This section of the Journal will be devoted to reports in order to acquaint readers with
developments in Departments and in Research Units of the Institute. The following report
pertains to the Unit for Child and Youth Research.
UNICEF's offer to sponsor the Unit was
most welcome to the TISS.
The UNICEFs valuable sponsorship
The Background
continued from January 1969 to March
1974, sufficiently long to put the Unit firmly
The concern of the UNICEF with welfare on its feet. In April 1974, the TISS
and development of the younger generation incorporated the Unit in its own work-
is too well-known to be emphasized here. programme with financial assistance from
However, the UNICEF itself was aware the University Grants Commission. It may
that its involvement was rather limited in be mentioned here that Prof. P. Rama-
meeting the needs of children and youth chandran, who had assisted the Director,
in the urban areas in India. As one of Dr. M. S. Gore, in the discussions leading
the steps to increase such involvement, the to the formation of the Unit, was the Hon.
UNICEF, South Central Asia Region, Project Director of the Unit, until Miss
decided to sponsor a research unit at the Mandakini Khandekar took over as the
Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS). The Head of the Unit in December 1969.
move was initiated in 1967 and after
discussions between the UNICEF, the The Objectives
Government of India and the TISS, the Unit
for Study of the Urban Child and Youth
The principal objectives of the Unit are:
came into being on January 1, 1969.
(1) to conduct research studies in rela-
Besides being a training institute in the
tion to needs of and services for
fields of social work and personnel manage-
children and youth,
ment, the TISS is one of the major social
(2) to develop teaching materials to feed
research agencies in India. Even so, it
into training programmes for child
suffered from inadequate finances for
and youth welfare workers, and
research. It had to depend on various
(3) to serve as a documentation and
funding agencies and had to follow, to a
information cell.
considerable extent, the priorities or ad hoc
requirements of the funding agencies. As a The Enlarged Perspective
result, the TISS was unable to develop for
a long time any identifiable research pro-
grammes of its own.
Very few research agencies can hope to
study in depth the full range of the large
Setting up special research units to study spectrum of regional variations in a
certain specific areas or themes was one of continental country like India. Though the
the ways of developing such identifiable term "urban" is broad in its scope, the Unit
research programmes and also a means of was to limit its research studies to Greater
giving opportunities to the personnel to Bombay which exhibits many of the best
develop their different fields. Thus, the as well as the worst features of the urban

situation in India as indeed in many present available for consultation at the
developing countries. Thus, the very first Unit as it is still on cards. A select biblio-
task that the Unit undertook was to graphy on the young child in India is also
prepare a Report on the Situation of ready. The three other lists prepared are:
Children and Youth in Greater Bombay selected Acts in force in Maharashtra; a
on the basis of the available secondary data. list of books, documents, etc. consulted
The subsequent nine studies too pertained while formulating a proposal for integrated
to Greater Bombay.
services for children in Greater Bombay;
In recent years, the need was felt to step and a preliminary bibliography on popula-
outside Greater Bombay and to expand the tion pressures.
scope of work so as to cover Maharashtra.
Research Studies: The following re-
The expectation is also that should there search reports have been prepared.
be an occasion to study the problems of
rural children and youth, the Unit would
1. A Report on the Situation of Children
be prepared to take on the research studies.
and Youth in Greater Bombay.
In view of this changed perspective, the
by Mandakini Khandekar, published
name of the Unit was changed in early
by the TISS, 1970.
1977 to "Unit for Child and Youth
2. Profiles of Urban Youth Seeking
Research" (UCYR).
Employment, by R. D. Naik, pub-
During the transitional stage when the
lished by the TISS, 1971.
change-over was being contemplated, the
3. Parents and the Bombay Inter-
Unit prepared a report entitled Children
national School, by M. Khandekar,
and Youth in Maharashtra based on all
1971. For limited circulation.
available secondary data and started a
research project to evaluate the work of the
4. The Neighbourhood House in
institutions in Maharashtra covered by the
Nagpada, by M. Khandekar and P.
scheme for destitute children.
N. Vasudevan, 1971, For limited
Soon after the Unit assumed its new
name, it started a secondary analysis of the
5. People's Problems in the Project
National Sample Survey data (28th Round)
Area: An Opinion Survey, by M.
on Maternal and Child Care in Maharashtra
Khandekar, P. N. Vasudevan and P.
and a research project on the Levels of
V. Gopujkar, 1973, (Mimeo.).
Development of Social Welfare Services in
6. A Study of the Drop-outs by M.
Khandekar, published in the IJSW
The new name is indicative of the Unit's
Vol. XXXIV No. 4 and Vol.
desire and willingness to study the pro-
XXXV, No. 1, 1974.
blems of the urban as well as the rural
7. Utilization of Social and Welfare
Services in Greater Bombay by M.
Khandekar, published by the TISS,
Work Done
Bibliographies: The Unit had prepared
8. The Disadvantaged Preschoolers in
an unannotated bibliography on child wel-
Greater Bombay by M. Khandekar,
fare and related subjects in 1970 which
published by the Somaiya Publica-
is being updated now. An annotated
tions, 1975.
bibliography on pre-school children is at
9. Financial Ratios for Child Welfare

Agencies, by M. Khandekar, 1976, students specializing in Family and Child
10. Children and Youth in Maharashtra,
Papers: From time to time, members of
by M. Khandekar, 1976, (Mimeo.).
staff of the Unit have written papers on
11. Towards Minimum Content of Parent different topics. So far, 25 such papers
Education: A Survey of Experts' have been written. Many have been pub-
Opinions, by Kamini J. Ramaiya, lished. Some were written for conferences,
1976, (Mimeo.).
seminars, etc.
12. Bringing Up Deprived Children by
Guiding Student Research: So far, the
M. Khandekar, 1977, (Mimeo.).
staff of the Unit has guided nearly 30
M.A.-level students. The Unit encourages
Reviews of Research: As a result of the students to take group projects and after
Unit's documentation work, it has been the students write their individual reports,
possible to undertake reviews of research. the data are re-analysed and consolidated
Simultaneously, abstracts of research reports are written. Three such reports have
studies are also under preparation. The so far been prepared. They are: "Profiles of
book, Abstracts of Selected Research Studies Urban Youth Seeking Employment," "A
in Child Health and Nutrition prepared by Study of Drop-outs," and "Minimum
K. J. Ramaiya and R. Kumar is on the Content of Parent Education". The author
threshold of publication. The Review on the of the last mentioned report Kamini
same subject by Kamini Ramaiya is nearing Ramaiya, who is now on the staff of the
completion. The Review of Research in Unit, was one of the three students who
Employment and Training of Children and carried out the research project.
Youth (1977) has been finalized by P. V.
At present one M. Phil and three Ph.D.
Gopujkar. She has also prepared Abstracts scholars are placed with the Unit.
of Selected Research Studies on the same
Consultancy: The Head of the Unit is
subject. Similar reviews and abstracts are often consulted by research and service
under preparation on child and youth agencies and other research workers for
their research studies. So far, she has been
Based on such reviews of research, so consulted for nine projects and three
members of the Unit offer a course to the research reports.