ANNUAL REPORT (1957) B Y S M T . M A R Y C L U B W A L A JADHAV ...
ANNUAL REPORT
(1957)
B Y S M T . M A R Y C L U B W A L A JADHAV
Hon. General Secretary, I . C . S . W .
At the outset, I am grieved to report to
We have yet suffered another loss at the
you the sad demise of Smt. H a n n a h Sen, one sad and sudden demise of Dr. Smt. Ganguben
of our Ex-Vice-Presidents, and President of Hadkar, a prominent social worker of Broach.
the Delhi state branch, I.C.S.W. and one of Dr. H a d k a r took a keen interest in the work
the foremost social workers in the country. of the Conference and many other social
Mrs. Sen's death has created a void in the service agencies. She was a member of our
field of Social Work, which is difficult to C.E.C. and had attended the 5th International
fill in.
Conference of Social Work at Paris, in 1950
and almost all annual sessions of our
I am extremely sorry to report to you the organisations.
sad demise of Dr. J. M. K u m a r a p p a who
passed away on October 26, 1957, at Bombay.
Let us pay homage to the departed souls
Dr. K u m a r a p p a was one of the main founder-
and pray God to rest their souls in eternal
members of this organisation as the Chairman
peace!
of the Organising Committee of the First
INTRODUCTORY
All-India Conference of Social Work held in
Bombay in 1947. He was the Vice-President
With this report, the Indian Conference of
of the Conference for a number of years and
Social Work completes a decade of its
represented us at the International Conference
existence. By and large, the organisation has
of Social Work at Atlantic City, in 1948 where
rendered useful service during the last ten
he made a historic speech. He was the Vice-
years. You all know, I am certain, the story
President of the International Conference of of its beginnings. It was a part of the general
Social Work and it was at his insistence the coming to life which marked the advent of
first meeting of the world body was held in Independence in 1947. As might have been
Madras, in 1952 when the decision to set up expected, it dedicated itself permanently to
a Regional Office of the International Confe-
spread this awakening—to stimulate public
rence for South-East Asia at Bombay was interest in social needs and social work.
taken. He was one of the pioneers of
This report also contains the Report of the
modern thought in social work and by his Evaluation Sub-Committee appointed by the
death the Conference and the field of social C.E.C. I am sure, the report of the Evaluation
work has sustained an irreparable loss.
Sub-Committee not only gives a fair a n d
comprehensive idea of what we achieved so
Shri B. G. Kher, Ex-Chief Minister of far but also have made useful suggestions
Bombay State and ardent lifelong social regarding the future development of this
Worker, who inaugurated the first All-India organisation.
Conference of Social Work, in 1947, passed
away in Poona last year.
Recommendations of the Jaipur Session.
Shri A. J. John, Governor of Madras, a O n e thousand five hundred copies of the
lifelong social worker and the President of our
recommendations of the Jaipur Session
Madras state branch expired last month.
(1956) and the reports of the Panels and

A N N U A L R E P O R T
225
Sub-Committees were circulated to all
7. Shri D. D. G u p t a (Ex-Minister for
Central and State Governments and other
Labour), Bombay.
bodies in the field of welfare, such as
8. Smt. Gulestan R. B. Billimoria, Bombay.
Municipalities, All-India social work organi-
9. Smt. Pushpaben Mehta, ( C h a i r m a n ) ,
sations, etc. T h e reports of the three
Bombay State Social Welfare Advisory
Workshops have been separately published in
Board.
the Decennial Anniversary Number of the
10. Dr. J. F. Bulsara, Bombay (President's
I.C.S.W. Bulletin.
Nominee).
11. Shri P. R. Bhatt, Children's Aid Society,
Proceedings of the Jaipur Session.—The
Bombay {President's Nominee).
proceedings of the Jaipur Session were 12. Shri John Barnabas, Bombay (Presi-
published in the M a r c h 1957 number of The
dent's Nominee).
Indian Journal of Social Work, published by
13. Smt. M. C. Jadhav (Honorary General
the Department of Publications of the T A T A
Secretary), Madras.
I N S T I T U T E OF SOCIAL S C I E N C E S , Bombay.
14. Shri B. Chatterjee (Executive Secre-
Hindi Edition of Proceedings.—According
tary) (Ex-officio).
to the recommendation of the C.E.C. to bring
Subsequently, Shri K. A. Gafoor, Deputy
out a Hindi edition of the proceedings, Secretary to Government of Bombay, Social
negotiations were made with the Editors of and Labour Welfare Department joined this
the Samaj Quarterly, published by the Committee as one of the nominated members
Institute of Social Sciences, Kashi Vidyapeeth,
of the C.E.C.
Banaras. They h a d agreed to our proposal to
print them provided we buy a number of
Nomination of the Central Executive
copies to the tune of Rs. '500 as our subsidy. Committee.—In execution of her consti-
However, the work of translation is still going tutional powers, the President nominated the
on and it is too late to bring out the number. following representatives of Government
We have, therefore, written to the editor to Departments concerned with Social Welfare
consider whether the proceedings of the to the membership of the Executive
present anniversary session could be published
Committee: —
in the next number after January, 1958.
1. Ministry of Education and Scientific
Appointment of a Working Committee.— Research, Government of India, New Delhi—
As per the constitution and the recommen-
Shri K. G. Saiyidain, Secretary to
dations of the last C.E.C. the President Government.
appointed a Working Committee as usual
2. Ministry of Health, Government of
consisting of the following: —
India, New Delhi—Dr. Mrs. S. Bhatia,
1. Smt. Hansa M e h t a (President).
Adviser on Maternity and Child Welfare,
2. Dr. Jivraj N. Mehta, Bombay.
Directorate General of Health Services, New
3. Smt. Zarina E. G. Currimbhoy, Bombay Delhi.
(Hon. Treasurer).
3. Ministry of Labour, Government of
4. Professor A. R. W a d i a (Hon.
India, New Delhi—Shri N. S. Mankiker,
Treasurer).
Chief Adviser Factories, New Delhi.
5. Shri F. R. Surti {Hon. Treasurer).
4. Labour and Social Welfare Department,
6. Smt. A. Wahabuddin Ahmed (Hon. Government of Bombay, Bombay—Shri K. A.
Assoc. Secretary).
Gafoor, Deputy Secretary to Government.

226
A N N U A L R E P O R T
5. Department of Social Welfare, Govern-
2. Shri P. R. Nayak, I.C.S. (Director of
ment of Mysore, Bangalore—Shri K. R.
Seminar).
Marudeva Gowda, Director.
3. Shri B. K. Chandiwala [Associate
Director).
Observance of Social Welfare Day.—In
4. Smt. Mary Clubwala Jadhav (Hono-
view of the dates announced for the General
rary General Secretary, I.C.S.W.).
Elections, it was decided to advance the
5. Shri B. K. Sen, Municipal Commis-
observance of Social Welfare Day (usually
sioner, Calcutta.
celebrated on February 20) to February 9,
6. Shri B. Chatterjee (Seminar Secretary).
1957. T h e Day was adequately observed by
the state branches by holding public meetings,
T h e functions of this Committee would
fund-raising campaign, press publicity, etc. be: —
Smt. Hansa Mehta, President of the I.C.S.W.
(i) To keep abreast of conditions in
broadcast a talk on the day which was trans-
various slums or areas about to degenerate
lated over the air in some states in their into slums.
regional languages.
(ii) To watch with interest, comment, and
Seminar on Slum Clearance.—A Seminar support any government, municipal, volun-
to discuss the problem of slum clearance was tary project on any aspect of slum clearance
held at the T A T A I N S T I T U T E OF SOCIAL an d slum-dwelling.
S C I E N C E S , Bombay, in May (14-20), 1957.
(iii) To secure implementation of the
M u c h first-hand knowledge of the problem, recommendations of the Seminar on Slum
extensive investigation and study, adminis-
Clearance.
trative experience and expert judgment went
(iv) To arouse public interest, create
into the deliberations which were attended public opinion, and secure public co-operation
by mayors and executive authorities of major for improvement in the conditions of dwellers
municipalities, representatives of governments,
in slums.
top-ranking engineers, architects, town
planners, sociologists, economists, psychiatrists,
(v) To undertake scientific research and
social workers, representatives of trade unions,
studies on various aspects of slum problem.
employers and property owners. Represen-
(vi) To keep the All-India Standing
tatives of international organisations were also Committee informed of the local development
present.
in this regard.
Shri P. R. Nayak, I.C.S., Municipal
Deputation to Prime Minister.—The
Commissioner, Bombay was the Director of members of the All-India Standing Committee
the Seminar and Shri B. K. Chandiwala of on Slum Clearance waited on deputation
the Bharat Sevak Samaj was the Associate on the Prime Minister of India at New Delhi,
Director. T h e proceedings of the Seminar on November 7, 1957, with a request to
were published and circulated to all govern-
enunciate a National Housing Policy which
ment departments and public agencies ceases to regard housing as unproductive
concerned with the problem. As recommended
enterprise; and further requested t h a t the
by the Seminar, an All-India Standing question relating to Housing, Town and
Committee on Slum Clearance was formed Country Planning and Slum Clearance which
consisting of the following members:
are, at present, undertaken in the different
1. Smt. Hansa Mehta, President, I.C.S.W.
ministries of the Central Government and
(Chairman).
departments at state level should be integrated

A N N U A L R E P O R T
227
into a comprehensive Department or according to the new constitution, the
Ministry of Housing and T o w n Planning composition of the C.E.C. consisted of
among other recommendations.
representatives of All-India organisations, state
branches, schools of Social Work and depart-
(a) In Bombay a local committee has ments of Social Welfare of various govern-
been set up under the Chairmanship of ments, etc. At this meeting six representatives
Shri Shantilal H. Shah, Minister for Law and
from different All-India organisations were
Labour, Government of Bombay and con-
present.
sisting of the members who participated in
the Seminar from the City of Bombay. Some
International Social Service.—The I.C.S.W.
members of this Committee waited on deputa-
continues to handle all International Service
tion on the Union Housing Minister and the cases regarding action in India, with the help
Chief Minister of Bombay with a request to of its state branches and members. A number
implement the ' Recommendations of the of cases were referred to us from various
Seminar.
branches of the I.S.S. which we have serviced
through appropriate agencies in the area.
(b) T h e Bombay Committee is focussing its
attention on the problem of urban community
Research.—Last year, we appointed a Sub-
development and is exploring the possibility Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr.
of launching such a project in Bombay. A M. V. Moorthy of the TATA INSTITUTE OF
national seminar on the subject is also pro-
SOCIAL S C I E N C E S and a research project on
posed to be held in the second half of 1958, the Study of Beggar Problem in greater
probably in Hyderabad.
Bombay was undertaken. Opinions were
Similar local ad hoc committees are being invited from important persons likely to be
appointed at Calcutta, Delhi, K a n p u r , and in touch with the problem on number and
Madras.
type of beggars, methods of their rehabilitation
and so on. Fourthly, institutions connected
T h e souvenir brought out on this occasion with beggars in Bombay were studied with
has received appreciation of a large number a view to finding out their intake, rehabilita-
of persons. Copies of these were distributed tion programmes, financial and personnel
free to all those who attended the opening resources, etc. Fifthly and finally, a census
session, besides a large number of copies have
survey of beggars was taken in the beginning
been despatched to our state branches, of April 1957 in the Fort area of Bombay.
members of C.E.C., important municipalities
in India and abroad, important Social Wel-
Thematic Presentation of I.C.S.W. Litera-
fare agencies in India and abroad.
ture.—As a part of the Conference Pro-
gramme this year, a sub-committee consisting
Meetings of Working and Central Executive of three members was appointed to prepare
Committees.—During the present calendar a volume on a thematic presentation of the
year, four meetings of the Working Com-
proceedings of the nine sessions of the
mittee and three meetings of the Central I.C.S.W. as also two seminars and the Labour
Executive Committee (at Jaipur, on January Conference, covering the important fields of
1, 1957, at Bombay May 12, 1957, and at Social Welfare at Delhi. The Committee
New Delhi on November 8 and 9, 1957) consisted of the following members: —
were held.
1. Shri M. S. Gore (Convener) 2. Shri P. D.
At this meeting amendments to the con-
Kulkarni (Member) 3. Shri V. M. Kulkarni
stitution of the I.C.S.W. were discussed, and
(Member).

228
A N N U A L R E P O R T
Later Shri I. E. Soares was co-opted on submission to the Tokyo Session of the Inter-
the sub-committee. With the help of a research
national Conference next year. It was decided
assistant the Committee has completed the to hold a meeting of this Committee at the
work of the volume which is now ready for time of Madras Session (1957) to discuss the
sale.
basis in preparation of the report, when
representatives of state branches may also be
Special Number of the I.C.S.W. Bulletin.— invited to participate.
A special number of the I.C.S.W. bulletin is
also being published to enumerate and assess
Reception of foreign visitors after Tokyo
the achievements in the fields of social work Conference.—A number of foreign visitors are
during the past decade.
expected to visit Delhi for a Study Seminar
after the Tokyo Conference. In co-operation
Evaluation Committee.—The C.E.C. which with the Delhi Branch of the I.C.S.W. we
met in Bombay in May 1957, appointed a hope to prepare the plan for the aforesaid
Sub-Committee on the subject " I N D I A N Seminar. The delegates will be in Delhi from
C O N F E R E N C E O F S O C I A L W O R K I N December 21 to 23, 1958.
R E T R O S P E C T A N D P R O S P E C T " con-
sisting of the following members: 1. Dr. J. F.
Urban Community Development.—We
Bulsara (elected Chairman of the Committee), were planning to hold an U r b a n Community
2. Shri John Barnabas, and 3. Shri K. A. Development Seminar some time early next
Gafoor and to evaluate the work of the year, in Madras. However, in view of the fact
Conference and suggest lines for future that the 10th anniversary session is now being
development.
held in Madras, the Working Committee has
decided that the Seminar on U r b a n Commu-
National Child Care Code.—In response nity Development be held elsewhere. In this
to our request m a d e in 1955, the Ministry of
connection, we are exploring the possibility
Education and Scientific Research has recently of holding the Seminar in Hyderabad.
appointed an ad hoc committee to prepare a
report on the National Child Care Code.
Constitutional Changes.—The C.E.C.
Shri B. Chatterjee, Executive Secretary, which met in Jaipur last year, appointed a
I.C.S.W. was invited to be a member on this Sub-Committee to suggest various constitu-
ad hoc committee.
tional changes in view of the changing needs
in the field of social work. And, according
Pamphlets on Social Work.—Last year, we to the suggestions of the Sub-Committee, the
reported that pamphlets are being prepared Honorary Constitutional Referee framed the
on various aspects of social welfare for the amendments to the constitution of the
guidance of social workers. I am sorry to I.C.S.W. One of the main features of the new
say that we have not so far received any constitution is that there will be a new class
manuscript from the persons concerned and of membership called "Corporate Members"
I hope they will send us their manuscripts which will enable the Headquarters of All-
in order to enable us to publish the pamphlets
India Social Work agencies to become
during the ensuing year.
members of the I.C.S.W. which will entitle
National Committee Report to the Tokyo them a seat in the C.E.C. of the I.C.S.W.
Conference.—The Committee appointed for T h e C.E.C. will now have a two-year term.
the Thematic Presentation of I.C.S.W.
A meeting of State Social Welfare Ministers
Literature has been requested to prepare a is also being planned at the time of the present
draft of the National Committee Report for annual session and it is hoped t h a t vital

A N N U A L R E P O R T
229
matters connected with organisation and
Nominations Committee.—As decided at
administration of Social State Welfare a meeting of the C.E.C. held in Jaipur in
Department will be discussed at this meeting.
1956, a Nominations Committee consisting of
Advisory Board on Social Welfare.— the following was appointed: —
Smt. Gulestan R. B. Billimoria who has been
1. Prof. A. R. Wadia (Chairman).
a member of the Social Welfare Advisory
Board of the Education Ministry in her
2. Shri M. S. Gore (Member).
capacity as the Honorary General Secretary
3. Shri S. Nageswaran (Member) and
attended a meeting of the Social Advisory
4. Shri S. R. Venkataraman (Member).
Board held in Delhi on January 23, 1957.
T h e C.E.C. has now decided that the
This Committee met in Delhi in November,
Honorary General Secretary of the I.C.S.W. 1957 a n d finalised the procedure for nomina-
in office will attend the future meetings of tions. This report was approved by the C.E.C.
the Advisory Board on Social Welfare.
members with minor changes and the
Committee has presented a slate of names
State Branches.—After the re-organisation for elections of office-bearers for the
of states, the work of the state branches have
term 1958-59.
been considerably dislocated. However, a
Separation of Accounts.—The Working
state branch has been formed in Bombay very
Committee which met in Bombay on
recently. Despite many efforts we have not September 14, 1957, passed the following
been able to integrate the Andhra and resolution:
Hyderabad branches into a new A n d h r a
Pradesh branch. We have not been able to
" I n view of the difficulties explained by
form an integrated M . P . branch.
the Executive Secretary in his report, the
Committee decided that a single bank account
For the first time since its inception, I, as as at present may be operated till we have
the Hon. Gen. Secretary, visited a number a sufficient bank balance to open three. In the
of state branches of the Conference during meanwhile, three separate ledger accounts
the current year, including West Bengal and as decided by the C.E.C. may be kept. It was
Bihar. State branches have great value in further decided that the current account in
stimulating the work of the organisation. the name of the 'Indian Conference of Social
Smt. W a h a b u d d i n Ahmed, H o n . Assoc. Work—Central Office' with the Central
Secretary visited J a m m u and Kashmir to Bank of India Ltd., Bombay be operated
prepare preliminary ground for the formation jointly by the following: —
of a state branch there. T h e Yuvraj and the
H o n . Treasurers (any o n e ) — S m t .
Yuvarani Saheba have assured Smt. Ahmed Zarina E. G. Currimbhoy, or Prof. A. R.
of their full support to the work of the branch
Wadia, or Shri F. R. Surti.
when formed. Similarly, a number of
important officials and non-officials of the
Any of the following—1. Dr. Jivraj N.
state have assured their full support. She also Mehta, 2. Smt. A. W a h a b u d d i n Ahmed,
visited A n d h r a Pradesh with me and Punjab Hon. Assoc. Secretary, 3. Shri B. Chatterjee,
and U . P . branch on her way back to Delhi Executive Secretary. l.C.S.W."
from Kashmir in connection with the work
Necessary steps have been taken in the
of the Conference.
matter.

230
A N N U A L R E P O R T
I.C.S.W. REPRESENTATION IN OTHER ORGANISATIONS
During the same year under reference, a
sum of Rs. 16,450.00 was collected by way
of grants, donations, and advertisement
charges for the Seminar on Slum Clearance
which was carried over to the present financial
year. T h e total receipts for the Seminar a / c
were Rs. 31,910.00, whereas the total expenses
for it were Rs. 15,174.94. So we have a saving

A N N U A L R E P O R T
231
of Rs. 16,735.56 on account of this Seminar. ment of Bombay, Bihar, M.P., U.P., and
(A part of this amount will have to be used other States.
for the follow up work in connection with the
Staff and Establishment.—The Working
Seminar, such as publication of Proceedings Committee which met in Bombay last
(in press), the establishment of All-India approved the transfer of Miss Zakia Khan,
Standing Committee on Slum Clearance and Executive Secretary of the Hyderabad Branch
for future seminars.)
of I.C.S.W. to the Central Office as Assistant
So, our total collections for the year Secretary for both the Central Office and the
1956-'57 were Rs. 38,403-10-0 (excluding the
South-east Asia Regional Office of the Inter-
Seminar a / c ) and total expenditure for the national Conference in the vacancy caused
same period was Rs. 41,838-6-9. O u t of this by the resignation of Mrs. Shirin Dastur Patel
amount a sum of Rs. 4,984-1-0 was invested on personal grounds.
in Government Securities (face value is
Rs. 5,000). A sum of Rs. 4,087-14-0 was spent
Acknowledgements.—I take this oppor-
on Beggars' Survey a / c against which we had
tunity of placing on record our sincere
recovered only Rs. 2,500 (being the first
gratitude and thanks to Smt. H a n s a M e h t a
instalment of the total grant of Rs. 8,000) who has guided the work of the Conference
from the Government of India during the year
for the past three years. H e r term of office
1956-'57. All those assets were reserved against
ends this year, and, I am sure, she will
the Government of India grant of Rs. 8,000 continue to take interest in the work of the
for Research Division. When we closed the Conference a n d give us her support and
books for 1956-'57 the position was: —
encouragement from time to time. I will be
failing in my duty, if I do not express our
grateful thanks to Dr. Jivraj N. M e h t a who
has been a pillar of strength and support to
the organisation ever since its inception. I am
also grateful to the Governments of Andhra,
Bombay, Rajasthan, the Municipal Corpo-
rations of Ahmedabad, Bombay, and Calcutta
for giving generous financial assistance to the
Conference.
We are specially grateful to Shri P. R.
Nayak, Shri B. K. Chandiwala for their
meritorious work in connection with the
Seminar on Slum Clearance and to the donors
and industrial concerns who generously
supported the Seminar through grants,
donations and by taking advertisement space
in the souvenir published on the occasion.
We are indebted to Shri M. J. Gazdar, our
Hon. Constitutional Referee and Messrs. P. C.
Hansotia & Co., our H o n . Auditors. I am
thankful to my colleagues and the staff in the
We have yet to receive our regular grants Central Office for helping me in the discharge
from the Government of India, the Govern-
of my duties during the current year.

232
A N N U A L R E P O R T
A P P E N D I X
T h e Bombay Public Trusts Act, 1950, Registered
Name of the Public T r u s t :
Balance Sheet as
As per our report of even date
(Sd.) P. C. Hansotia & Co.
Chartered Accountants,
Auditors.

A N N U A L R E P O R T
233
6
No. F. 321 (Bom.), Schedule V I I I [Vide Rule 17(1)]
I N D I A N C O N F E R E N C E O F SOCIAL W O R K
at 31st March, 1957
Total . .. 57,832 15 5
(Sd.) Smt. A. Wahabuddin Ahmed,
Bombay,
Hony. Associate Secretary,
6th September, 1957.
Indian Conference of Social Work,
Bombay 1.
Trustee.

234
A N N U A L R E P O R T
A P P E N D I X
I N D I A N C O N F E R E N C E O F S O C I A L
Statement of Receipts and Payments Account
Bombay,
11th December, 1957

A N N U A L R E P O R T
235
WORK, CENTRAL OFFICE, BOMBAY
from 1st April, 1957 to 30th November, 1957
(Sd.) F. R. SURTI,
Honorary Treasurer.