ANNUAL REPORT S M T . G U L E S T A N R. B. BILLIMORIA ( H o n ....
S M T . G U L E S T A N R. B. BILLIMORIA
( H o n . General Secretary, Indian Conference of Social Work)
While presenting the seventh annual Conference of Social Work came into
report of the I n d i a n Conference of Social existence this year—viz., in Andhra, M a d h y a
Work; I m a y be permitted to state briefly Pradesh, Rajasthan and Travancore-Cochin,
how the aims and aspirations of the founders thus bringing the total number of State
of this organisation have shaped during the Branches to 14. Preliminary work for the
course of the last few years. It is true t h a t establishment of the Punjab State Branch
we have been successful in creating a con-
was undertaken recently at C h a n d i g a r h by
siderable degree of "welfare consciousness" Shrimati Shirin Dastur Patel, our Asstt.
among the administrators and people of Secretary. This session at Lucknow, we hope,
India, yet we cannot honestly say t h a t all will provide an opportunity to our delegates
our efforts and aspirations have been from the Punjab to meet the office-bearers
crowned with success. We have yet a long and the staff of the Central Office and other
way to go. T h e r e is so m u c h activity and established State Branches to acquaint
vitality in the field of social work in India themselves with the aims and objects as well
today, t h a t one is likely to feel the absence as the organizational work of the Conference.
of a central guiding force in the country. We soon hope to see the Punjab State
In several ways, the Indian Conference of Branch coming into existence.
Social Work has been the first to co-ordinate
T h e activities of the Assam Branch have
the activities of voluntary organisations been considerably curtailed owing to the
within the country. Whilst we refrain from devastating floods that occurred there during
passing resolutions at our annual sessions, the course of this year. T h e Bihar Branch
we have time and again passed one resolution has proved successful in focussing public
and t h a t related to the establishment of a opinion on social problems by holding
separate Ministry of Social Welfare. I am, quarterly public meetings and by actively co-
therefore, very glad t h a t the Government operating with other All-India organizations.
of India is considering t h a t proposal seriously. T h e Bombay City Branch conducted a
We do hope t h a t a Ministry will be regular series of discussions and courses
established at the Central level and prepare relating to social welfare. Three outstand-
the ground for the establishment of welfare ingly successful symposia were organized by
Departments at the State level as well.
the Delhi Branch on "Self-Help a n d
Community Action", " L a b o u r Welfare—
T h e ' year under review m a y not have Whose Responsibility?", and "Socially
seen any spectacular achievements, but it Dependent Children", as well as a Seminar
has been a year of consolidation of our on "The First Five Year Plan". Our
activities. We have now been able to Hyderabad State Branch has been as active
establish State and District Branches in 14 as ever with organizing flood relief, peace
States and are attempting to set up standards committees, removal of untouchability and
for all these units.
a fund-raising campaign for a R a d i u m
B R A N C H E S
Institute. T h e tempo of activities of t h e
Four new State Branches of the India M a d h y a Bharat Branch was slowed down
2 5 8 ANNUAL REPORT
considerably on account of the temporary were four specially selected Panels, which
transfer of its Hon. Executive Secretary. The discussed four basic questions related to the
Madras State Branch has added yet another main theme. In addition, there were various
feather to its cap by securing Government study groups which provided an opportunity
recognition for its Madras School of Social for the delegates to come together and
Work, by starting a Juvenile Service Bureau exchange experiences and ideas.
in Madras City and by organizing a very
successful State Conference at Salem. Our
The South East Asia Regional Office,
branch in Uttar Pradesh has been busy International Conference of Social Work,
throughout the year with the organizational devised a low-cost group travel scheme for
"details of the Lucknow Session. And finally, Indian delegates to the Toronto Conference.
the West Bengal State Branch has initiated For about Rs. 7,000/- per head, delegates
an in-service training course for child wel-
were enabled to have an excellent pre-
fare workers in the State and also lately conference study tour of Canada, to parti-
organized its annual State Conference at cipate in the actual session at Toronto, to
take a post-conference study tour of the
U.S.A., and finally a tour of Europe. This
INDIAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE REPORT
was all covered within the period of eight
A detailed questionnaire was circulated weeks. 73 delegates from India participated
to all its National Committees by the in the Conference, most of whom took
International Conference of Social Work, advantage of this scheme. The leader of the
nine months before its seventh session at Indian delegation was Dr. Anugrah Narayan
Toronto (Canada) in June-July 1954. The Sinha, Finance Minister, Government of
questionnaire dealt with various aspects of Bihar and President, Bihar State Branch,
the main theme of the Conference "Self-
ICSW. He was one of the speakers at the
Help and Co-operative Action". The Plenary Sessions and delivered a speech on
National Reports, prepared well in advance, "Leadership Training in Self-Help Pro-
were to form the basis of the discussions grammes", which was much appreciated. The
at the various Commissions appointed for Indian delegation represented a fairly good
the actual session. Since the Indian Con-
cross-section of Indian social welfare,
ference of Social Work acts as the National including as it did trained social workers
Committee of the International Conference and scientists, government officials, State
of Social Work in India, we invited the Ministers, representatives of leading indus-
opinions of several social scientists, social trial firms and voluntary welfare workers.
workers and administrators on the subject. Shri S. K. Dey, I.C.S., Development
Commissioner, West Bengal, was the Chair-
SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF man of a Panel discussion on "How to Meet
the Threats to Self-Help" while Shrimati
The Seventh International Conference of Saudamini Mehta, Miss Hersey and myself
Social Work was held in Toronto (Canada) acted as Chairmen of three study groups.
from June 26 to July 2, 1954. The theme
of the Conference was "Promoting Social
With the kind and prompt help of the
Welfare through Self-Help and Co-operative Government of India, the State Governments
Action". Aside of the Plenary Sessions, and various voluntary agencies, it became
addressed by outstanding speakers, there possible for us to project a first-class Social
ANNUAL REPORT 2 5 9
Welfare Exhibition as well as some excellent
(b) Administrative techniques demanded
Indian films at the Toronto Conference.
in planning and executing projects of
development embracing entire local
T H E FORD FOUNDATION AND THE ICSW
areas and communities—e.g., the
Another noteworthy event this year has
Tennesee Valley Authority in the
been the unqualified support and co-opera-
U.S.A. and the Planning Board in the
tion given to us by the Ford Foundation.
Puerto Rican Commonwealth.
We felt that there were very able men and
(c) Organization, accomplishments and
women in the field of social welfare in India
current problems of extension work
who could make a distinct contribution to
among rural communities.
the Seventh International Conference of
(d) Financing and execution of schemes
Social Work at Toronto, but could not attend
for slum clearance and improved
it at their own expense. We, therefore,
housing for families with low incomes.
approached the Ford Foundation who readily
(e) Development patterns devised for
acceded to our request. Thus it was that
socially vulnerable and economically
five Indian delegates were specially selected
backward groups like the Negroes and
by the ICSW and the Foundation to
the Red Indian tribes in U.S.A. and
represent India at the Conference and there-
after to undertake an eight week's lecture-
(f) Factors responsible for the size and
cum-study tour of various countries before
pace of industrial growth in backward
returning home. The delegates so chosen
areas and the conditions of success
of small and medium-scale enterprise.
1. Shri S. K. Dey, I.C.S., Development
Shri S. C. Dutta concentrated on adult
Commissioner, Government of West education techniques in the U.S.A., U.K.,
Sweden and Denmark. Smt. Jaishree Raiji, in
2. Shri S. C. Dutta, Assoc. Secretary, her visit to the U.S.A. and Japan, confined
Indian Adult Education Association herself to child welfare, community organi-
and Hon. Gen. Secretary, Delhi zation in neighbourhood houses, the Red
Indian settlements and small-scale industries.
3. Smt. Jaishree Raiji, M.P., Bombay.
Smt. Vimlabai Deshmukh concerned herself
4. Smt. Vimlabai Deshmukh, All India primarily with Home Economic Departments
Food Council, New Delhi.
in urban and rural areas in U.S.A. and else-
5. Kumari P. Vakharia, Dean, Faculty of where. Finally, Kumari P. Vakharia devoted
Social Work, M. S. University, Baroda. her entire study tour to schools providing
social work education in Canada, U.S.A. and
Shri S. K. Dey's contribution to the Con-
ference was particularly outstanding. His tour
RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE HYDERABAD
included the U.S.A., Puerto Rico, Mexico,
Hawaii and Japan. This itinerary was drawn
up for him as he wished to discuss and study
One thousand copies of the recommenda-
tions passed at our last annual session at
Hyderabad, in December 1953 were printed
(a) Basic conditions determining the and circulated to the Central and State
progress of industrially backward and Governments, as well as semi-official bodies
heavily populated regions.
and All-India social welfare organizations
2 6 0 ANNUAL REPORT
particularly concerned with the above-
surplus amounting to Rs. 3,805-0-8. This has
mentioned recommendations. The response now been split up between the Council and
from the various governments and agencies the ICSW, each having received
in the matter has been quite encouraging. Rs. 1902-8-4.
REPRESENTATION AT VARIOUS CONFERENCES
SOCIAL WELFARE DAY
Shri B. Chatterjee, Executive Secretary,
This year, the Social Welfare Day was
observed on February 20th with great eclat ICSW, in his capacity as the Assistant
all over India. State and District Branches Secretary-General (South East Asia), Inter-
of the ICSW vied with each other to focus national Conference of Social Work, attended
public attention upon the social policies of the First All Burma Conference of Social
the day as well as on the recommendations Work held at Rangoon in January last. He
of the last annual session at Hyderabad. The also represented the ICSW at the Second
main theme selected for the Social Welfare Annual Conference of the All India Council
Day deliberations this year was "Social of Labour and Welfare Officers held at
Welfare through Self-Help and Co-operative Madras in the beginning of February.
Action". Dr. Jivraj N. Mehta, President,
At the invitation of the ICSW, Prof. P. R.
ICSW, once again broadcast the message Sen, President, West Bengal State Branch,
of the Social Welfare Day to the people of ICSW, Shri S. R. Venkataraman, Hon.
India. We are indeed very grateful to the Associate Secretary, Madras State Branch,
members of the ICSW as well as of the ICSW; and Kumari Parin Vakharia, Hon.
public for having taken such an intelligent Gen. Secretary, Baroda District Branch
interest in the proceedings of the Day.
ICSW, attended a Conference of the Bharat
Sevak Samaj Convenors at Pawapuri
ALL INDIA COUNCIL OF LABOUR AND
(Bihar) held in February this year. The
problems of re-organization within the
It may be recollected that in our annual Bharat Sevak Samaj, however, were so
report for the year 1953, a mention had pressing that the relationship between it and
been made regarding the formation of an the ICSW was not discussed as fully or as
All India Council of Labour and Welfare satisfactorily as anticipated.
Officers at the end of the First Conference
organized for the purpose by the Indian
Smt. G. R. B. Billimoria, Hon. Gen.
Conference of Social Work in Bombay. Secretary, and Shri B. Chatterjee, Executive
Since then, its second annual conference was Secretary, ICSW, in their capacities as
held in Madras last February. It was the Asstt. Treasurer-General and Asstt.
decided there that the Council should have Secretary-General, International Conference
its own individual entity. The ICSW acceded of Social Work respectively, attended the
to this request, for its aim has always been Seventh International Conference of Social
to initiate new projects and then hand them Work at Toronto (Canada) in June-July,
over to responsible people. We wish the All 1954.
India Council of Labour and Welfare
Dr. Jivraj N. Mehta, President, ICSW,
Officers every success and hope that it may presided over a Conference specially called
grow from strength to strength.
to inaugurate the Travancore-Cochin State
In the organization of the First Labour Branch, ICSW, held at Ernakulam last
Conference in April 1953, the ICSW had a October.
A N N U A L R E P O R T 2 6 1
Smt. Shirin Dastur Patel, Asstt. Secretary, of Bombay, but these attempts have not
I C S W , attended the All Gujarat Conference proved to be successful so far.
of Social Work at Rajkot (Saurashtra) in
In J a n u a r y last, we secured the services
July this year. On behalf of the I C S W , she of Smt. Shirin Dastur Patel as the Assistant
also attended the F o u r t h All India Con-
Secretary of the Indian Conference of Social
ference on M o r a l and Social Hygiene held at Work. She is concurrently working as the
Chandigarh (Punjab) in November last.
Assistant Secretary to the South East Asia'
Regional Office, International Conference of
P L A N N I N G C O M M I S S I O N ' S R E Q U E S T
T h e Planning Commission, a few months
ago approached the I C S W as to whether it
Shri P. G. Thomas, o u r Accounts Clerk,
would be interested in undertaking a project left us at the beginning of the year and in his
for evaluating training programmes for place we have appointed Shri R. G. Bapat.
different types of social work, including
C E N T R A L I C S W LIBRARY
tribal welfare, and drawing up training
curricula in keeping with the kind of workers
This library, located at our central office
required to implement social welfare p r o -
in Bombay, has been slowly but steadily
grammes within the general patten of expanding during the past few years. It now
national development. We readily acceded contains about 800 books and over 2,000
to this request by drawing up a detailed pamphlets — valuable material on social
m e m o r a n d u m on the subject and by specify-
welfare and related topics in India and
ing the cost involved (about Rs. 25,000/-) abroad. This year, the whole library has
a n d the time required (about six months) been properly classified a n d indexed by a
to complete this project. We are still await-
trained librarian, and we hope to throw open
ing a definite reply from the Planning this library to the public early next year.
Commission in this matter.
SOCIAL R E S E A R C H D I V I S I O N O F T H E I C S W
T h e scheme recently evolved by the ICSW
N E W PUBLICATIONS
for a Social Research Division is as follows:—
This year we have published the entire
proceedings of our Sixth Annual Conference
O n e of the main objects of the Indian
held in H y d e r a b a d last year in the M a r c h Conference of Social Work is to undertake
(1954) issue of the Indian Journal of Social scientific studies of social problems and to
Work. We have also brought out two issues create a pool of d a t a and knowledge so as
(June and December 1954) of the I C S W to evolve scientific procedures for the effec-
Bulletin. We do hope t h a t most of our tive solution of these problems. T h e two
members and delegates will become regular world wars, the struggle for Independence
subscribers to this six-monthly Bulletin. If and the partition of the country have created
we are able to secure a fairly large number colossal problems of poverty, unemployment,
of subscriptions shortly, we would like to ill-health, squalor, w a n t and disease. T h e
make the Bulleting a Quarterly.
phenomenal growth of population, and the
rapid industrialisation and urbanisation have
S T A F F AND E S T A B L I S H M E N T
adversely influenced the family, social life
D u r i n g the year, we m a d e several attempts and matrix of culture to a considerable
to secure better accommodation at a reason-
degree. No planning for social welfare can
able rent for t h e Central Office in the heart succeed unless it first assesses the quality and
2 6 2 ANNUAL REPORT
measures the extent of these influences on the considerable achievement to its credit in this
life of the communities. T h e importance of field. Besides these two subjects, we
social research as a basic pre-requisite for have not forgotten the topical interest t h a t
preparing blue-prints of workable plans and the Second Five-Year Plan has evoked in
keeping them constantly revised in the light the minds of most thinking people. This is
of changing data, has now been recognised a vast topic, so we have limited ourselves
as a sound practice in social planning all to "Problems of Social Welfare Administra-
over the world.
tion and the Second Five-Year Plan."
T h e Indian Conference of Social Work,
Aside of these, we have introduced a new
therefore, desires to set up a Research Divi-
feature this year—a Panel discussion on
sion under the auspices of its Central Office "Social Work in the Medical Setting." There
to plan, survey, pool, promote, execute and will be no paper reading here. A group of
direct several research projects in the field experts has been appointed to initiate the
of social welfare in India. T h e Division discussion. We are certain that our delegates
will take up for study subjects which have and observers will have equal opportunity
a direct bearing on the planning, administra-
to teach and learn from this Panel Discussion.
tion and evaluation of public and private
social services in both urban and rural areas.
T h e n too, three special sub-committees
have already got under way. T h e y will p r o -
In this connection, we have already vide authentic memoranda on (i) "Place of
approached the Rockefeller Foundation, the Social Sciences in Social Work Education",
Ford Foundation a n d the Planning Com-
(ii) " M i n i m u m Standards for Child C a r e
mission. T h e two Foundations have been Institutions in India", and (iii) "Family
unable to assist us at present, as their funds Planning and Social Welfare".
are directed to other channels. We are still
awaiting a reply from the Planning Commis-
It is our hope t h a t t h e programme chalked
out for t h e Seventh Annual Conference will
prove to be both worthwhile and enjoyable
T H E L U C K N O W S E S S I O N O F T H E I C S W , for all the participants.
D E C E M B E R 1954
T h r e e topics of current interest have been
F I N A N C E S
selected for the Sectional Meetings, which
As always, the financial position is not as
will form one p a r t of our annual session at encouraging as one would wish, because the
Lucknow this year. We feel t h a t the time work of the Indian Conference of Social
is now ripe for an assessment of the "Finan-
Work is not of a n a t u r e as to possess a direct
cing of Voluntary Welfare Work". U n d e r emotional appeal to the public. We have,
this heading, we shall be having discussions however, our small band of staunch sup-
on the Organization a n d Administration of porters, both governmental and voluntary
Charity Trusts as well as the novel method
(listed below) to whom we are deeply in-
of fund raising—viz., the Community Chest. debted:—
Since U t t a r Pradesh is our host this year,
we felt it was in the fitness of things to
choose "Correctional Administration", for
1. Government of I n d i a 7,500/-
every one of us realizes t h a t U . P . along
2. Sir Dorabji T a t a T r u s t 2,000/-
with Bombay, Mysore and other States has
3. Government of U t t a r Pradesh 1,000/-
ANNUAL REPORT 2 6 3
4. Government of Madhya Pradesh 1,000/-
these will be on December 26, 1954, and the
5. Government of Bihar 1,000/-
second on December 30, 1954.
6. Government of Hyderabad 500/-
A Working Committee was appointed by
7. Sir Ratan Tata Trust, Bombay 500/-
the President to function as an advisory
8. N. M. Wadia Charities, Bombay 500/-
committee to the Central Office, ICSW, in
9. American Women's Club, Bombay 500/-
Bombay throughout the year. It comprises
10. Government of Andhra 250/-
of the following members:—
11. Government of Saurashtra 250/-
1. Dr. Jivraj Mehta (President)
2. Smt. A. J. Matthai
T H E CENTRAL EXECUTIVE & WORKING
3. Prof. R. Choksi
4. Shri L. S. Kudchedkar
In consonance with Section 6(a), sub-
5. Smt. Zarina E. G. Currimbhoy (Hon.
clause (v) of the Constitution, the President
nominated the following five representatives
6. Prof. A. R. Wadia (Hon. Treasurer)
of Government Department on the Central
7. Shri F. R. Surti (Hon. Treasurer)
8. Smt. Gulestan. R. B. Billimoria (Hon.
1. Col. C. K. Lakshmanan, Director-
9. Shri B. Chatterjee, Executive Secre-
General of Health Services, Ministry
of Health, Government of India,
10. Smt. S. Dastur Patel, Assistant Secre-
2. Shri K. G. Saiyidain, Educational
DIRECT SERVICES BY THE BRANCHES
Adviser, Ministry of Education, In consonance with a resolution passed
Government of India, New Delhi.
by the C.E.C at Hyderabad on 26th Decem-
3. Shri N. S. Mankiker, Chief Adviser ber 1953, a circular was addressed to all State
(Factories), Ministry of Labour, Go-
and District Branches authorizing them to
vernment of India, New Delhi.
undertake direct welfare activities. Some of
the Branches have already launched on
4. Shri K. A. Gafoor, Director, Depart-
direct activity in the field, whereas others
ment of Social Services, Hyderabad. are planning out ways and means of putting
5. Shri B. N. Jha, Director of Education, this resolution into effect at an early date.
Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow.
We are very grateful to Dr. Jivraj N.
A meeting of the Central Executive Com-
Mehta, our outgoing President, for the
mittee of the ICSW was held on April 17, manner in which he has helped and guided
1954, in Bombay, which among other things, us at every turn. His sustained enthusiasm
finalized the programme of the Lucknow and support have strengthened us greatly
Session. Since the President was stationed during his tenure of office for the past three
in Bombay, the Central Office of the Confe-
years. Our thanks are also due to the
rence functioned throughout the year in members of the Central Executive and
consultation with him from time to time.
Working Committees, who travel long
Two C.E.C. meetings will be held at the distances to attend various meetings and
time of the Lucknow Session—the first of take a keen interest in the progress of our
2 6 4 ANNUAL REPORT
organization. We would be failing in our
Finally, our hearty thanks are due to the
duty if we did not record our sense of deep Uttar Pradesh State Branch, its energetic
appreciation for the timely financial help Chairman, Shri C. B. Gupta, its hard-worked
rendered to us by the various governments Hon. Gen. Secretary, Shri Sushil Chandra,
and donors. Our thanks are also due to as well as the members of its Executive
Shri M. J. Gazdar, our Hon. Constitutional Committee. To Dr. R. K. Mukerjee,
Referee, to our Hon. Auditors—Messrs. P. Chairman, and the members and volunteers
C. Hansotia & Co., to our office-bearers, of the Reception Committee, we are deeply
our colleagues in the Central Office and to indebted for the excellent work they have
every one of you members of the Indian put in towards the organization of the
Conference of Social Work for your con-
traditional Lucknow hospitality to this our
tinued interest and support during the year. Seventh Annual Session.
INDIAN CONFERENCE OF SOCIAL WORK
Income and Expenditure Account for the year ending 31st March, 1954
INDIAN CONFERENCE OF SOCIAL WORK BOMBAY
Statement of Receipts and Payments Account from 1st April 1954 to 30th November 1954