanction.
International/foreign organisations funded 36 projects, the Institute funded 33, the
Central Government 24, the State Government 16, private organisations 7, and 4
Director's Report 447
projects received combined funding of international organisations with Central and
State Governments. The international/foreign organisations that contributed finan-
cial assistance for research projects were the Ford Foundation, UN ESCAP, WHO,
UNICRI, International Centre for Research on Women (Washington), Indo-Dutch
Research Programme, USAID, Institute of Social Sciences (The Hague), Interna-
tional Round Table for the Advancement of Counselling, The London School of
Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, World Bank, Aga Khan Educational Services,
UNICEF, and Overseas Development Assistance (U.K.).
The Department of Health Services Studies
has undertaken research in the areas
of urban health and women's health. It worked for the New Bombay Municipal
Corporation to provide them with baseline data to implement the maternal and child
health and family planning programmes. Urban health research also included a
study on various urban primary health care models available in a few big cities. The
Department's research study on the sexuality of the urban slum women continued
this year also and this has implications for developing health education programmes
to bring behavioural changes for the prevention of STD and HIV/AIDS.
The Unit for Research in the Sociology of Education
focused on adult and non-formal
education and on inequality in education. The research project on the Shramik
Vidyapeeths or the Polyvalent Adult Education Centres was a national level evalu-
ation study, commissioned by the Government of India and financed by the UNICEF.
It covered all the 37 existing Shramik Vidyapeeths in the country. The Unit has also
been involved in formulating the action plan for the Shramik Vidyapeeths based on
the report of the evaluation submitted to the Government of India. The Unit also
continued to conduct the external evaluation of the Total Literacy Campaign for the
National Literacy Mission, Government of India. The Total Literacy Campaign in
three districts of Maharashtra — Latur, Nanded and Ratnagiri — and Goa was
taken up for evaluation during the year. While the report of the evaluation of the
Total Literacy in Latur has been completed, the process of evaluation is at different
stages in the others. Under the theme of inequality in education, a small research
project is being conducted with the objective of identifying the nature and extent of
educational inequality existing within the different groups of the scheduled castes.
As a part of its involvement in international collaborative research, the Unit for Urban
participated in the Workshop on Networking of Institutes of Human Settle-
ments in the Asia-Pacific Region held in New Delhi and also in the international
workshop on the Urban Community-based Environmental Management in Asia held
in Hong Kong. These workshops were sponsored by international agencies like the
UN ESCAP, and the East-West Center, U.S.A. The major thrust areas of research in
the Unit have been on urban poverty, alternative models of development, displacement,
quality of life, right to shelter, and environment. This year, new projects included urban
riots, development of small and medium towns, health status of the urban aged, and
preparation of long term development strategy for the Singrauli region in Northern India.
Some of these projects have been sponsored by national agencies like the National
Thermal Power Corporation and international agencies such as the World Bank and
448 Director's Report
The Unit for Family Studies
undertook research on the intellectual and psycho-social
development of adopted children in India and the Netherlands; the development of
adoption in India: a case study; household and community responses to HIV/AIDS;
and rural adolescents' perspective and future projection of family systems.
The Drought Alleviation Programme started off with land surveys and earthworks in
three villages. The visible impact of this work, immediately after the monsoons in
July, generated enthusiasm among the villagers who wanted to increase the
coverage. Efforts are being made to involve women extensively in the work.
Women's groups have been formed in all the three villages. They have undertaken
activities based on the land and water development programmes — plant nurseries,
fisheries, sericulture, kitchen gardening and horticulture. The women are also being
encouraged to save regularly. Each village is planned to be the focus for spreading
these activities in the adjacent villages. Hence, the villages are located in different
areas of the block (taluka). The Government has sanctioned funds for land and water
development in a fourth village under the Jalsandharan Scheme.
Literacy is essential for the purpose of maintaining daily records and accounts for
the various activities. As the District Literacy Campaign was interrupted by the
earthquake rehabilitation, kits were obtained from Parbhani and classes for women
were initiated. Dialogue has been initiated with women gram panchayat members,
Anganwadi workers and community health workers to initiate health related activities
including sanitation and kitchen gardening. The Rural Campus plans to develop a
team of women to assess, understand and undertake projects to improve the health
status and also to support each other for women's developmental activities in their
This year, the International Women's Day was celebrated in Sarathi village with talks
on the women's movement in Maharashtra, in the country and other countries. The
resource persons were Dr. Ms. Ahankari, Ms. Seema Kulkami, an alumna of the
Institute and ex-Rural Campus Social Worker, and Ms. Barbara, a Ph.D. student
from the U.K.
In the course of the year, exposure tours for the villagers involved in specific projects
were organised to the MANAVLOK project, Ambajogai; Ralegaon Siddhi, Ahmed-
nagar; Adgaon, Aurangabad; Nannaz (kitchen gardening), Solapur, Surdi (sericul-
ture) and Barshi.
The Rural Campus staff have been fully involved in the relief and rehabilitation work
in the earthquake affected areas of Osmanabad and Latur districts. Apart from
springing into relief work from the morning of September30,1993, the Rural Campus
staff have greatly facilitated the entry of Survey groups into the villages and assisted
in the distribution and co-ordination of relief supplies. The Tuljapur campus quarters
served as a base camp office for the staff, students and faculty involved in the survey
of the earthquake affected villages. They also assisted the faculty member, placed
with the Collector at Latur, in the organisation of workshops/meetings for non-gov-
ernmental organisations (working in the area) and have also provided regular
feedback on the situation in the affected villages that contributed to policy level
Director's Report 449
decisions regarding rehabilitation. The Rural Campus also helped to cross check
and verify data collected in the survey.
The Rural Campus is presently working in the village of Rajegaon in Omerga Taluka,
Osmanabad, financed by Tata Relief Committee for reconstruction of houses. The
main focus of the Institute is to facilitate people in their socio-economic rehabilitation.
The team at the Rural Campus increased in strength with the addition of two new
social workers, one of whom has been deputed by the CAPART for a period of two
years. One of the existing team members has been brought to the Bombay campus
for the purpose of consolidating the experience gained in the last five years through
documentation and sharing these with the faculty and students at the Deonar
The total collection of the library has gone upto 82,740 volumes of which 1385 books
and 265 bound volumes of periodicals have been added in the current year. The
principal fields of interests are Social Work, Personnel Management and Industrial
Relations, Sociology, Psychology, Anthropology, Economics, Psychiatry, Social
Research, Statistics, Criminology and Correctional Administration, Health, Family
and Youth Welfare, Rural Development and related subjects. The library's collection
is geared to meet the needs of the faculty and the students. The library subscribes
to 430 professional journals in addition to general magazines and newspapers. In
addition to books, periodicals and theses, the library has a separate collection of
Audio-Visual material such as educational films, video cassettes, slides and flash
cards. The library also stores microfilm editions of the Institute's journal, The Indian
Journal of Social Work
and International Dissertation Abstracts.
The Bibliographic Centre prepared bibliographies for individuals and outside agen-
cies/organisations on subjects such as social movements, education, effects of
substance abuse on children, mental illness in family, Hindu-Muslim relations, child
welfare services, child labour, criminology, and women and work. A special bibliog-
raphy on the Rehabilitation of Handicapped was prepared for the International
Leprosy Union, Pune. In addition, for seminars and workshops conducted at the
Institute, the library prepared bibliographies on specified topics.
A classified collection of newspaper clippings on current topics such as Bombay
Riots, Earthquake, Narmada Bachao Andolan, J.R.D. Tata, Talaq, etc. were pre-
pared for the convenience of the readers. The library has about 680 members and
rendered services to approximately 650 outsiders including faculty from other
universities, research scholars, students, government officials, policy makers and
other participants of Institute programmes in the campus. About 370 outside queries
were attended to this year by letter or telephone.
Computerisation of the library is in progress commencing with the acquisition of the
computer package for Online Information System, SLIM (System for Library Infor-
mation Management) developed by M/s. Algorhythms, Pune. Database for books
450 Director's Report
and other materials are in progress. Cataloguing, acquisitions and serial control are
also under way and, within a year, we hope to computerise all activities of the library.
The period 1993-94 commenced with the inauguration of the in-house composing
facility made possible by the Desk Top Publishing system purchased in March 1993.
Laser setting of text matter for printing of the Unit's publications as well as that of
other Departments, Units and Sections were undertaken during the year. Based on
the estimate of actual savings obtained and future projections presented by the Unit,
it was resolved by the Governing Board that two D.T.P. operators be appointed
permanently. A great deal of time saving due to DTP resulted in the prompt release
of the Indian Journal of Social Work
for the first time exactly on the expected date
of publication. Many other Departments, Units and Sections similarly experienced
that their production schedules have been accelerated and final quality enhanced.
The Unit released two case studies, and four issues of the journal. The case studies
were Family and Intervention
by Murli Desai (ed.) and Destination Unknown: A Case
Description of Mentally Handicapped Daughter
by Damodar Tilak, a parent of a
mentally retarded child. This year's Special Issues are two: Social Work Profession
(Guest Editor: Murli Desai) published in October 1993 and Human Resource
(Guest Editor: S. Pandey). A Focus Issue was also published in
January 1994 on Healthy Lifestyle: A Basis for Good Health
(Guest Editor: Gurmeet
The Book Fair was held from December 15 to 17, 1993, with 8 outside publishers
and booksellers participating in the book display-cum-sale at the campus main
quadrangle. Two panel discussions were organised on 15 and 17 December on two
selected titles: (1) The Disaster Manager's Handbook
published by the Asian
Development Bank, Manila, was reviewed by Panel Members, Mr. B.K. Singh
(CEAT Tyres), Mr. S.P. Godrej (Chairman, Godrej group of industries), Dr. V.N.
Chandrashekar (Head, Dept. of Chemical Engineering I.I.T., Bombay) and Dr. S.
Pandey (Reader, Dept. of PM & IR, TISS); (2) Uncertain Liaisons: Sex Strife and
Togetherness in Urban India
by Shobha De was reviewed and discussed by a Panel
consisting of Dr. Purnima Mane, (TISS, Faculty), Dr. Kamala Ganesh (Sociologist),
Dr. Varma (Psychologist) in the presence of the author, which added liveliness to
the discussions and the debate among the faculty and the students. The art of poster
making, the third event of the Book Fair, was celebrated with lecture and demon-
stration by Mr. Suneel Agarwal on December 16, 1993.
A workshop on Editing Skills was conducted for two weeks for the staff of the Unit
and volunteers currently undertaking editing work for the Publications Unit. The
resource person Ms. Mairi Sutherland from Napier University, Edinburgh, was
sponsored by the British Council, Bombay. We are very grateful to the British Council
for this assistance, since in India there is hardly any intensive training facility
available for editors. This training will go a long way in enhancing the quality of our
Director's Report 451
National Service Scheme Unit
The NSS Training Orientation and Research Centre further consolidated its expe-
rience in AIDS education through peer leaders. The manuscript on 'AIDS Education
for Students: A Training Manual', prepared by the Unit, was published by the
Universities Talk AIDS Cell, Government of India, in July 1993. The Unit also
launched its work in the area of holistic health for youth. It organised a seminar on
'Healthy Lifestyles: A Basis for Good Health', with a view to enhance conceptual
clarity on the subject and also assess the relevance and scope of work in this area.
Proceedings of this seminar have been published by the Institute. Subsequently, a
Refresher Course of one week duration was organised on the theme, 'Health and
Lifestyle Education for Youth'. This course was attended by 35 teachers from 22
colleges, following which most of the colleges have undertaken several activities in
the area of health and lifestyle education for students in their respective college
campuses. This work has generated and increased the awareness and interest on
the issue of student health in educational institutions. A study of student lifestyles
in these colleges is also in progress.
On the occasion of the Silver Jubilee Year of the National Service Scheme, 1993-94,
the Unit conducted a National Workshop on 'NSS Training Needs and Strategies'
with participation from NSS training centres from all over the country. The revised
curriculum of training was formulated, keeping in view the changes in educational
institutions, student needs and current social problems and issues. The proceedings
of the workshop have been documented.
The Institute deeply appreciates the keen interest taken in these activities by Shri
B.N. Bhagwat, Secretary and Dr. S.Y. Quraishi, Joint Secretary in the Department
of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India.
Four orientation courses on National Service Scheme were also organised for NSS
Programme Officers from Maharashtra and Goa. In conducting these courses, the
Unit received substantial support from faculty expertise within the Institute. With the
appointment of one new lecturer, and another on an ad hoc basis, the Unit's strength
has been increased.
Electronic Data Processing Unit
With the six additional terminals added on to the Local Area Network computer
system, faculty and students have been facilitated in computerising their work,
whether research or field action. During the year, the Centre conducted: (1) Two
programmes, one in each semester on "Basic Course in Computers" to the first year
M.A. Social Work students; (2) One semester programme in Computer Applications
as a part of Management Information System (MIS) to the first year Master's Degree
students in Personnel Management and Industrial Relations; (3) Two SPSS/PC+
training courses, one in February, and the other in April 1994, out of which one was
sponsored by the Indian Council of Social Science Research, Delhi.
The Centre processed the data of 33 research projects of the Institute, 56 research
projects from outside the Institute and 47 projects of the students enrolled in various
courses during the current academic year. The utilisation of the Centre by the staff,
452 Director's Report
students as well as outsiders shows considerable increase. For five months, the
Centre was engaged in the data entry and processing work of the household survey
undertaken by the Institute in the earthquake affected villages in the Osmanabad
and Latur districts. The number of villages covered in this survey was 67 and the
total number of households was 34,446.
For the second consecutive year, the Unit came away with honours at the UGC
Countrywide Classroom Video Festival held in December 1993. This time, the video
entitled The Plot Thickens...
won both the First Prize, and the award for individual
technical excellence in editing. The programme is a collage of exercises designed
to facilitate a critical awareness of the mass media. The Unit has also completed a
video programme entitled Odhni
— A Collective Exploration of Ourselves, Our
This video, based on a workshop held with a group of women on the theme
of women and sexuality, was produced for the Women and AIDS project of the
Department of Health Services Studies funded by the International Centre for
Research on Women. The video entitled One Hundred Years of Drought
completed and, along with The Plot Thickens...
was selected for screening at the
Third Bombay International Film Festival in the non-competitive Video Vista Section.
At present, the Unit is working on various video productions, including one on the
issue of rehabilitation of the earthquake affected people of Osmanabad and Latur
districts of Maharashtra; one on the narratives of the Warli tribals, and a third one,
the case study of coping with mental disability. The Unit has made its first foray into
cell animation with a 16 minute animation film in Hindi, based on the booklet The
Adventures of Gol Gol,
which is under production.
The Unit devised and produced an illustrated booklet entitled 'Reflections on My
Family', for the Unit for Family Studies. This booklet explores the theme of the rights
of members within families and would be used for facilitating discussions on this
theme. In addition, the Unit undertook various other graphic design assignments,
for the Unit for Urban Studies, and the Department of Short-Term Programmes,
This year, the Unit has undertaken a systematic mail order campaign for dissemi-
nating its productions. The results have been encouraging. An annotated catalogue
and a data base of the Unit's video library has been created.
Responding to the AIDS epidemic through research and training programmes, the
Department sought to consolidate its efforts through the establishment of an AIDS
Cell. The creation of such a Cell through Ford Foundation funds provides for a
consistent and continuous response to the problem through research, training,
consultancy and capacity building-services managed by the Department faculty and
additional project staff. In order to evolve a long term, holistic philosophy and to
utilise the funds judiciously, the Cell organised 2 meetings: one, a National Consulta-
tion of experts in the field and, the other, a meeting of Institute faculty to brainstorm
on priorities and activities that the Cell can undertake in the forthcoming years. The
Director's Report 453
Cell has also sponsored the revision of the book AIDS Prevention: The Socio-cul-
tural Context in India
published in 1992 by the Publications Unit of the Institute, and
is working on an annotated bibliography of training materials and research literature
available in India in the field of HIV/AIDS. The Cell is also compiling a list of NGOs
working in the field of HIV/AIDS in India. We are most grateful to the Ford Foundation
for sponsoring all the activities of the Cell.
FIELD ACTION PROJECTS
Of particular interest to human service professionals is the testing of their under-
standing, perceptions and insights, gained from study, analysis and peer exchange,
and converting them into workable strategies of effective intervention. The Institute
encourages faculty initiative to establish such test models in the field, where they
pool resources from amongst themselves and organisations outside. Over these 58
years, a number of such field action projects have emerged, some of which have
succeeded and been passed on to the local community for management or to the
government for implementing the programme. Some have also failed, the experi-
ence from which has led to the adoption of newer strategies. Some had to be
abandoned for identified reasons. Today, there are 16 field action projects fully
operational, managed by full or part-time social workers under a faculty member in
charge. Their activities are detailed below.
is a field action project of the Department of Criminology and Correctional
and is working in the field of adult corrections since February 1990.
Currently, its major areas of focus are prison services, rehabilitation of released
prisoners, and social work intervention in police stations. It is based at the Bombay
Central Prison and two police stations (Deonar and Shivaji Nagar) with a contact-
cum-aftercare office at the B.D.D. Chawls, Worli. The project also aims to raise
issues related to arrest, detention and trial before the government for appropriate
action, and to generate training and teaching material in the field of corrections. This
year, Prayas expanded its scope to include support for children of prisoners. The
staff also undertook a follow-up study of persons released from prison, in order to
identify factors in rehabilitation. We are grateful to the following organisations who
have rendered financial assistance from inception for varying periods of time: Tata
Exports; Mahalaxmi Temple Charity Trust; Sir Dorabji Tata Trust; The Indo-German
Social Service Society; Concern India Foundation; Penguin Charities; Vicco Labo-
ratories; TISS Welfare Agencies Fund; Mr. P.D. Kunte and INDUS.
The Department of Family and Child Welfare continued activities on the following
field action projects:
• The Bombay Child Welfare Coordination Council,
functioned in terms of three
distinct categories of coordination among agencies: the first dealt with agencies
offering services for the disabled; the second dealt with advocacy on behalf of
children and the third dealt with networking among residential institutions. Each
category of coordination services was in charge of a faculty of the Department
who initiated all programmes for the year. This programme has been financed
with TISS funds.
454 Director's Report
• Another programme was commenced this year under the title Federation of
of New Bombay and the villages around, with the view to
facilitate better coordination and organisation of self-betterment programmes
among these women's organisations. The project is located at CIDCO and the
programmes include training, exposure visits and meetings, currently managed
by a part-time social worker, with a faculty in charge of the projects. The financial
assistance is from CIDCO.
• In the last one year, the social workers in the Special Cell for Women and
have presented three papers, one at the Indian Association for
Women's Studies, Mysore, and two for an international audience — the Asian
Pacific Association for Social Work Education. The social workers also at-
tended training programmes on Sexual Abuse: Counselling and Communica-
tion, and on Marriage Counselling. Crime against women continues steadily.
Working with the violated women's families and their environment to give
women support and sustenance, is a constant effort at the Special Cell. There
is a growing need for social worker's services in the suburbs. We have begun
•a dialogue with the Police Commissioner on the subject. Out of the Institute
funds this Project is being managed.
• Mel Jol Hum Bachon Ka,
a popular field action project, initiated by the Depart-
ment of Family and Child Welfare in 1992, continued to work towards mutual •
learning and enjoyment among children of Municipal Corporation schools and
private schools, who participated in the activities during the year. The following
is a brief description of the variety of programmes conducted for them:
* Orientation Sessions:
About 52 sessions were conducted separately in all
participating schools, through which the Mel Jol team was able to gauge
stereotypes prevalent amongst participating school children.
* Fun Games:
The first interaction session between twin schools was "Crazy
Olympics", a fun games session, with a view to provide an atmosphere where
children, meeting for the first time, would feel comfortable with one another
and make tentative gestures towards friendship. A total of 21 such sessions
* Secularism Workshop:
The theme for the academic year 1993-94 was 'Secu-
larism: A Necessary Human Value', which discussed and analysed religion-
based stereotypes prevalent among children. Thirty-one such sessions were
conducted in schools.
* Art and Calligraphy Workshop:
Art workshops on secularism were organised
in each twin school (one Bombay Municipal Corporation school and one private
school), where 230 children from each twin attended the workshop. Using a
variety of media like paper, jute, canvas cloth, pots, barrels and such other, a
group of artists helped children paint and produce large murals. The artists
were: Lalitha Lajmi, Anjana Mehra, Aban Irani, Bharati Kapadia, Vilas Shinde,
Mehli Gohbai, Sheetal Gathani, Kavita Shahani, Jyotee Kolte, Yogesh Rawal,
Deepak Shinde, Rekha Rao, Sheetal Mehta, Varsha Trivedi, Shakuntala
Kulkarni, Altaf, Navjot, Meera Devidayal and Tasneem Pacha. The idea of the
art workshops came from the children's responses to the secularism work-
shops, where it was felt that a lot was left unsaid and where, often, the
Director's Report 455
discussions had to be curtailed because of lack of time. A total of 16 workshops
were conducted, including 2 workshops on calligraphy.
The idea of the Exhibition also emerged from the workshop on
secularism, where the children felt that as children, their ideas are not
heeded upon by the elders and the children, much to their despair, could
do nothing to change the present set up. The Exhibition was, therefore,
meant to portray to the public, children's views about secularism, class, and
other related social issues. The specific objectives were: (a) to make the
public aware of the child's need for a harmonious environment; (b) to enable
the public to recognise the inherent creativity of children, regardless of their
background, and (c) to create an awareness of Mel Jol's aims and objec-
tives. The exhibition was organised between January 24 and February 4,1994
and moved through 7 locations. It was visited by over 9,000 people and drew
an enthusiastic response.
* Annual Event:
The annual cultural programme is designed to make twins join
together to put up a special cultural item such as dance, drama, mime or song.
Centreing round the theme of secularism, the annual event for South Bombay
Schools was organised on January 24,1994, at August Kranti Maidan, and on
February 4,1994, at the Bhailal Patel Grounds for the North Bombay Schools.
The event consisted of a cultural programme presented jointly by each twin
school and these ranged from musical plays and skits to dances. They were
interspersed with action songs in which the audience participated. They
were witnessed by 4,000 children from the Mel Jol schools in North and
South Bombay. Ms. Bakul Patel, Ex-Sherif of Bombay and Ms. Amena
Sayed, Chairperson, Education Committee, and Director, Dr. A.S. Desai
attended the occasion among other faculty of the Institute and school
* Educational Visits:
The open environment facilitates and promotes an unin-
hibited interaction between children in addition to providing fun and frolic for
the children. Six such visits were made to parks, lakes, planetarium, and such
* Leadership Workshops:
Twenty-one half-day leadership workshops for all
participating children were conducted.
* Mel Jol Brochure:
Mel Jol released a brochure, outlining its programme, goals,
the twinning processes and activities, with assistance received from Concern
India Foundation, Mel Jol's primary resource agency.
We are grateful to the following organisations for their financial assistance to the
project: Concern India Foundation, Indo-German Social Service Society, Blitz,
Public Community Trust, and K.P. Byramjee Foundation.
In the Department of Medical and Psychiatric Social Work
the following projects
have been successfully functioning through the years.
• The Child Guidance Clinic,
situated at B.J. Wadia Hospital for Children is our
oldest project, and it continues to render services to the children having various
types of behavioural and emotional problems, and offering counselling and
guidance to their parents and other family members. The Clinic Staff also
456 Director's Report
continued with mental health programmes as a part of outreach activity in school,
community and the prison setting. The Clinic organised a one day seminar for
school teachers on 'Learning Disability in Children' in September, 1993. The
community survey undertaken in the Kashinath Dhruv locality was completed. The
survey report highlighted some aspects which needed to be considered for future
planning. Social workers of the clinic participated in the relief work at Osmanabad
and Latur along with the faculty and students of the Deonar Campus. With financial
assistance from the Government of Maharashtra, the Institute has been managing
activities of the Clinic since 1936.
• Work with the Thane Health Project
continued with the help of the field work
students placed at the Municipal Schools, the Wadia Clinic and the newly
constructed Kalwa Hospital. The senior students are involved in setting up a child
guidance clinic at the Kalwa Hospital. The Thane Municipal Corporation has been
funding this project and we greatly appreciate its involvement and interest.
• The Integrated Rural Health and Development Project
STD/HIV/AIDS Training Programmes for youth leaders; (ii) a workshop on mother
and child health; (iii) another workshop for Secondary School children and
teachers Personality Development and Communication;
(iv) 'Bombay Darshan'
— a one day excursion to Bombay for tribal children; (v) Counselling in the
Primary Health Centre; (vi) School health programmes; and (vii) a programme
on sanitation and hygiene. This project is wholly funded by the Institute.
• In the Centre for Environment, Technology and Resource Development
the Department of Urban and Rural Community Development,
the objectives of
economic self reliance among the tribal communities at and around Jambhul-
pada, Raighad District, continued to be pursued. Two social workers and two
others conducted programmes in horticulture and watershed management. We are
grateful to the funding assistance received from the Dutch Development Organisa-
tion, CEBEMO, the Government of India, Government of Maharashtra and Swiss
The faculty of the Department of Extra Mural Studies
were active in three field action
• The Department of Extra Mural Studies has been closely involved with the
inception, growth and development of the Lions-Quest Programme, Skills for
The head of the Department became the first Indian to be a Trainer
of Trainers for this programme. The Department faculty, after implementing the
programme in a school at Ulhasnagar, has been actively involved with the
adaptation committee set up to look into indigenisation of training literature. The
programme was also tried out with Arya Vidya Mandir, Santacruz for children of
standards VII and VIII. Three workshops, one for programme leaders of Thane
area and two for all-Bombay Trainees at the Narsee Monjee Institute of Manage-
ment at Vile Parle, have been conducted for Trainers. An investigation is in
progress for recording the experience of implementing the programme in a variety
of settings. In the area of Effective Parenting Skills, training needs analysis were
conducted in two schools in Goa and Baroda. Lions-Quest India is the sponsor
of the Project and our grateful thanks to the organisation.
Director's Report 457
• Mental Health Awareness Cell:
This year the Mental Health Awareness Cell
continued to work with the youth of N.M. Joshi Marg, Lower Parel. Three
workshops were organised to facilitate the youth understand the concept of
mental health. A residential workshop was organised at Deolali with emphasis
on communication skills, understanding the self and issues related to community
mental health. An encouraging feature was that girls started responding to the
Cell's programmes. This is an Institute funded Project.
• Towards Communal Harmony:
In 1993, the Institute had responded to the
aftermath of the riots which broke out in the city of Bombay by way of relief and
rehabilitation measures. Families who were staying in Chirag Nagar and Asalfa
Village and Vikhroli Park Site in Ghatkopar, and Govandi were distributed
household kits and provided educational and vocational help as well as for
rebuilding houses. Following these riot-focused relief, a field action project was
initiated in Chirag Nagar and Asalfa Village in Ghatkoparto provide (i) assistance
to families facing problems in readjustment and (ii) to build a data base on
problems and issues of post-riot victims to provide the feedback for crisis
intervention activity in the future. One full time social worker was appointed and
she is currently working on understanding the community's formal and informal
structure. She has also initiated the involvement of community members for social
programmes addressing the needs of women, children and youth. Financial
assistance was provided by the Tata Relief Committee.
• Hamara Club: A Project for Street Children
is a field action project of the Unit for
Child and Youth Research
and it completed 4 years of its service to the street children,
reaching out to them at four contact points: Bombay Central Railway Station, Siddhi
Vinayak Temple, (Prabhadevi), Haji Ali Dargah and Jijamatanagar (Worli). Nearly 250
children were provided health, education, recreation and counselling services during
this year. The major activities of the year included:
Two Health Camps:
One was for general health check up for 50 children
organised in collaboration with the Bombay Municipal Corporation and, the
second for a Leprosy check-up in collaboration with the YWCA at Bombay
Central. Follow-up services were instituted or the positive cases of leprosy.
Forty-seven children were admitted in Municipal Schools
through different contact centres and were provided with school uniforms, books
Three boys at the Bombay Central Station are undergoing
part-time training in tailoring in the Vocational Training Institute, Tardeo. Two boys
at Prabhadevi completed training of soap making at Shramik Vidyapeeth.
A picnic to the Vashi garden for 25 children at the Prabhadevi Centre
was organised. Five boys at the Bombay Central Centre were taken to Marve
beach along with the 'Udaan' group. Competitions in sports, music and drawing
were organised and prizes distributed to winners on the Independence Day.
Traffic Police Training:
Through the Council for Children in Vulnerable Condition,
20 children from different NGO organisations, including two boys from Hamara
Club, attended a two-days workshop at Khandala for traffic police training.
Following this, they now get traffic training twice a week at Churchgate, through
the Nasik Traffic Police Training Centre. On the Ganpati immersion day, they
458 Director's Report
were involved in traffic control. The Commissioner of Police appreciated their
work and said it is possible to enrol the children in the Department of Police Traffic
after their successful completion of the training programme.
Locker Facility at Bombay Central:
At the contact centre at Bombay Central, a
locker facility has been provided for 36 children. Children keep their belongings
and important documents like Identity Cards, School Leaving Certificates and
Savings by Children:
About 20 children saved their money regularly in the savings
box kept at the Police Station, Bombay Central, and they were encouraged to
open bank accounts. Three boys opened accounts during this year.
Income Generating Activities:
Rakhees, greetings cards and wall hangings pre-
pared by children were put up for sale at different sale points like TISS, Vanita
Samaj, YWCA, and at Chacha-ka-Mela (a mela for street children). An amount
of Rs. 418.50 was collected as sale proceeds.
The celebration of the Children's Day on November 14 is
always marked by a fun-fair for street kids. This year also 150 children from all
the three contact centres participated in the Chacha-ka-Mela
held at the National
Sports Club of India, Worli.
All India Street Children's Conference:
TISS was the venue selected by the
organisers of the All India Street Children's Conference on February 14-18,1994.
The major purpose of this Conference was to provide street children a platform
to share their experiences and talk on issues of shelter, education, health and
harassment from police and public at large. Anu from Hamara Club spoke on the
plight of the girl child on the street.
A three days residential camp for 30 children at Haji Ali and
Bombay Central Station was organised at Lonawala on March 28-30, 1994.
Children enjoyed the camp and found it useful for learning leadership skills and
Initiated in July 1989 in collaboration with the Maharashtra Branch of the Indian
Council of Social Welfare, Hamara Club is fully funded by Save-the-Children-
Canada. We are most grateful to the organisation for financial assistance.
• The TISS Literacy Committee undertook several activities. It continued to be
actively involved in the action project on Total Literacy
in a neighbouring slum
community, Panjrapol. Other activities include environment building, orientation,
training of volunteer instructors and running of literacy classes. Funding assis-
tance was received from U.S. Vitamins Private Ltd. and the TISS Staff Club.
• A major involvement of the Unit for Women's Studies
has been the Rural Piped
Domestic Water Supply, Sanitation and Community Development
the Government of Maharashtra and supported by the British Overseas Develop-
ment Administration. The Institute has been appointed as a consultant for Community
Development in this project which is spread over three districts of Maharashtra:
Jalgaon, Nashik and Dhulia. There are four big schemes which are providing filtered
water to 210 villages in these three districts. The Institute is involved in providing
training to government officials from the district level to the village water committees,
Director's Report 459
which are going to undertake responsibilities of maintenance of the scheme within
the village boundaries.
The strategy adopted for community participation in this project is a deviation from
earlier practice of involving NGOs or setting up a separate unit to accomplish
community participation in the drinking water projects. There is an emphasis on
training the government machinery to be more sensitive to people and use the
participatory methodology in their interaction with people. Their changed attitude
and better functioning is likely to contribute in the process of people's empowerment.
We are working on both the fronts: training and field activity for setting up village
water committees and achieving women's participation.
The project started in April 1992 with three persons in the field. At present, the
strength of the field staff has increased to eleven. The team scrutinising four women
and seven men. In the last two months, a major campaign was conducted to finalise
the layouts of internal distribution system for each village by using the Participatory
Research Appraisal Technique. For the first time, engineers, extension officers of
health and extension officers of village panchayat visited the village together as a
team and had dialogue with the village women.
The project will continue for the next two to three years. Several activities such as
preparing training manuals and audio-visual materials have been planned. We
visualise that the project will contribute to our understanding of the problems of
drinking water and rural development management in a major way. It also raises
the question of whether such high technology projects for carrying water over long
distances, which compels people to pay high water rates for maintenance, is
appropriate or whether some alternatives can be developed to meet the need for
drinking water of thousands of villages in Maharashtra at a lower cost. We are
grateful to the Government of Maharashtra and the British ODA for their support.
Environmental crisis hits hard the poor women in the rural areas of the Third World,
because they are the most dependent on common property resources and also
blamed for its overuse contributing to the degradation of environment, and their own
deprivation. The Unit for Women's Studies have proposed an action research
project, entitled 'Women's Right and Natural Resources' addressing the necessity
to create mutually nurturing relationship between poor women and the environment.
The project emphasises the creation of a subsistence base for women and training
them in optimal use of resources such as land, water, organic manure and photo-
energy. The intervention of the researcher comes in the form of mobilising and
steering the women's group to go through and sustain the experiment. Organising
the training and making women document the entire growth process of the plants
is the task for the researcher.
Field Action Projects in Collaboration with other Organisations
Working in collaboration with other organisations, the Department of Medical and
Psychiatric Social Work was
instrumental in helping a group of parents and relatives,
who attended the Richmond Fellowship Workshop in April 1993, to form an organ-
isation called Community Action of Mental Peace
(CAMP). One of their activities
is a self help group. In collaboration with the Institute's Family Welfare Agency,
460 Director's Report
CAMP will try to start a day care and a residential facility for the mentally disturbed
in Bombay city.
As an outcome of the Patient's Rights Workshop organised by the Department in
August 1993, a Grievance Committee to deal with Patients' Problems
formed at the K.E.M. Hospital, Bombay.
The Drug Abuse Demand Reduction Programme
also initiated by the Department
funded by the UN ESCAP, Bangkok, is being carried out in three areas of the city
for slum dwellers and street children who are addicts. This is an action project to
involve people in organising at the community level to reduce the menace of drugs.
It involves the training of community level workers. Three training modules have
been already completed. Baseline surveys of the problem in the various areas were
The Employees Assistance Programme
was continued by the Department of
Personnel Management and Industrial Relations
in the various 'long distance' walk
areas of the Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Ltd., Bombay. During the year, two
review and follow up meetings with the counsellors were organised. An advanced
training workshop on 'EAP Skills' was also conducted in March 1994.
Golden Jubilee Chairs
The Golden Jubilee Chairs, created in 1988 for bringing veteran experts for short
periods in the subjects of faculty interest, have been a boon to the Institute's
intellectual growth. The long experience and mature insights of our visiting profes-
sors and practitioners have had a very positive impact, over these eight years, on
the activities and programmes of the Institute. This year, we have been specially
fortunate in having in our midst, Prof. Mukunda Rao, Consultant, Social Develop-
ment for international organisations and, formerly, Senior Officer, United Nations
Secretariat at New York and Vienna.
During the period of his tenure as the Professor, The Mahalakshmi Temple Trust
from August 2,1993 to January 12,1994, Prof. Mukunda Rao had undertaken
a variety of assignments at the Institute. These involved occasional lectures in
different classes, informal discussions with students especially those at Ph.D. level,
meetings with individual faculty members, groups of faculty, participation in the
preparation and convening of faculty organised workshops, seminars and confer-
ences such as the Asia and Pacific Social Work Educators Conference, Consultation
Meeting on International Year of the Family, IAS Officers Training Programmes. He
also participated in the survey and relief work in Osmanabad/Latur areas affected
by the earthquake, and visited a number of worst affected areas, focusing on the
situation of older persons.
In the last three months of his stay, most of his efforts were related to the preparation
and holding of the National Workshop on 'India's Role in the Formulation and
Implementation of United Nations Mandates: Focus on Children, Women and the
Family'. The final draft report of this Workshop was submitted by Prof. Rao before
Director's Report 461
his departure, and it is slated for publication and subsequent dissemination. Prof.
Rao was particularly satisfied with initiating this exploration into the relatively
unknown area of the interface of India and United Nations with regard to policy
formulation and implementation in the social field. He has also submitted a
recommendation to set up a Chair/Unit on International Social Development. In his
opinion, TISS is an ideal setting for such a venture.
Prof. Mukunda Rao's inputs at various times have been in the areas of human rights,
social aspects of family planning, aging, approaches to development, social policy
and social development, social work education, advancement of women, the role of
family in development and the United Nations. In his formal and informal interactions
with the faculty and students, he endeavoured to bring to their attention the critical
role and functions of United Nations in the social field, in particular, the several global
mandates (resolutions, declarations, conventions, plans of action) as well as the
significant conceptual advances reflected in its work in recent years. He particularly
highlighted the relevance of this body of work to the work of the Institute. Prof.
Mukunda Rao's departing report talked of his impressions of the many creative
activities undertaken by the faculty, their commitment and quality, the students'
desire to learn and the overall atmosphere of camaraderie, academic freedom and
social awareness. Dr. Rao was particularly happy with the opportunity to reconnect
with the land of his birth and to gain a better appreciation of its contemporary
We are most grateful to Prof. Mukunda Rao for his visit and his valuable contribu-
This year there were no appointments to the TISS Golden Jubilee TISCO Chair
for Personnel Management and Industrial Relations
and the Garware Chair in
for various reasons.
Faculty Development Programme
The United Nations had designated 1993 as the Year of the Indigenous People. The
Faculty Development Programme Committee organised a series of presentations
in the first semester on the theme 'In Solidarity with the Indigenous Peoples' under
the rubric of Ektamya.
The topics for the presentations included rights of the
indigenous peoples, movements by certain tribal groups towards self assertion and
identity, and the resettlement and rehabilitation problems of people displaced by
large development projects. These presentations were organised by an Ektamya
Sub-Committee consisting of members of the faculty, administrative staff and
Other presentations for the faculty development programme were organised on
themes such as the socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS and role of social scientists,
discussion of the United Nations Report (1992) Towards a Social Development
Strategy for the ESCAP Region
and screening and discussion of the UGC award
winning video film in 1993, The Plot Thickens...
produced by the Audio-Visual Unit
of the Institute.
462 Director's Report
The Kumarappa-Reckless Lecture was
delivered by Justice H. Suresh, Retd. Judge,
High Court of Bombay, on 'Politicization of the Criminal Justice System in India'.
Justice Suresh spoke on the meaning of the sovereign judicial power of the state
which is vested in the judiciary. He said that it has a commitment to the will of the
people. The basic function of a judge is to do justice between man and man, and
man and the state. The judiciary is therefore, as accountable to people as the
Executive and the Legislature. But recent trends reveal that there is a loss of this
accountability towards the people and a perceptible politicization of the judiciary.
The judicial system is gradually becoming a subservient tool in the hands of the
Government. He said that there is an increasing trend towards detaining people
without proper trial under various special laws enacted by the Parliament from time
to time. A servile bureaucracy, a corrupt and self serving police and a polarised
judiciary is wrecking havoc on our criminal justice system and has turned it into an
oppressive mechanism, he said. The judiciary must wake up from its slumber and
take matters into its own hands before it gets too late for us, he added. We are most
grateful to Justice H. Suresh for a very forthright lecture.
The Punekar Memorial Lecture
was delivered by Mr. S.R. Mohandas, Journalist,
Professor, Organisational Consultant on 'Industrial Relations: Strategic Exercise in
Changing Business Scenario'.
Social Work Educators Forum (SWEF)
Social Work Educators' Forum
is a voluntary activity of Social Work Educators who
meet, share their professional concerns, enhance their knowledge and skills, and
reflect over their role.
Even though Social Work Educators' Forum is an in-house activity, it was strongly
felt that a national meet was over due. With the support of the Social Work Education
and Practice Cell, a national workshop titled 'Social Work and Teaching' was organised
during May 11 -14,1993. One afternoon was set aside for discussing the Constitution
of the Association of Schools of Social Work in India by the delegates from abroad
who numbered 40, and an equal number from Bombay. A subgroup was constituted
to actively study the code of ethics among social workers.
Attendance at Seminars/Workshops/Conferences/Courses and Membership of
This year 69 faculty members attended seminars, workshops and other short term
programmes. They read 138 papers. As office bearers and committee members in
135 professional and academic bodies, 55 of our faculty members shared their
expertise and interest.
Nineteen faculty members went abroad on various academic assignments. Of these
6 were professors, 11 were readers, and 2 were lecturers.
Director's Report 463
Publication of Papers and Books by the Faculty
This year, 31 faculty members published 42 papers and 10 books. Dr. Purnima
Mane, Dr. Murli Desai, Dr. Shalini Bharat, Ms. Vidya Rao, Ms. Katy Gandevia, Ms.
Gurmeet Hans, Ms. Chhaya Datar, Dr. Kailash, Mr. R.D. Naik were the faculty
members who published individually or jointly.
Some Major National/International Assignments Carried out by the Faculty
Dr. Armaity S. Desai: Member, Council, Association of Commonwealth Universities,
London; Member, Executive Council and the Court, Jawaharlal Nehru University;
Member, Sub-Committee, National Preparatory Committee for India, Country Re-
port for World Women's Conference, Beijing, 1995.
Prof. Meenakshi J. Apte: Member, Governing Board, NIPCCD, New Delhi, (ap-
pointed by the Minister of State for Women and Child Development); and Member,
Research Advisory Committee on Social Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi.
Prof. R.K. Hebsur: Member, Governing Council, ICSSR, New Delhi.
Prof. Niranjana Gokarn: Member, UGC Panel for Social Work Education; Secretary,
Asian and Pacific Association of Social Work Education; AC Board Member, M.S.
University of Baroda, Human Development and Family Studies, Department of
Prof. UshaS. Nayar: Member, National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO,
Sub-Commission: Social Sciences.
Prof. A. Gangopadhyay: Member, National Committee on Child Labour, NSC,
Ministry of Labour, Government of India.
Prof. J.C. Sharma: Member, Adult Education Programme, Government of India.
Prof. Asha Rane: Member, State Level Coordination Committee, Project for Inte-
grated Education of Disabled Children at Masavan.
Prof. D. Saldanha: President Elect., Fulbright Association of Bombay; Member,
Advisory Committee, State Residence Centre for Adult and Non Formal Education.
Dr. Purnima Mane: Member, Working Group on Sexual Behaviour and Research
on AIDS and Reproductive Health Network, Boston, USA; Steering Committee
Member, Global AIDS Policy Coalition, USA; Governing Board Member, Population
Services International (India); Member, Editorial Advisory Committee, AIDS in the
Dr. M.R. Bhatia: Member, Advisory Committee, National Committee on STD Con-
Dr. Murli Desai: Member, Board of Directors, International Association of Schools
of Social Work.
Dr. Shalini Bharat: Member, Indian Council of Child Welfare, New Delhi; Member,
Central Advisory Committee, National Library of Tests, NCERT, New Delhi.
464 Director's Report
Dr. Sanober Shekar: Member, Committee on Custodial Justice for Women, National
Commission for Women, Government of India.
Dr. S. Pandey: Member, Academic Council, National Human Resource Development
Dr. Gita Shah: Vice-President, Association of Schools of Social Work in India.
Dr. Ratna Naik: Member, World Bank Project, Government of Maharashtra;
Member, Maharashtra Public Service Commission.
Ms. Gurmeet Hans: Member, NSS Advisory Committee of Maharashtra State, Goa
University, Nagpur University, Shivaji University, S.N.D.T. University and Bombay
Ms. Anjali Monteiro: Member, Governing Body, State Institute of Educational Technol-
Ms. Anjali Dave: Member, National Resource Group, Mahila Samakhya, Depart-
ment of Education, Government of India.
Mr. Roy J. Burman: Regional Secretary, Anthropological Association.
Awards to Faculty
The Institute received the International Year of the Family Testimonials, as an IYF
Patron, by the United Nations Secretariat for the International Year of the Family, in
recognition of its important contributions towards the cause of families and the
promotion of the IYF. Dr. Murli Desai received this testimonial on behalf of the
Institute, at the World NGO Forum to launch the International Year of the Family,
organised in Malta in December 1993.
Dr. Armaity S. Desai was awarded the Professional Achievement Citation of the
University of Chicago Alumni Association created in 1967. The award honours those
alumni whose achievements in their vocational fields have brought distinction to
themselves, credit to the University, and real benefit to the communities. The citation
was presented to her, in absentia, on June 5,1993, at the Alumni Assembly held at
the Rockefeller Chapel, University of Chicago.
Ms. Grace Mathew, Retired Professor and Head of the Department of Medical and
Psychiatric Social Work
(1974-1985), has been honoured with the Karve Award for
Outstanding Contribution to Social Work Education in India by the Karve School of
Social Work, Pune. We offer our congratulations to Prof. Grace Mathew who
continues to very actively contribute to various activities of the Institute.
Student's Union and Institute Sponsored Activities with the Students' Union
activities this year were very brisk, especially in the first semester.
Events were conducted on a weekly basis and included cultural, literary, academic
and sports events. The Union helped conduct a number of events in co-ordination
with such bodies as Spic-Macay, the Committee for 'Indigenous People', and the
Director's Report 465
Criminology and Correctional Administration Forum. This year, the Union also
helped organise the Guinea Pig Debate and A.R. Wadia Elocution.
The Union was extensively involved in the survey undertaken by the Institute at
Osmanabad and Latur. The students responded enthusiastically. They were de-
ployed both at the Institute and at Tuljapur in two batches, with the Student's Union
as a co-ordinating body.
The second semester saw the students' festival 'Quintiss
essence' with extensive
participation from all sections of the student body, including the M.Phil./Ph.D.
scholars, the students enrolled in Certificate Course in Research Methodology, and
the students of the M.A. Programme in Hospital and Health Administration. The
Department of Family and Child Welfare
The new Student's Union was elected in February 1994 and the members will take
office with effect from June 1994.
Social Work Students' Forum
The Social Work Students' Forum organised the Third Annual Seminar in Social
Work on the theme 'Need for a Holistic Approach: Paradigms for Sustainable
Environment' on January 15, 1994. It was inaugurated by Dr. Claude Alvares, a
noted environmentalist and media person, and Director of Goa Foundation, Goa.
Dr. A.S. Desai welcomed the audience and released the souvenir. The seminar
attempted to focus on the need for a holistic perspective towards the environment
and a holistic management of our natural resources. It called for looking at the entire
issue of environment not only on a personal basis but for the planet earth as a whole.
It focused on applications of social science knowledge to social work in planned
development and use of social work intervention skills in tackling this complex
Thirty delegates from the NGDs and other organisations and our students partici-
pated in the seminar. The students had invited experts in the field — Ms. Latika
Naik, Principal, S.N.D.T., B.Ed. College; Ms. Jyotsna Modi, Director, Special School*
for Children; Representatives from Indian Peoples' Tribunal for Environment and
Peoples' Rights; Mr. Bittu Sehgal, Editor, Sanctuary,
Mr. Debu Goenka, Bombay
Committee for Environment, and Dr. M.W. Uplekar, Foundation for Research in
Community Health gave presentations on topics such as 'Environmental design for
children with special needs', 'Environmental crime', 'Sustainable development and
perspective as health care system' and 'Search for new alternatives'. Social Work
Students made a presentation on 'Effective Use of Media for Sustainable Environ-
ment' which was well appreciated. Ms. Bakul Patel, Ex-Sherif of Bombay, delivered
the concluding remarks.
Under the aegis of the Job Placement Cell for Social Work students, campus
recruitments were conducted for graduating social work students for the fourth year
in succession. About 80 vacant positions were identified in organisations, 50 of
which were in various parts of India and 30 in Bombay. Thirty-one offers have been
finalised and 20 have been short listed for a second interview. Forty-five summer
466 Director's Report
placement positions were identified for the first year social work students in a total
of 10 organisations, out of which 10 students have accepted the offer.
PM and IR Students' Forum
The students of the Department of Personnel Management and Industrial Relations
organised the annual seminar on September 10 and 11, 1993 on the theme of 'A
Paradigm Shift in Indian Business — HRM Issues in Perspective'. Thirty delegates
from various industries participated in the seminar.
This year, the PM and IR Students' Forum
had organised campus recruitment visits
by companies from 3 to 11 January, 1994. About 30 companies visited the campus
and over 100 offers were made to 28 senior students of the Department of Personnel
Management and Industrial Relations.
These organisations also made Summer
Project offers to the students of the junior PM and IR batch. Since last year, the
Department has been levying a registration fee of Rs. 2,000/- per company for
visiting the campus for recruitment. A large portion of the collections were contrib-
uted towards the corpus of the Institute. This year, the Department increased this
charge to Rs. 4,000/- per company.
Students' Seminar in Hospital Administration
The annual seminar of the students of Diploma in Hospital Administration
on February 27, 1994 on the theme 'Emerging Trends in Hospital Administration'.
Eminent speakers from the public and private sector health services spoke on
current hospital management issues such as the Consumer Protection Act, cost
containment in hospital and total quality management. The seminar was attended
by hospital managers and health professionals.
As in the past, the Alumni Office has helped alumni trace their classmates and
contemporaries especially for organising meetings of Alumni outside Bombay. So
far, the alumni have held meetings in Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Calcutta, Hyderabad,
Madras, New Bombay and Pune. The Director, during her tours, and Prof. Panakal,
who coordinates the work of Alumni Office, bring alumni together for group meetings.
More work will have to be initiated for mobilising alumni contribution to Institute's
growth. A major activity of the Alumni Office is the annual preparation of the
state-wise updated addresses of alumni who are in touch with us. The Alumni Office
also provides addresses of alumni to other alumni, interested employers, and
employment agencies. The Institute is grateful to Prof. Panakal for his continuing
contribution to keep this office alive and updated. A very successful dinner was
organised again this year which was attended by 293 alumni and their families. It was
held jointly with the students and the faculty.
Director's Report 467
Staff in Position and Total Number of Posts
The number of total academic positions in the Institute is 110 (academic teaching
and non-teaching), of which 94 were filled; technical positions are 32 of which 22
were filled; administrative positions are 107 of which 85 were filled and, out of a total
number of 102 positions of the service staff, 84 were filled. About 84 per cent of the
positions are filled.
Training of Administrative Staff
Five staff members were sent for training in management of accounts, skill to
run a mess, skills in catering, computer applications in university accounts, and
Long Service Awards
The following employees, who completed 20 years of service at the Institute, were
presented with a gift of the cash value of Rs. 500 in recognition and appreciation of
Dr. (Mrs.) Sanobar Shekar, Reader, Dept. of Criminology and Correctional Admini-
Ms. Shyamala Subramanian, Assistant Librarian
Mr. P.D. Pawar, Technical Assistant
Mr. R.B. Bhogale, Peon
We are greatly appreciative of their contribution to the work of the Institute.
The TISS Newsletter, Madhyam,
is released twice a year. It is mainly for internal
circulation and all the employees are encouraged to treat it as a vehicle of free
expression. The rotating editorship also facilitates changing focus and devising new
features. In the collective opinion of the current Editorial team, Madhyam
as an agent for (a) exchanging information on the professional and academic
activities of the Institute, the staff, students and alumni of the Institute; (b) reporting
on points, viewpoints and news items related to professional and academic events
and issues; (c) keep a record of important Institute activities which are historically
In May 1994, the twenty-first volume of Madhyam
Day Care Centre
The Day Care Centre, now in its seventh year of existence, has an enrolment of 22
children, 10 of whom are toddlers. The programme of activities was redesigned to
meet their specific needs. In addition to the celebration of festivals and birthdays, a
468 Director's Report
5 day summer camp was organised, including activities such as an outing to a sports
complex nearby, a dog show, a trip to the Prince of Wales Museum and the
Aquarium, a boat ride, clay modelling and craft, a magic show, visits to the police
station, fire station, post office and a picnic to the Sion Hill Garden. The 6th annual
day of the Centre was also celebrated with enthusiasm. The premises were
repainted and wear a more colourful look with new displays.
TISS Social Services Centre
Instituted as a service facility for the multifarious interests, concerns and problems
faced by employees of the Institute and their families, the TISS Social Services
Centre is run by a full-time Social Worker. This year started with two summer
vacation camps for the campus children including those living outside the campus
and in the age groups of 7 to 11 years and 9 to 15 years. In all, 22 children attended
this camp. These camps were organised in response to a request made by the
campus staff to enable the children to use the vacation time constructively. The
camps held activities to help develop children's knowledge, skill, and creativity and
also shed inhibitions and interact positively. Training in public speaking, film shows,
science demonstrations, puppet making, a visit to the bank and post-office, indoor
and outdoor competitions were some of the activities. These camps were self-fi-
nanced and supported by the campus residents who volunteered to share various
tasks with the Social Worker. The winter Vacation Camp had 25 children from the
age group of 6 to 14 years. A children's film entitled Beethoven,
and a magic show
were enjoyable highlights. The visit to the Nehru Planetarium was also greatly
appreciated by the children.
A two days Workshop on 'Coping with S.S.C. Examinations for the Students of Std.
VIII to Std. X' was conducted for the staff of Lupin's Laboratories, Santacruz, who
sponsored the workshop as well as staff of TISS. The sessions aimed at helping
students improve their study habits, generate awareness of the various study skills,
and also of the methods prevalent in the evaluation system of the S.S.C. Board.
The consumer cooperative activity centred around provision of packed lunch to staff
members and sale of light lunch across the tea counter. This is indeed a popular
service and the women of the service staff families were also sufficiently motivated
with the generation of extra income. Sale of pickles, chilli powder, turmeric powder
and snacks during workshops and meetings fetched an additional income ranging
from Rs. 150 to Rs. 500 on a monthly basis.
Two of the employee's children, Narendra G. Gotankar studying in the first year
B.Com. degree, and Ms. Bindra Ramsingh studying in Second Year Junior College
(Commerce) were selected by the Social Services Advisory Committee as recipients
of the B.P. Gandhy Scholarship 1993-94 to pursue further studies at the collegiate
Three cases of marital counselling and one case of pre-marital counselling were
dealt with during this year. One of the staff members injured badly by an attack from
some unidentified assailants was advocated appropriate medical help and given
emotional support. Three patients were helped to obtain blood from the government
blood banks. Referral services to various staff members for their immediate require-
Director's Report 469
merits continue to be undertaken by the Centre. The Social Worker, also participated
in the Literacy Project of the Institute and systemised two field work students.
Construction of the Library
The revised estimate of the library building was approved by the UGC. The
Commencement Certificate issued by the Bombay Municipal Corporation was also
revalidated after sustained efforts. Subsequently, the order to the contractor was
issued in October, 1993, and the work on the building has since commenced.
Malati and Jal A.D. Naoroji Campus Annexe
The Institute has sent a proposal to the UGC for the sanction of a special grant to
develop various infrastructural facilities. The Institute has also embarked on a
process of finding a suitable architect for the Campus Annexe. The development of
this campus will have to spread over the ensuing Plan periods as per the availability
Development of the Institute Garden and Trees
Mainly, it has been maintenance work with regard to our garden. Several varieties
of shrubs, individual plants and potted plants were given a dose of cattle manure
and sprayed with pesticides to keep them in healthy condition. The Municipal garden
staff visited in November 1993 and we were able to show them that we have planted
and nurtured over 50 saplings to replace the trees cut in the library area.
The nursery work is improving slowly. About 500 plants were sold to our staff and
friends during the year. We hope to sell over 1000 plants in the monsoon of 1994.
During the year, one mali
retired from service, while one was promoted to a peon.
PERSPECTIVE FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INSTITUTE
On a reference made by the Governing Board of the Institute with a view to provide
a long-term plan for development, the members of the Academic Council (AC) in
their meeting on March 9, 1990 appointed a Committee of seven faculty members,
to whom were added another four in July 1992, for submitting a detailed report on
Perspectives for the Future. The first report was placed at the AC meeting in April
1992, when the members deliberated on the report as well as written comments
from faculty who were not members of the Academic Council. Based on these
discussions, the Committee was requested to prepare a revised version, which
again was discussed in the AC meeting in July 1993. Thereafter, the Director has
been holding continued discussions with individual Departments and Units, from
January 1994 onwards.
470 Director's Report
CANDIDATES FOR DEGREES AND PRIZES
Today 2 candidates will receive their Ph.D. degree, 5 M.Phil. degree and 117 M.A.
degree. We congratulate them and, particularly, the prize winners whose names
1. S. Kalsi Shield for the Best Student in Personnel Mr. Atul Kumar Sharma
Management and Industrial Relations
2. Alumni Association Prize and Institute Shield for Ms. Zarine E. Chinvala
the Best Student in Criminology and Correctional
3. Aisha Harris Memorial Shield for the Best Stu-
Ms. Sucharita Hota
dent in Family and Child Welfare
4. Leela Wadia Prize and Institute Shield for the Mr. Nalin Johri
Best Student in Medical and Psychiatric Social
5. Aloysius Soares Prize and Institute Shield for the
Ms. Bina Fernandez
Best Student in Urban and Rural Community
6. The Prize instituted by the 1987-89 batch of Ms. Anupama Sastry
PMIR students for the student ranked second in
Personnel Management and Industrial Relations
7. Prof. P.D. Kulkarni Prize for the Best Student in Ms. Sucharita Hota
the course Social Policy and Planning
8. Mrs. S.R. Panakal Shield for the Best Student in
Ms. Sucharita Hota
the course Social Work in Industry
9. Najamai A. Minocher-Homji Prize for the Best Ms. Bina Fernandez
10. Mrs. S.R. Panakal Shield for the Best Personnel Mr. Atul Kumar Sharma
Management and Industrial Relations student in
11. NIPM Silver Medal for student securing highest Mr. T.G.C. Prasad
marks in Personnel Management and Industrial
Relations for 1992-93
12. Prof. Grace Mathew Field Work Shield and Ms. Madhu J. Malhotra
Award for Social Work in the Department of
Criminology and Correctional Administration
13. Prof. Grace Mathew Field Work Shield and Ms. Nandini Reddy
Award for Social Work in the Department of
Family and Child Welfare
14. Prof. Grace Mathew Field Work Shield and Ms. Sunitha Kuruvilla
Award for Social Work in the Department of
Urban and Rural Community Development
Director's Report 471
15. Mr. Kalidas M. Shah Field Work Shield and Prof Ms. Aparna Ambedkar
Grace Mathew Field Work Shield and Award for
Social Work in the Department of Medical and
Psychiatric Social Work
This evening, we witness yet another batch of graduates leaving the portals of this
Institute to take positions of responsibility in contributing social welfare development
organisations, and, most importantly, as young adult members in the family. In this
International Year of the Family, as designated by the United Nations Organisation,
it is only appropriate that we usher your entry into a new phase of responsibility,
building on the strengths you have so far derived from links securely anchored to
the family. The newer functions you will assume in society are in many ways
extensions of responsible conduct as a member of this primary institution, the family.
Considering ourselves as additional members of your extended family, we have
endeavoured to instil in you a sense of purpose and equip you with skills to contribute
to the human services. In your adult roles, we wish you total fulfilment of all your
aspirations and career plans and, we hope, that in all such endeavours, you will be
furthering our professional contributions to society. It is our request that you maintain
a strong association with this Institute, its faculty and its activities, and help us build
our social commitments to society.
We owe a great deal to the multifarious supports we have received from all our
patrons and well wishers. As in previous years, this year, also, we have received
immense support for which we are most grateful to all the Tata Trusts — the Sir
Dorabji Tata Trust, the J.R.D. Tata Trust, the J.R.D. Tata and Thelma Tata Trust,
the Sir Ratan Tata Trust, The Tata Relief Committee — and other donors in
government, industry, national and international organisations, in particular the Ford
Foundation, Indo-German Social Service, CARE-lndia, CRY and private philanthro-
pists. We are grateful to the University Grants Commission, and the Department of
Education in the Ministry of Human Resource Development, for their financial
assistance and readiness to look into our problems of finance. The Governing Board
under the Chairmanship of Shri J.J. Bhabha has been a source of great support and
we are most grateful to the Chairman and the Members. Finally, the Institute faculty
and staff have given me, as in previous years, full support to my work as Director
for which I remain ever grateful.
Dr. (Ms.) A.S. Desai
The Indian Journal of Social Work, Vol. LV, No. 3 (July 1994)